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so easily remembered, -especially as it seems to result from troduced into many of the best schools of Great Britain; Datural, practical, and well recognized divisions of the sub. while in this country they promise to supersede all others. jects, without doing violence to establish views of the ge. A Classical Dictionary, more comprehensive and accunealogy of the sciences. The value of the work is greatly rate than that of Lempriere, and that should be free from enhanced by the select list of books on every subject of the defects generally of that work, has been greatly needed ; human knowledge, embracing upwards of fifteen hundred nor could its preparation have fallen into better hands. works, of the choicest literature, arranged in the order of This new work will prove invaluable to the classical stusubjects, as the branches are in the preceding parts of the dent, from the many improvements that have been introvolame.

duced into it, and from the vast amount of additional infor

mation it contains, derived from the ample stores of GerINTRODUCTION TO THE LITERATURE of Europe IN THE

man Literature, and the reports of modern travellers. The FIFTEENTH, SIXTEENTH, AND SEVENTEENTH CENTU

learned author has, indeed, shown astonishing industry in

the collection of facts; he has left nothing unexplored, and PIES. By Henry Hallam, F. R. S. A. New York: Harpers and Brothers; 1841.

his pages may be said to furnish a complete picture of the

Ancient World, in regard to its geography, history, arts, This is an exceedingly interesting and able work. Mr. manners and customs, &c. &c. It is not our design to enHallam, indeed, is so well known as an elegant and pro- ter into a critical examination of this great work. It has found writer, that little need be said to recommend a pro- been extensively noticed by the press, and in terms of the doetion from his pen. His View of the State of Europe du- highest praise. A very substantial evidence of its merits ring the Midille Ages, has probably been more extensively is, that though but a few weeks have elapsed since its pubread than any other recent work of a high literary character; lication, a second edition is already called for. nor is the work before us at all inferior to it. It is distinguished by the same depth of thought, the same extent of THE POETRY AND History of Wyoming. New-York learning, the same elegance of style, and the same profound

and London-Wiley and Putnam-1841. and original views. In noticing the various literary and scientific productions of the three centuries that followed the

This is an elegant volume, illustrated with several cuts, resival of learning, the causes which accelerated or retarded and printed in very neat style. It contains Campbell's celeits progress, &c., Mr. Hallar has presented us with a

brated poem-Gertrude of Wyoming; a mernoir of the aucomplete history of the human mind during that most in thor, by Washington Irving, and a History of Wyoming by teresting period. The value of such a work will be fully William L. Stone. To the latter gentleman the reading appreciated, if we consider, that it is increase of knowledge public are under large obligations for having rescued from which has given an impulse to all the movements of society, oblivion so valuable a portion of American aboriginal hisand has acted, and is destined to act, with more power than tory. In the present instance, he has given us a full deevery thing else upon all its institutions. These volumes scription of the celebrated valley of Wyoming, corrected cannot fail of interesting every class of readers, as there is many false impressions, particularly as regards the characno intelligent person but must be gratified to trace the pro

ter of Brandt, derived from Campbell's poem, and furnished gress of the human mind through its successive stages of a complete historical sketch of Wyoming from its discovery

to the present century. Of the importance of such contributions to our literature, it is unnecessary to speak, and the

names of the authors on the title-page of this volume, are Tue MARTYRS OF SCIENCE, OR The Lives of Galileo, Tycho BRAKE AND KEPLER. By Sir David Brewster,

guarantees of its excellence in point of style and influence. F. R. S. A. vol. 130 Family Library; 1841.

The POETICAL WORKS OF SIR WALTER Scott-ComThe publication of a book in the Messrs. ers' Fami

plete--vols 1 and 2. LIFE or Sir Walter Scott. By ly Library, is no unsatisfactory evidence, of itself, that the

J. G. Lockhart-vol. 1. New-York-Charles S. Francis ; book is a good one. Great care is evidently laken, in ma- 1841. king their selections for this object. These Lives of the three distinguished men who were the founders of modern

It is generally conceded that the most desirable edition of astronomical science, we have read with great interest. the Waverley Novels, published in this country, is that isStrange to say, they were persecated and abused for pre

sued by Samuel H. Parker, of Boston, at the cheap rate of suming to make known the true system of the universe-twenty-five cents a volume. In point of typography, paper such was the bigotry and ignorance of the times in which and correctness, these books have received the warm enco. they lived. This work presents us with a view of the la. miums of the press and the large patronage of the public. bors and discoveries of these great men; it is full of inci. We may add that the neat paper-binding in which they apdent, beautifully written, and no less entertaining than pear, is another recommendation. It renders the volumes

advancement

convenient for immediate use, and enables the purchaser to renew the covers, in a more substantial form, according to

his taste. This method is very common on the continent, ANTHON'S CLASSICAL DICTIONARY. New-York-Har- and is there universally approved. We are happy to perper and Brothers; 1841.

ceive that C. S. Francis of New York, has commenced the Perhaps no scholar of the present day has done so much publication of Sir Walter Scott's Poems and the Life, by for the promotion of classical learning as Dr. Anthon. He Lockhart—in a style corresponding with Parker's edition of bas studied the great authors of antiquity with profound at the novels. This will supply the community with a comtention, and to his familiarity with their writings, he unites plete series of Scott's works, including the admirable mea delicate taste, and an accurate and discriminating judg- moir by his son-in-law, at an economical rate, and in a ment. He is animated, too, by a rare enthusiasm in this most convenient form. It is superfluous to enlarge upon his chosen field of literature, and possesses that persever- the merits of the volumes mentioned above. They rank ing application without which nothing great can be accom- among the standard productions of modern literature. Our plished. That he is a most laborious student we have object has been to call the attention of our readers to the abundant evidence; and that bis erudition and talents are enterprise of Mr. Francis, and to counsel those who do not duly appreciated abroad as well as at home, is shown by the possess all the works of the Great Unknown, to supply fact, that his elementary books for classical study are in-'themselves with this beautiful, cheap, and complete edition.

instructive.

tumn.

MOORE's EPICUREAN. New-York-C. S. Francis-1841., WILLIAM L. Stone, Editor of the New York Commer

This delightful tale, by Thomas Moore, has been long out cial Advertiser, has in press a Life of Red Jacket, the of print in this country. The present edition supplies a celebrated Indian Chief. Mr. Stone's Life of Thayendawant long felt by the reading public, and is executed with nega, or Joseph Brandt, won for bim an enviable mputa. much elegance. The price, also, is very reasonable. The tion in the historical department of American literature. same publisher has just issued Alda, the Captive, a tale of The Life of Red Jacket will be no less distinguished for the Early Christians, by Agnes Strickland. He has in press, research, ability and interest. It will appear in one large "Scenes in Judea,' by the author of Letters from Palmyra. octavo volume, with illustrations, in the early part of au

Mr. Espy, the well known meteorologist, is superintend

ing at Boston the publication of a large work on bis Theory LITERARY NOTICES.

of Storms, in which, among other matters, will be incorpoAmong the works announced as in preparation, we ob-rated a report on the subject read before the Institute of serve “The POETS AND POETRY OF AMERICA,” by Rufus France. W. Griswold. It will be published in the ensuing autumn,

Hon. Joseph Story is preparing for the press Commenby Carey & Hart, of Philadelphia, and will probably be taries on the Law of Evidence. one of the most splendid specimens of typography ever is

George Bancroft is industriously engaged on a cansued by that well-known house. It is to make one large tinuation of his History of the United States. His fourth octavo volume, in the style of Murray's last London edition volume will be published in the autumn of next year. of the writings of Byron. Iis contents will consist of se- Mr. GREENE, our Consul at Rome, has nearly completed lections from some fifty or sixiy authors, with biographical his History of Italy. and critical notices by Mr. Griswold, whose fine taste and The Poets OF AMERICA. Edited by John Keese. We unequalled knowledge of every thing relating to American take great pleasure in announcing a second series of this literature, peculiarly qualify him for the task.

splendid work. It will appear very soon, and when we It is an erroneous belief that there is in America a dearth say that it out rivals the first volume, our readers may antiof materiel for a book of this description, that shall be emi- cipate a rare treat both for the eye, ibe intellect and the nenily honorable to our literary character. Though we heart. The first specimen of " The Poets of America ilhave no particular acquaintance with the subject, we ven- lustrated by one of her Painters,” has met with a degree of ture to give the names of a few poets, of whom any nation encouragement, unanticipated by the most sanguine friends might well be proud. In the North are Bryant, Dana, Per. of the enterprise. To supply the public demand, it was cival, Longfellow, Sprague, Holmes, Pierpont, Henry Ware, soon found necessary to increase the second edition, aptal Halleck, Benjamin, Street, Whittier, Willis, Hoffman, Pea- the issues amounted to fire thousand copies. When we body, McLellen, Sargent, Seba Smith, Mrs. Sigourney, consider the state of the times and the expense necessarily Mrs. Seva Smith, Miss Gould, · Maria del Occidente' and attending such a publication, this is a remarkable evidence others, who are yet living, and the departed Brainard, of the growing taste among us for works of an elegant and Sands, Drake, Wilcox, Clarke, Brooks and Hillhouse. highly intellectual character. Several hundred copies were In the South and West we have Wilde, Simms, Pike, sold in London, where the typographical and artistical merGallagher, Prentice, Dinnies, Welby, (the “Amelia" of its of the volume, as well as its poetical beauties, were core the Louisville Journal,) Flint, Thomas, and the late Pinck-dially appreciated. We have in these facts a striking ianey, Harney, and a great number beside; all of whom stance of what may be accomplished by the union of litehave written enduring poetry. We have mentioned these rary sympathy with business tact on the part of a publister, few names in the order in which they occurred to us, and Mr. Keese is one of the most active members of the trade with no intention to arrange them according to their rank. in New-York. He is a warm lover of poetry and poets, and We might easily add many to the list, whose claims to be the personal friend of most of our disunguished bars. regarded as genuine poets none will deny ; but we have Under the influence of such feelings, he undertook to disgiven enough to show that Mr. Griswold cannot for want of play the gems of our poetical literature in a style worthy of materiel fail to produce a work that shall be creditable to their claims. An intelligent and enterprising spirit, and a the national character. From our knowledge of his abili- native taste for the art, enabled him successfully to accuidties, we are confident that the labor could not have been as- plish bis design. The volume proved highly creditable to signed to more competent hands. We shall look with his discrimination as a compiler, and his skill as a pob. anxiety for the appearance of the volume.

lisher; and he has been induced to repeat the experime. We perceive that Richard H. DANA, of Boston, is pre- As a selection, the new volume will be found fully eysal, paring for the press a new edition of his Poems and Prose if not superior, to its predecessor. The poems admirabiy tsWritings. Few Americans stand higher in the estimation present the characteristics of their several authors. These of the literary world, than the author of “ The Buccaneers.” who were but slightly represented before, for want of space, The forthcoming edition of his works will, it is understood, here shine in their just proportions; while many, accidezbe in two octavo volumes.

tally omitted, now receive justice. The illustrations Professor LONGFELLOW, whose admirable "Voices of Chapman and Croome are truly beautiful. There is a the Night,” have passed to a sixth edition within a year perior delicacy and grace about them, and the wble arrange and a-half, has nearly ready for the press a tragedy, founded ment will be found a decided improvement. We had the on an incident in the history of Spain. We presume it pleasure, a few days since, of inspecting some species will be produced at one of the principal theatres before it is of these charming designs; and among them, were beaty published.

delighted with those intended to illustrate The Foantan," Mr. Prescott, the author of “ Ferdinand and Isabella,” one of Bryant's finest efforts; a sonnet to Spring, le Green: the first historical work yet written by an American, has Hill; Miss Lucy Hooper's spirited poem of Oseola," Mrs. been for about two years engaged in writing a “ History of Embury's “ Death of the Duke of Reitchstad;" Charles the Discovery and Conquest of Mexico.” The completion Sprague's “ Brothers," &c. This volume will, uadoakof the work has been retarded hy the author's blindness, edly, take the lead of the Annuals for 1842, and coastale which has made necessary the tedious and unsatisfactory a permanent ornament of the centre-talıle and the favorite service of an amanuensis. It is probable that it will be fireside companion, in every American dwelling, where the published in 1842. It will make three large octavo volumes. ' love of the beautiful is cherised.

PUBLISHED MONTHLY, AT FIVE DOLLARS PER ANNUM--THOMAS W. WHITE, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.

VOL. VII.

RICHMOND, SEPTEMBER, 1841.

NO. 9.

BENJAMIN FRANKLIN.*

The evils that mark our times are mistaken by

the common observer. The volcanic blaze, that We have looked for this publication with the in- now darts over our country like a mock sunbeam, terest of one who anticipates the arrival of a vene- and then leaves us buried beneath a waste of lava, rated friend, long absent, but about to return to his has its cause in the very womb of our social sysnative country, laden with riches and honor. When tem. It is folly to charge it upon this or that acwe knew Franklin, we were a schoolboy. He tion of government. The whirlwind reaped in was the companion of our scholastic hours, and manhood, is sown in the cradle. Born with a love lightened their toil by his counsels of wisdom. of money, we are from our infancy educated to His exterior was as unadorned, as Humility her- idleness. We are taught, that to live without labor self could desire. He was in very truth," An old is the maximum of felicity. Our fathers toil, and book-stript of its lettering and gilding.” But, for what? To enable our lives to rust away in thanks to the enterprise of his craft, he now comes sloth! They forget the doom of our race. He to us, according to his own prophecy, “in a new, who pronounced on our first parents, the rainbowand more elegant edition.” Long has he been ab- curse—the cloudy blessing--that by the sweat of sent—the friend, the guide, the benefactor-the the brow they should eat bread; at the very moSocrates of the schoolboy. Banished from the ment transformed this rolling sphere into an etergroves of Academus ; condemned to death by the nal treadmill, and fixed a destiny of labor as adapatrons of an educational system that is fast deba- mantine as the walls of heaven. No fanciful sing our National character; he has at length burst labor, either! but hard, close, unwearied grapplings the cerements of prejudice, and stands forth to re- with the beggarly realities of our dusty life. iterate the story of the times that were-to vindi. Whether the theatre of our efforts be the field, the cate the past, and to contrast it with the present. workshop, or the world ; whether our toil be to

Never did we stand in greater need of the home-break up the clods of the valley or to reclaim the ly teachings of Benjamin Franklin--printer! Our wastes of the mind; whether our life be spent at country, great in its strength, inexhaustible in its the bench of the artisan or in the cloister of the resources, presents the melancholy spectacle of a student–in the solitude of nature or in the solispent and prostrate giant. Descended as we are, tude of the crowd--labor, universal labor, is our from men of whom the world was not worthy- common solace and our common doom! It equalises men, who found our land as it sprang from the the blessings of God to the human family. What hand of God-men, to whom the outcasts, Reli- the poor man (falsely so called) lacks of the abungion and Liberty, were consigned for destruction, dance of vanities, labor makes up to him in the but who cradled them in the far-off wilderness ; luxuries of a sound body and a peaceful mind. To nourished them as the pelican nourishes her young the threadbare student who hungers after his daily and dying, left them, in charge, to us—descended bread more vainly than after the bread of knowfrom such men-blessed with such a heritage-we ledge, it teaches that the impalpable glories and have, nevertheless, put away from us the names, glittering revelations of the spiritual world far the memory of our fathers, and, like the prodigal, surpass the gems of the Equator, or the glory of prayed the God of nations to divide unto us our Solomon. It knits up the ravelled sleeve of portion. We have wasted our substance. We care-it makes teeming the womb of our mother have rejoiced in the noonday, forgetting the ap- earth. Its necessities and its rewards are alike proach of darkness. But yet, the wild specula. on man and brute. It gives the fox, his hole; the tions that have been our curse—the craving desire bird of the air, its nest ; and man, where to lay after the horn of abundance—the burning passion his head. Of all Agrarians, it is the only true, the for sudden acquisitions—the fierce contentions-only peaceable, the only just. the wolfish jealousies-all, all have ended but as Honored be those who have honored labor, and the miserable pastime,

made it honorable! They are the patriots who “Of dropping buckets into empty wells

have made the great globe their common country. And growing old by drawing nothing up."

They are the Christians who have exemplified the

Godhead in humanity. They are the men who * The Works of Benjamin Franklin ; containing have been married to virtue—who have walked several political and historical tracts not included in any hand in hand with the heavenly maiden—whose former edition, and many letters official and private not bodies have been fit temples for the holy spirit. hitberto published; with notes, and a life of the author. By Jared Sparks. In ten volumes : Boston, Hilliard, Gray & Have they ploughed through life in homely garCo.-1841.

ments; wrestling with hourly dangers and hourly VOL. VII—75

besetments? Be sure, that though cast down they gust of their honest callings, and who force their were not conquered; that though weak they were sons into the learned professions, simply to make ever strong; that though their graves may be un- them gentlemen? Must we seek them in the gales marbled, their names are written on a tablet more of our public offices-amid the mongrels of hudurable than Time. But were their workings, of manity, who whine beneath the table of some sucthe mind ? Was their sweat, of the soul's agony ? cessful politician ; or the thousands that besiege the Were their voices heard in the wilderness of hu- doors of some miraculous postmaster, who may, man error; and did Genius lover about them, say- by chance, have five loaves and two sto all fishes to ing, These are my beloved sons! Be sure, that distribute to the multitude ? There was a time wherever they lived—wherever they died-their when it was the climax of public virtue, neither to own works are their cenotaphs; the domes of seek nor to decline an office. There was a time thought are their sepulchres; and their lingering when patriotism was like honesty-small credit to spirits through the lofty vaults, still whisper to the have it, but felony to have it not. gazer, “Si monumentum quaeris, circumspice.” Perhaps we have been led to judge our times a

Let the memory of such, live forever! And if little harshly, by a perusal of the work under conthe wisdom of the Preacher is to be the experience sideration. We are fresh from the well of patriof all ages; if the thing that hath been is that otism, undefiled. We have been transported to which shall be, and that which is to be has already the Adam and Eve days of our Republic. We beenif there is, indeed, to be nothing new under have been in the society of men, who counted the sun—then, in God's name, let us perpetuate of their lives, their fortunes and their sacred honor, the past, those things that are worthy of perpe. as all bound up in the regeneration of humanity. tuity. In the hoary locks of the eternity that has We have seen them making the most painful săgone by, there are both wisdom and warning. crifices to succeed in what even the boldest often There are hairs gray with the frosts of time, and thought a desperate hazard. We have seen their every one, a preacher of righteousness. There blood flow like water. We have seen enrg afraid are, too, hairs "gray, but not with years"-mil- to lift its head--hatred and malice, ashamed 10 dewed with vice, mouldy with iniquity. But from look upon their own shadows. We admit, that we the mighty tomb of buried ages, let us exhume the have been pained by the contrast of our own memorable, the ancient, the holy; and present them times; yet we feel assured, that there is a spirt ia as a glass for the fashion of our fallen times. Yet, our countrymen prompting them to strive after a alas, that the spirit of Humanity should be com- true greatness. We believe that many, very mans, pelled to look backward and point to the past, alone, see and deplore the evils we have partially depicted. in vindication of her Godborn greatness! That Many of our public teachers are devoting themselves in our day the meaning of the poet should be so to the lofty work of National Regeneration, and we sadly altered, and men need to be studied more as rejoice to say, their warnings are not unheeded. a warning than as an example !

Let the American people once become properly Would to God that our conscience could accuse awakened—let them once cease to measure thenus of misanthropy! Would that in speaking thus selves by the dwarfishness of trans-Atlantic des of our generation, we could feel some fancied in- potisms-let them once have a becoming sense of jury-somne venemous prejudice-some lurking bit- their own exalted destiny—and their glory will be terness, turning our honey into gall. The con- a sun to the political universe. demnation, in which we include ourselves, should But to this end, we cannot too often revert to gladly be heaped upon ourselves alone. But how those exalted worthies, above whom, the stars of is it? Is there a father among us striving to instil our Republic first sang together. Forever must into a son, the principles of a lofty independence, they remain the world's noblest example of “ what manly decision, pure patriotism,'chastity of honor,' constitutes a State.” Of these, it is probable nu and the scarcely more exalted virtues of the Chris- one is more fitted to exert a happier influence than tian faith? To what man of our time will that Benjamin Franklin. Skilled, not so much in the father point as an exemplar? Where are our Mil- arts of war as of peace-his memory is peculiarły tons, and where our Hampdens ? Not Milton, the adapted to impress us with the characteristics of a poet, and Hampden, the patriot ; but Milton, the good citizen. In dwelling somewhat upon his life, man ; and Hampden, the man! Where are our it is not our purpose to detail, minutely, its various Washingtons , and where our Franklins ? Not incidents

, og to give a catalogue of those diversi Washington, the Father of his Country; and Frank-fied labors that are stamped with the greatness of lin, the sage ; but Washington, the private citizen, his character. We take him as we find him-: and Franklin, the printer ! Do we find them among man, whose life was such, as that his death clad those who wear out their vigor in drudgery—whose two nations in mourning; a man, for whom, (it has loftiest ambition is for an old age of luxury, and been said,) the history of science and the history the accumulation of rust for their children? Do of empires contend with each other. Taking him we find them among those who live in daily dis-'as such; and finding, moreover, that he owed no

thing to a distinguished ancestry or hereditary |panions, he had acquired considerable adroitness wealth, we propose to inquire into the secret of in the Socratic method of reasoning, and already his success; and to illustrate thereby, that fatality could confound the inexperienced and puzzle the of greatness which attends the right use of talents. wise. Above all, he had a valuable trade, by We shall insist, that he who loves the Supreme which, even at that early age, he could earn a Being, and loves his fellow-men, circumnavigates man's wages with the labor of his hands. But in the sphere of moral duty; and that he is the skil. this outset of his career, the starting point of his ful mariner, who guides his bark solely by the one greatness,—was he more than any mechanic's son star in the heavens. We shall endeavor to educe of the same age might now be? So far from it, from the life of Franklin a simple, yet lofty les- there is hardly a boy in our country, at this day, son—to show that the ambition to be good, is the but has equal, and the vast majority, superior adgreatest and most practicable of human aspirations ; vantages. · Books are now as cheap and plenty, as and if in a single heart, we should cause to spring they were then rare and costly. Such is the simup two blades of virtue where but one now four- plification of the arts and the improvement of maishes, we shall have labored not in vain.

chinery, that any young mind of ordinary curiosity, In the latter part of 1723, a stripling of some with far less observation, might be much more exseventeen years was seen wandering through the perienced in the mysteries of the various crafts. streets of Philadelphia. His appearance was of The same models of style and reasoning exist now, the commonest order. His pockets were stuffed as then; and, throughout, the advantage is deciwith minor articles of clothing. He was friend- dedly with our generation. less and homeless. He had but a single dollar in Let us change the scene to an extensive printinghis pocket. Three rolls of bread, one under each establishment in London. A young American is arm and one in his hand, were his only visible there, astonishing his fellow-workmen by the amount means of subsistence. The worthy Quakers eyed of his labor. They steady their nerves by copious bir askance, as a runaway apprentice; and the drafts of hearty old English ale : the young AmeJustice Oldmixons of the town, were disposed to rican drinks nothing but cold water, yet he per

forms twice the labor of his fellows. See them, -put him in the parish-stocks, sor a vagrant.”

gathering around him in wonder, to know how the A young lady, (afterwards his wife,) standing in water-American, as they call him, can be stronger her father's door, smiled at his ludicrous and awk- than they who drink strong beer. Listen to him, ward appearance. He wandered down by the philosophising on the subject to his curious inquiriver; gave his supernumerary rolls to a hungry rers! Hear him, explaining the difference between woman and her child ; returned into the city ; the nutriment derived from a quart of beer and a joined some persons who were entering a Quaker penny worth of bread; and persuading several to meeting-house ; fell asleep in the church and was save their threepences by following his example. aroused by some kind-hearted Friend, who told the See the result of his efforts. Behold the workweary stranger, that the congregation was disper- men, stronger and more clear-headed. See the sing. This forlorn and destitute stranger, was happiness of their wives and children, whose addiBenjamin Franklin! At that early age he had tional comforts give a new charm to their humble thrown himself upon his own resources, and pic- circles. What homespun philosopher, what practured out a pathway of renown. His heart was tical philanthropist has caused this increase of hufull of determined energy. His mind was stored, man felicity? The water-American is no other not with the lumber of Latin and Greek, but with than Benjamin Franklin! Since we left him he a fund of valuable and practical information. Not- has been tried in the furnace of discouragement, withstanding his almost constant occupations about yet only the more purified. Flattered by the nothe business of his father and the duties of an ap- tice of a Provincial Governor-induced by him to prentice, he had been a student from his infancy. make a journey to the mother country, for the purHe had committed many a felony upon sleep, for chase of a new press and materials-promised by his mental aggrandizement. His inquiring mind, this dignitary with a supply of funds when he hungering after truth, had settled upon every tree should arrive at the termination of his voyageit met, in hope of culling some nutritious fruit. furnished by him with pretended letters of credit The black-letter of polemic theology—the hastily and introduction-he found himself deceived ; besnatched history—the dearly loved Pilgrim's Pro- trayed by this faithless and creditless patron; again gress-in short, everything in print, good, bad or a stranger in a strange land ; again destitute. But indifferent, that he could either beg, borrow or buy, he betook himself to his honest calling. Boy as had furnished him with food for reflection. Having he was, he was a match for misfortune. felt the necessity of using his pen, he had care- riched himself by that jewel with which adversity fully framed his style after the best models of the endows her children. Throughout his limited cirQueen Anne school. Having been in the frequent cle, he scattered the seeds of a good example. discussions of abstruse points with his young com- 'He devoted himself to the happiness of his com

He en

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