Principles of Political Economy: With Some of Their Applications to Social Philosophy

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Longmans, Green, 1894 - 591 стор.
 

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Pragmatic or muddled? Mill sets out to explore economic principles but, ultimately, finds that there is no principle which doesn't have any amount of conceivable exceptions. You have to wonder why its ... Читати огляд повністю

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Capital is kept up not by preservation but by perpetual repro duction
46
Why countries recover rapidly from a state of devastation
47
Demand for commodities is not demand for labour
49
Fallacy respecting Taxation
55
Fixed and Circulating Capital what
57
Increase of fixed capital when at the expense of circulating might be detrimental to the labourers
58
but this seldom if ever occurs
61
Land labour and capital are of different productiveness at diffe rent times and places
63
greater energy of labour
65
superior skill and knowledge
66
superiority of intelligence and trustworthiness in the commu nity generally
67
superior security
70
Combination of Labour a principal cause of superior productiveness
71
Effects of separation of employments analysed
73
Combination of labour between town and country
74
The higher degrees of the division of labour
75
Analysis of its advantnges
77
Limitations of the division of labour
80
Of Production on a Large and Production on a Small Scale 1 Advantages of the large system of production in manufactures
81
Advantages and disadvantages of the jointstock principle
84
Conditions necessary for the large system of production
87
Large and small farming compared
89
The law of the increase of production depends on those of three elements Labour Capital and Land
96
The Law of Population
97
By what checks the increase of population is practically limited
98
Of the Law of the Increase of Production
109
Consequences of the foregoing Laws
117
BOOK II
123
The institution of property implies freedom of acquisition by con
133
The produce sometimes shared among three classes 145
145
Of Slavery
151
Influence of peasant properties in stimulating industry
171
Nature of the metayer system and its varieties
183
Nature and operation of cottier tenure
193
Irish cottiers should be converted into peasant proprietors
199
Of Wages
207
A legal or customary minimum of wages with a guarantee
218
The Remedies jbr Low Wages farther
225
Of the Differences of Wages in different
233
Of Profit
245
Differences of profits arising from the nature of the particular
247
Eent the effect of a natural monopoly
255
EXCHANGE
263
Commodities which are susceptible of indefinite multiplication
274
Cost of production not the regulator of international values
347
Money imported in two modes as a commodity and as a medium
367
The precious metals as money are of the same value and dis
370
Of the Distribution of the Precious Metals
374
Influence of Currency on the Exchanges
380
Of the Regulation of a Convertible
391
Of the Competition of different Countries
410
Exchange and Money make no difference in the law of wages
416
INFLUENCE OF THE PROGRESS OF SOCIETY
421
Influence of the Progress of Industry
430
Doctrine of Adam Smith on the competition of capital
439
Abstraction of capital not necessarily a national loss
448
The theory of dependence and protection no longer applicable
455
ON THE INFLUENCE OF GOVERNMENT
479
Direct taxes either on income or on expenditure
495
Of Taxes on Commoditiei
504
Of some other Taxes
517
Is it desirable to defray extraordinary public expenses by loans?
526
Laws of Inheritance
536
Law of compulsory equal division of inheritance
540
Laws of Partnership
541
Partnerships with limited liability Chartered Companies
542
Partnerships in commandite
545
Laws relatmg to insolvency
548
Of Interferences of Government grounded on Erroneous Theories 1 Doctrine of Protection to Native Industry
552
Usury Laws
559
Attempts to regulate the prices of commodities
561
Monopolies
562
Laws against Combination of Workmen
563
Restraints on opinion or on its publication
566
Of the Grounds and Limits of the Laisserfavrt or Noninterference Principle 1 Governmental intervention distinguished into authoritative and unauth...
567
Objections to government interventionthe compulsory character of the intervention itself or of the levy of funds to support it
568
increase of the power and influence of government
570
superior efficiency of private agency owing to stronger interest in the work
571
importance of cultivating habits of collective action in the people
572
Lais serf aire the general rule
573
but liable to large exceptions Cases in which the consumer is an incompetent judge of the commodity Education
575
Case of persons exercising power over others Protection of chil dren and young persons of the lower animals Case of women not analogous
577
Case of contracts in perpetuity
579
hours of labour disposal of colonial lands
581
Case of acts done for the benefit of others than the persons con cerned Poor Laws
584
Colonization
585
other miscellaneous examples
589
Government intervention may be necessary in default of private agency in cases where nrivate agency would be more suitable
590

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Сторінка 483 - The subjects of every state ought to contribute towards the support of the government, as nearly as possible, in proportion to their respective abilities; that is, in proportion to the revenue which they respectively enjoy under the protection of the state.
Сторінка 573 - Letting alone, in short, should be the general practice : every departure from it, unless required by some great good, is a certain evil.
Сторінка 556 - The only case in which, on mere principles of political economy, protecting duties can be defensible, is when they are imposed temporarily (especially in a young and rising nation) in hopes of naturalizing a foreign industry, in itself perfectly suitable to the circumstances of the country.
Сторінка 128 - If, therefore, the choice were to be made between Communism with all its chances, and the present state of society with all its sufferings and injustices; if the institution of private property...
Сторінка 575 - Now any wellintentioned and tolerably civilized government may think without presumption that it does or ought to possess a degree of cultivation above the average of the community which it rules, and that it should therefore be capable of offering better education and better instruction to the people, than the greater number of them would spontaneously demand. Education, therefore, is one of those things which it is admissible in principle that a government should provide for the people.

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