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tude of this Place, and the greatest Pleasures of it I owe to its being fo near those beautiful Manors wherein you fometimes refide: It is not Retiring from the World, but Enjoying its most valuable Bleslings, when a Man is permitted to thare in your LordThip's Conversations in the Country, All the bright Images which the Wits

Ages have left behind them in their Writings, the noble Plans which the greatest Statesmen have laid down for Administration of Affairs, are equally the familiar Objects of your KnowJedge. But what is peculiar to your Lordship above all the illuftrious Perfonages that have appeared in any Age, is, That Wit and Learning have from your Example fallen into a new Æra, Your Patronage has produced thote Arts, which before thunned the Com. merce of the World, into the Service of Life; and it is to you we owe, that the Man of Wit has turned himself to be a Man of Business. The falle Delicacy of Men of Genius, and the Objections which others were apt to infinuate against their Abilities for entering into Affairs, have equally va


nished. And Experience has mewn, that Men of Letters are not only qualified with a

greater Capacity, but also a greater Integrity in the Difpatch of Business. Your own Studies have been diverted from being the highest Ornament, to the highest Use to Mankind; and the Capacities which would have rendered you the greatest • Poet of your Age, have to the Advantage of Great Britain been employed in Pursuits which have made you the most able and unbiaffed Patriot. . A vigorous Imagination, an extensive Apprehension, and a ready Judgment, have distinguished you in all the illustrious Parts of Administration, in Reign attended with such Difficulties, that the fame Talents without the fame Quickness in the Poffeffion of them would have been incapable of conquering. The natural Success of such Abilities has advanced you to a Seat in that illustrious House, where you were received by a Crowd of your Relations. Great as you are in your Honours, and Personal Qualities, I know you will forgive an humble Neighbour, the Vanity of pretending to

a Place



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a Place in your Friendship, and subscribing himfelf,


Your Lordsisip's

Moj Obliged, and

Most Devoted Servant,

Richard Steele.


P R E F A C. E.

N the last Tatler 1 promised some Explanation of Passages and Persons mentioned in this Work, as well as some Account of the Allifances I have had

in the Performance. Ifall do this ix very few Words; for when a Man has no Design but to speak plain Truth, he may say a great Deal in a very narrow Compass

. I have, in the Dedication of the First Volume made my Acknowledgments to Dr. Swift, whase pleasant Writings, in the Name of Bickerstaff, created an Inclination in the Town towards any Thing that could appear in the same Disguise. I muft acknowledge also, that at my first entring upon this work, a certain uncommon Way of Thinking, and a Turn in Conversation peculiar to that agreeable Gentleman, rendered his Company very advantageous to one whose Imagination was to be continually employed upon obvious and common Subjects, though at the same Time obliged to treat of them in a new and unbeaten Method. His Verses on the Shower in Town, and the Defcription of the Morning, are Instances of the Happiness of that Genius, which could raise Juch pleasing Ideas upon Occasions so barren to an ordinary Invention.


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WHEN I am upon the House of Bickerftaff, I must not forget that Genealagy of the Family sent to me by the Past, and Il ritten, as I fince under

ftand, by Mr. Twilden, wba died at the Battle of Mons, and has a Monument in Weltminster-Abbey, fuitable to the Respect which is due to his IV it and bij Valour. There are through the Course of the Work very many Incidents wbich were written by uningwn Cerrefpondents, of this kind is the Tale in the few cond Tatler, and the Epiftle from Mr. Downes the Prompter, with others which were very well received by the Publick. But I have only one Gentleman, who will be nameless, to tbane for any frequent Alliance 10 me, wbich indeed it would have been bachareus in bim to have deyed to ane with whom ha bas lived in en Intimacy from Childbeod, confidering the great Ease evith which he is able to dispatch the most entertaining Pieces of this Nature. This gead Office be performed with such Force of Genius, Humour, Wit and Learning, that I fared like a diftreffc Princes wbe calls in e pavarful Neighbour to bis did; I was andene by my duxiliary; when I had once called him in, I could not fubff without Dependance on bim.

THE same Hand writ the diflinguishing Characters of Men and Women under the Names of Musical Instruments, the Distress of the News-writers, the Inventory of the Play.house, and The Description of the Thermometer, wbich I cansat but look upon as the greatest Embellishments of this It'ork,

THUS far I thought necessary to say relating to the great Hands wbich bave been cancerned in these Volumes, with Relation to the Spirit and Genius of the Work; and am far from pretending to Atodefly in making this Acknowledgment. What a Man ob tains from the Good Opinion and Friendship of warthy Me, is a much greater Hennir than he ran pol


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