History of civilization in England, Том 1

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Velhagen & Klasing, 1861 - 854 стор.
 

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From Central America 8485
84
And from Mexico and Peru 86
107
And by danger generally 113115
113
This proposition illustrated by a comparison between Hindustan
133
Hence it appears that of the two classes of mental and physical
142
Examination of the two metaphysical methods of generalizing
143
Failure of these methods 150152
150
The progress of society is twofold moral and intellectual 158150
158
And intellectual truths are constantly changing 164165
164
The diminution of religious persecution is owing to the progress
171
Illustrations from Russia and Turkey 177179
177
The invention of gunpowder 185100
185
The discoveries made by political economists 101200
191
The application of steam to purposes of travelling 200203
200
CHAPTER V
207
This being as yet little understood historians have not collected
210
Comparison of the history of England with that of France 216216
216
Necessity of ascertaining the fundamental laws of intellectual pro
222
Influence of religion on the progress of society 232244
232
CHAPTER IX
254
CHAPTER VI
265
One cause of error in history was the invention of writing 272276
272
But the most active cause of all was the influence of the clergy 282283
282
Illustration of this from the history of Charlemagne by Turpin 292294
292
This absurd way of writing history was the natural result of
306
Hooker contrasted with Jewel 312315
312
This tendency displayed in Chillingworth 319321
319
Great advantage of this 327329
327
Influence of this spirit upon Sir Thomas Browne 334337
334
It causes the establishment of the Royal Society
340
Legislative improvements in the reign of Charles II in spite
348
These improvements were due to the sceptical and inquiring spirit 354355
354
The clergy to recover their ground allied themselves with James II 361 362
361
Importance of the Revolution 307368
368
Hostility between them and William III 370874
377
But was weakened by the dissenters beaded by Wesley and White
386
Knowledge begins to be diffused and takes a popular form 392394
392
Corresponding change in the style of authors 897399
399
Ignorance of George III
405
Ability and accomplishments of Burke 414418
414
Burkes subsequent hallucinations and violence 424432
424
The king now favoured him 432433
432
Policy in regard to France 439442
439
Hence the French Protestants being headed by the clergy become
508
They raise a civil war which was a struggle of classes rather than
525
Illustration of this from the philosophy of Descartes 629542
542
It was also seen in the wars of the Fronde 549562
549
Coinciding with this the feudal system and an hereditary aristo
560
Hence a spirit of popular independence unknown in France where
568
This state contrasted with that of England 575576
575
Illustration from the history of chivalry 570583
583
In the reign of Elizabeth both classes were weakened 590593
590
Difference between the Fronde and the great English rebellion 695597
597
Bnt the English rebellion succeeded because it was a democratic
619
Men of letters grateful to Louis XIV
626
Its first effect was to stop the progress of science 632636
632
Also in zoology and in chemistry
640
Illutmtions from the history of French art 648650
648
English literature unknown in France in the reign of Louis XIV 655656
655
Admiration of England expressed by Frenchmen 668669
668
Hence liberal opinions in France which the government attempted
670
Violence of the government 682686
682
Hence they were led to assail Christianity 693697
693
CHAPTER XIII
701
Still further progress early in the seventeenth century 708710
708
Illustration of this from the work of Audigier 718721
718
Immense improvements introduced by Voltaire 730750
730
His views adopted by Mallet Mably Velly Villaret Duclos
737
And on the pedantic admirers of antiquity 743745
743
Ignorant prejudice against him in England
750
Tie works of Montesquieu and value of his method 751756
751
The discourses of Turgot and their influence 757758
757
Recapitulation of preceding views 759760
763
And to favour religious toleration 770772
770
Jansenism being allied to Calvinism its revival in France aided
779
Connexion between this movement and the rise of atheism 786788
786
And in Condillac 792796
792
Also on chemistry and geology 799807
799
In England during the same period there was a dearth of great
808
Connexion between these views and subsequent discoveries 816819
816
Bichats work on life 823827
823
And in mineralogy by De Lisle and Haiiy 831834
831
Analogy between this and Pinels work on insanity 834835
834
The same democratic tendency was observable in changes of dress 841842
841
Summary of the causes of the French Revolution 848850
848

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Сторінка 214 - The greater number of the deputies sent to the congress were lawyers. But all who read, and most do read, endeavor to obtain some smattering in that science. I have been told by an eminent bookseller, that in no branch of his business, after tracts of popular devotion, were so many books as those on the law exported to the plantations.
Сторінка 214 - I have been told by an eminent bookseller, that in no branch of his business, after tracts of popular devotion, were so many books as those on the law exported to the plantations. The colonists have now fallen into the way of printing them for their own use. I hear that they have sold nearly as many of Blackstone's " Commentaries
Сторінка 22 - In a given state of society, a certain number of persons must put an end to their own life. This is the general law; and the special question as to who shall commit the crime depends of course upon special laws; which, however, in their total action, must obey the large social law to which they are subordinate.
Сторінка 417 - The storm has gone over me; and I lie like one of those old oaks which the late hurricane has scattered about me. I am stripped of all my honours, I am torn up by the roots, and lie prostrate on the earth!
Сторінка 306 - In matters of God, to set down a Form of Prayer, a solemn Confession of the Articles of the Christian Faith, and Ceremonies meet for the exercise of Religion ; it were unnatural not to think the Pastors and Bishops of our souls a great deal more fit, than men of secular trades and callings...
Сторінка 200 - ... all times ; never young, and never old, they bear the seeds of their own life ; they flow on in a perennial and undying stream ; they are essentially cumulative, and, giving birth to the additions...
Сторінка 391 - That public had become accustomed to, and required, a strong stimulus ; and to meet the requisitions of the public taste, a style was produced which by combining triteness of thought with singularity and excess of manner of expression, was calculated at once to soothe ignorance and to flatter vanity.
Сторінка 136 - From these facts it may be fairly inferred, that the advance of European civilization is characterized by a diminishing influence of physical laws, and an increasing influence of mental laws. The complete proof of this generalization can be collected only from history; and therefore I must reserve a large share of the evidence on. which it is founded, for the future volumes of this work. But that the proposition is fundamentally true, must be admitted by whoever, in addition to the arguments just...
Сторінка 313 - For my part, I am certain that God hath given us our reason, to discern between truth and falsehood ; and he that makes not this use of it, but believes things he knows not why; I say, it is by chance that he believes the truth, and not by choice ; and that I cannot but fear that God will not accept of this sacrifice of fools.
Сторінка 90 - Brazil, which is nearly as large as the whole of Europe, is covered with a vegetation of incredible profusion. Indeed, so rank and luxuriant is the growth, that nature seems to riot in the very wantonness of power.

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