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1841.] Lines on Reading the Life and Last Writings of L. E. L.-Capt. Marryatt.
** Prove it! sartinly I will-Ike Parsons haint the man to say a thing withouter clinchin' it.”
ON READING THE LIFE AND LAST WRITINGS OF L. E. L.
* Kerlumbus was a sailing wave,
That first did cross the Atlantic brave." “Ha! ha! ha! ho! ho! ho! haw! haw! haw!" burst from the lips of Mr. William Parsons, like explosions from the mouth of Cochran's repeating
A hearty laugh is always contagious, and never did a company of bacchanals give utterance to louder peals of glee--though half of them knew not what they were laughing at-than were to be heard around the table at Bubble-Spring.
"Ho! ho! ho!-Kerlumbus was a sa-ha! ha!Kerlumbus was a sailing wa-he! he! Kerlumbus was a sailing wave-Oh, Lord !" continued Beau, " do make that old gent take his eyes off of me, or I shall die with laughter!"
The "old gent" alluded to, was, of course, Isham Parsons. He sat and glared first upon his son, and then on the schoolmaster-one moment he was pale, and then he turned red
“Like ashes first, and then like fire ;" and Thwackem, though he felt the most profound contempt for a man who could so mar a quotation, at once classical and appropriate, seemed by no means to relish the flashing eye and quick-heaving breast which indicated an assault upon his sacred person.
· How I do love poetry," exclaimed Billy, when he had somewhat recovered from the weakening effect of his cachinations—“ give us those lines again, dad—they are beautiful--come, I'll prompt you
“Ker“Why don't you repeat after me ?
"Kerlum Assist him, Thwackem,
"Kerluinbus was a sailing wave."
Lady! He echo of thy sweet, sad singing,
Is lingering round me, though ihe strain be past,
The gushing melody hath fled at last.
Hath died in this, its deep departing swell,
That prized thy song of tenderness so well.
Could give of happiness, had long been thine,
Ere one bright hope had past to its decline.
Thus in the Summer flush of fame to die,
Or taught thine earthly love, the tear and sigh.
Meets often in its deep and fervent trusi-
Its worshipped idols prove to be but dust.
As one by one youth's treasured aims decay ;
Far o'er the future, as they glide away.
Or that new tenderness around thee wove;
I never shall be loved, as I could love !
For all that life might never know again;
Chill on the heart that sent it forth in vain.
And thanks to him, v. ho to our thoughts hath spoken,
This kind recording of thy vanished days;
Hath waked one strain of farewell and of praise !
JANE T. LOMAX.
Laughing, eating, drinking, dancing, like most good things, must have an end, and these being the component parts of a Bubble-Spring bran-dance,
CAPT. MARRYATT. it must have an end likewise. To declare the way Mr. T. W. White: Ishain Parsons brushed these critical hornets from In the March No. of your “Messenger," there is an artihis jacket, would only be anticipating the judgment cle, covering more than twenty pages of that journal
, upon of the reader. That he swore, they may rest as
Capt. Marryatt and his Diary." It is certainly written sured. A thousand times was Beau made to un- I confess I am mortified that so much good writing should
in the spirit of an American, and with great ability. But derstand he was the greatest fool living, and the be wasted upon so mean a subject, and that any American thousandth reiteration found his temper as placid should think Capt. Marryalt and his Diary worthy of so laas a waveless lake. For the present, we bid them bored a notice. This itinerant scribbler, this literary pedboth a hearty farewell. In the course of our “Paint- ler of small wares, who travels to write, and writes to sell,
is well known to have neither the manners, conversation, ings in Profile,” they may chance again to appear or principles of a gentleman. Gentlemen of this city who on the canvass, but now a character quite as origi
were thrown into his society, which rarely happened, speak nal demands our attention,
with disgust of the shocking obscenity of his conversation: his language was often 100 gross for repetiton, and such as is never heard from one who has any pretensions to the
education or character of a gentleman. Should the opi. There is no man, however alluent, but by extravagance, nions or the ribaldry of such a wiluess be regarded? In and morals lax, may fall from his high estate, and close his addition to his moral disqualifications, we must also rememdays in penury and wo.-Knickerbocker.
ber, that he writes for the English market; and in that
nothing concerning this country will sell, unless it labors Silence was o'er the deep; the noiseless surge, to show to the liege subjects of her Majesty, that our popu. The last subsiding wave,-of that dread tumult lar institutions are destructive of morals, manners, religion, Which raged, when ocean, at the mute command, knowledge and government-in short, of every thing that Rushd furiously into his new-cleit bed, gives dignity to man, refinement to society, and security in Was gently rippling on the pebbled shore; the law. Mr. Walsh, in his last letter from Paris, truly While, on the swell, the sea-bini with her head says: "Your republicanism is odious and fearful to all mo- Wing-veild, slept tranquilly.- Grahame. narchies."
Capt. Marryatt received very little attention in the At such an hour walked Adam and his consort United States, with one very silly exception in a Western hand in hand, till, as the sun went down in the city. Here he was alınost entirely neglected; the bad West, they sought a place of repose-faithfully deodor of his reputation in his own country preceded his ad- lineated by Milton,—and thus, so peacefully, comvent to this; and the admiration we bad for some of his menced the world's first Saturday Night. writings, was not thought a sufficient reason for bestowing our attentions upon their vulgar and unworthy author. We
About four thousand years have gone from the may derive pleasure or benefit from the excretions of an unclean animal, but are not therefore bound to take him calendar of Time. Paradise has become a desert
. into our houses. This neglect galled the natural acerbity Man has spread over the earth, but in all his warof his temper, and sharpened the edge of his invective. derings Sin and Sorrow have kept him compar. But the great and leading excitement to his scurrilous li. He has moistened the soil given him to till, with bels, and unblushing falsehoods against this country, is the his brother's blood. But the sheltering hand of same which has governed all his predecessors, from Fearon to Trollop, who came here to gather materials to be worked Heaven has been over him, and, at last, a remnant up for sale in the English market; a mere money-making of the race are dwelling together in a promised job. To take truth about the United States as an article land. Their enemies have been subdued-their of trade to England, would be more alısurd than the tale of city sits on her three hills, “ beautiful as Tirzali
, a shipment of warming-pans to the West Indies; they were and terrible as an army with banners." The word turned to a good use; but a true and candid representation or the happiness and prosperity of republican America. could spoken by seers of old has been fulfilled. Bethledo nothing but mischief among the subjects of a monarchy. hem of Judea has witnessed the incarnation of
You seem to be so abundantly supplied with good måtter Deity. The sick, the blind, and the oppressed, for your excellent journal, that I regret so much of it should have been comforted, and the dead raised to life. have been employed upon “Capt. Marryati and his Diary.” But the fatal hour is at hand. Jerusalem bas been Philadelphia, April 17, 1841.
wept over in vain. The blood of prophets and priests is in her skirts, and one deed alone remains to fill up the cup of her crime.
The city is in an uproar! There is a processive
sweeping like a sea from the western gate. PesTHREE SATURDAY NIGHTS. sants, soldiery, scribes, and lordly Pharisees roll
along, an unnumbered multitude. There is one Chaos had been moulded into form. Light had
countenance uplike all others. No trace of pasbegun to smile on the face of new-born earth. sion mars it: but in that eye there is patience, Ocean had pealed its first thunder-hymn. The
peace, and heaven, amid all the tumult. They are sun and moon wheeled along their yet untravelled
on the hill called Calvary. What a silence! The orbits, and good angels hung out their lamps of mob are ignorant and heedless of the heart that s stars. More wonderful and complex in his organi- now bursting for them. They wag their heads zation than all, Man was last created, and the seal and rail on him. But hark! "It is finished !" zed of superiority stamped on his forehead. “And the He gives up the ghost. The sky has put on socks evening and the morning was the sixth day.” The cloth; Moriah, Acre, and Sion, tremble. The rockwhole universe was happy in the possession of ex- barred sepulchres are open, and men, long 12.00 istence. The birds were trying their thrvats in buried, are walking about in their winding-sheets the groves of Eden: insects of a thousand dyes Oh, Jerusalem! proud even in thy day of doon, al sported in the rays of the declining sun, and the this very time the eagle of Titus is pluming are continuous hum from the whole animate creation wings to sweep eastward. The crowning act us rose, an acceptable anthem in the ear of their great committed—the week is ended—and to an inlistuCreator. It was towards evening,
ated nation has come, at last, its Saturday Night Blessed that eve! The Sabbath's harbinger, when, all complete,
Century upon century has rolled away. In freshest beauty from Jehovah's hand,
sun, the moon, and her glittering sisters, still keep Creation bloomed; when Eden's twilight face sentinel as they did of old over Eden. On that Smiled like a sleeping babe. The voice divine A holy calm breathed o'er the goodly work;
soil once pressed by hallowed feet, the descendants Mildly the sun, upon the loftiest trees,
of the chosen people are now gathered from the Shed mellowly a sloping benm. Peace reign'd,
four winds of heaven,
Their temple so vlien de And love, and gratitude ; the human pair
stroyed by the idolater now stands in new strength Their orisons pour'd forth; love, concurd reign'd; and its burnished turrets pointing skyward, remind
them of the Hand which has brought them back to That seemeth with soft links to draw, and softer spells to the home of their ancestors. Other nations have
bind also sprung into being. Civilization and Chris-My heart, whose inmost thoughts in thee, a general echo
find ? tianity have stretched out their arms over land and while every warbling air that sweeps across thy tuneful sea. The sceptres of Superstition have crumbled
strings, like ashes. The idolater has thrown away his To me a different, yet sweeter, and tenderer cadence brings. gods, and the savage has come running from his Methinks it is because thy Lyre by nature tuned, and laught, native woods to welcome the triumphant progress Is simple as the wild bird's note, yet rich with gushing of human redemption.
thought : The long-expected day—the day to which there Blade, blossom, leaf, and bud, and flower, hill, valley, wood,
and stream, is no morrow-has at length come.
The sky, the clouds, the whispering breeze, have wak'd thy unnatural sights in the sky. Old men leaning on
musing dream. their staves, wipe their dim eyes and wonder. The bee, the bird, the butterfly, the lamb, the fawn at playStrange shapes flit from cloud to cloud, and sepul- The mother, and her fair young child, all sanctify thy lay. chral voices whisper along the hills. Frightened Yes, thou art Nature's Poetess ! 'tis there the secret lies, birds sweep through the air; and animals regard. The world out in the open air, is loveliest in thine eyesless of their food, stand amazed, and look up. The All fairy things that in it dwell, are fairer made by thee. blue heavens wither—the sun grows pale--the And while I read I feel that truth, blends with pure poesy.moon disappears—the stars fall from their towers For the Beauty born of thy musings, thou hast learnt on
Glowing, yet natural, it lends, to our daily paths a grace; like drunken men. The long week—the last day
nature's face. the last hour is ended : the last sand has dropped, Meanwhile, I owe thee much, and could the stranger-minand ushered in the SATURDAY NIGHT OF TIME.
strel, move Clinton, N. Y., May, 1841.
A. D. G. Some angel-lace, amid the skies, her gratefulness to prove
Sure thou should'st read thereon of gifts henceforward
given to thee, Forever flinging o'er thy dreams, sunlight, and melody.
And for thy Fame, could but my note, ever win aught from LINES,
Time would not throw my verse away, nor soon his charge TO AMELIA; OF LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY.
Eames's Place, June 1841. "I would give the world to melt one heart,
As thou hast melted mine." I know thee not, mine eye hath ne'er beheld thy form, or face,
MR. JEFFERSON: Tis only through thy Lyre's endeavor, that I thine image
BY MRS. ELIZABETH J. EAMES.
HIS INTERPRETATION OF THE CONSTITUTION.
wood glade ;
Metbinks thine own "Melodia," in truth should sit for thee,
A writer in the last April number of the MesOr thy " Fair Friend of Seventeen," might well a likeness be.
senger, under the signature of “A Native of VirI know not-yet to me thou art, (altho' a thing of air)
ginia,” cites two passages from Tucker's Life of All that is purely beautiful, and gloriously fair.
Jefferson, respecting that statesman's construction Often, and blandly o'er me steals the witchery of thy lay ;
of the Federal Constitution as plainly contradictory, Strange might hath its soft music, to bear my thoughts away
and one of which he considers to be grossly unjust Par to my native hills, and streams; to the lovely green to Mr. Jefferson.
As the biographer's attention has been repeatedly To all the sunny nooks, and haunts, wherein my childhood called to these passages, both publicly and pri
played : All pleasant, and all happy things; each pure joy-fount of vately, he feels himself constrained no longer to yore,
withhold the explanation sought, and to state in That I delighted so to drink, thou giv'st me back once more. more precise language, his understanding of this Yet thou bring'st no proud old tale of ball, and princely re
important part of Mr. Jefferson's constitutional
doctrines. Of glittering shrines, and palaces, of ruins dim, and gray; That the two passages, according to their obvious No proud romance of Beauty bright, no gorgeons scene of import, are repugnant and irreconcilable, the bioThese bear too much of worldliness, to touch my world-brought to his notice, near four years ago, by a
grapher readily admits. When they were first worn beartNor yet those sentimental lays, by affectation taught,
gentleman from North-Carolina, he said then what Nor hackney'd themes, of broken hearts, is in thy numbers he now repeats, that, atter having pronounced Mr. wrought.
Jefferson's construction of the Constitution to be Tell me then, Spirit of Delight! sweet minstrel of the heart-strict or liberal according as he conceived the naWhence is the magic skill that wakes, my spirit's gentler tional good would be best promoted by it,” he could part?
not consistently say, that “Mr. Jefferson always
favored a strict construction,” without limiting the from being incompatible, as some seem to suppose, terms to some particular parts of that instrument. that, in many cases, the existence of the one neHe cannot therefore, in fairness, avail himself of cessarily implies the existence of the other. Thos, the ingenious attempt of the Editor of the Mes- where the powers of the General Government and senger to reconcile the two passages, by laying of the State Governments discharge the same stress on the word “favored;" but must frankly ad- functions, and consequently, are more or less in mit this to be one of those cases of inadvertence, conflict, those whose political principles incline which it is not easy to avoid in a work of great them to construe the powers of the Federal Go. length. Happy would he be, if he could believe vernment with strictness will, on that very account, this were the only instance.
construe the powers of the State Governments with In extenuation of his fault, the biographer must liberality. We see, for instance, that many of the add that the limitation which he failed to express, professed advocates for strict construction, who he distinctly had in his mind. He was speaking deny to the General Government the power to esof a question of power between the Federal Gov- tablish a National Bank, under a liberal construe. ernment and the State Governments—that of con- tion of the power to coin money and determine the structing roads—and it was in reference to this value thereof, or that of regulating commerce, feel class of questions, that he meant his remark to ap- no scruple in allowing the States to establish State ply. Believing as Mr. Jefferson did, that the Banks, and thus by these institutions indirectly grant of power to the General Government was as emit bills of credit, which they are forbidden by liberal as was consistent with civil liberty and pub- the Constitution to do directly. Nor have we seen lic safety, and that its tendency was to enlarge its many examples of a more liberal construction than own powers, he, in all questions between the rights has been given to the clause, which prohibits States and powers of the General and State Governments, from passing laws that impair the obligation of inclined to a strict construction of the former. contracts, by men calling themselves strict construc
With this qualification of the last passage, it is tionists. These terms, therefore, which are so ofnot inconsistent with the first; and it remains to be ten used in an absolute sense, are altogether relaseen whether that first passage, which says he was tive; and it will generally be found that he who, in occasionally liberal, as well as strict, in construing relation to the power distributed between these two the Constitution, does him injustice. On this ques parts of our divided sovereignty, estimates the portion, without referring to Mr. Jefferson's official tion granted to one part with strictness, is sure to esacts to discover his rule of interpretation, we for- timate the part granted to the other, with liberality. tunately have the direct evidence of his own ex- But some who regard strictness of construetjon press declaration. In his letter to Mr. Sparks of as an end—as something good in itself, and not as Feb. 4, 1824, (Jeff. Correspondence, vol. iv. page a means of good-not able to reconcile some of 391,) and which is quoted in the Biography, as the Mr. Jefferson's official acts, such as his ratification foundation for the obnoxious remark; he says, in of the Louisiana purchase, with such striciness of Speaking of colonizing people of color, an object construction, endeavor to defend his political pealways near his heart, “I ar
am aware that this sub-rity, according to their own arbitrary standard, by ject involves some constitutional scruples. But a the plea of necessity. They urge that while he liberal construction, justified by the object, may go would not allow himself, in any case, to give a free far, and an amendment of the Constitution, the exposition of the Constitution, he might, in C35€ whole length necessary.” This passage is conclu- of extreme urgency, disregard it altogether. To sive to show that he thought we were justified in this it may be answered, that the question of strict giving a more or less liberal construction of the or liberal construction is of little moment, if the Constitution, according to the utility of the object ; Constitution may be violated on the ground of moral for he thought, no doubt, that the same considera- necessity ; of which the agent is to be the judge tion of the national good which sanctioned a strict that one of the main advantages of a written Cooconstruction in one class of questions, equally sanc- stitution and of the oaths to support it, is to estioned a liberal construction in another.
clude this, the tyrant's plea; that the alleged neIn this course Mr. Jefferson was not singular. cessity of the Louisiana purchase amounted calv He acted in conformity with the common sense of to strong inducements, about which the minds on mankind, which in the interpretation of every law men were then much divided ; and that whai Nr. and rule of actions, is obliged, from the imperfec. Wilson Nicholas and others confessedly did witbtion of language and the impossibility of foreseeing out purposely violating their oaths, Mr. Jefferson every case that may arise under the law, sometimes might be supposed to have done, without violatag to narrow, and sometimes enlarge the meaning of its his: And lastly, that if the necessity had been of words, so as best to fulfil the purposes of its framers. such a palpable and resistless character as to CI
In the use of these terms, “strictness,” and cuse the overleaping all Constitutional restraints is “ liberality” of construction, there seems to be that case, the same plea could not be urged in de some confusion of thought. The two are so far fence of several other acts and opinions of Mr.
GEO: W. TURNER.
Jefferson. It could not defend him for assenting
When round the heart love's tendrils close entwine, to the repeal of the Judiciary Law, enacted in the The plighted faith just sealed at Hymen's shrine,
And bliss seems nighlast moments of his predecessor's term, by which
When all around is gaiety and ease, Congress, which was prohibited by the Constitu
And pleasure's self seems all intent to pleasetion from lessening the salaries of the judges, lest Or when Ambition bids us look on high, it should impair their independence, was allowed to To Fame's proud Temple low'ring to the skytake them away altogether. No such necessity
When worldly glory fills the aspiring soul,
A tyrant stern, whose sway defies controlcould be alleged in favor of the Cumberland Road,
'Tis Death to die. by which, a power otherwise unconstitutional, he thought might be lawfully exerted by Congress,
But when bright hope has set in black despair,
And stripp'd of comfort, gnawed by galling care, with the assent of three States. Nor would the plea
We heave the sighavail to justify his plan suggested to Mr. Eppes of When the true friend of ail on earth most dear, allowing the General Government to carry on the The friend in joy or grief, in gloom or cheerbanking business in each State, whenever it could Resigns his breath, and leaves us but to mourn obtain the assent of such State, separately and
The sacred tie of friendship, rudely torn
When stern reality bursts on the sight, individually.
Shows the vain world, to ignorance so bright, These and other instances of liberal construc
A rayless gloom, the grave of every joy, tion, as well as the acquisition of Louisiana, were The home of phantoms busy to annoyjustified by Mr. Jefferson on precisely the same
Who would not die? ground as he justified other cases of strict construction,-giving to the Constitution that interpretation which, in his eyes, would best promote the public good, and fulfil the purposes of that instruHe knew that both strictness and liberality
CORPORAL PUNISHMENT: of construction were equally deviations from the obvious and ordinary acceptations of language, and ITS USE IN THE DISCIPLINE OF CHILDREN. that the same considerations which authorized one, Law, I take it, is essential to the welfare,-nay, equally authorized the other. This rule of inter- even to the existence of society. Law, Blackstone prelation conforms to the common sense and com- defines "a rule of action prescribed by the Sumon practice of all mankind, except technical law- preme Power in the State, commanding what is Fers; and any other rule, from the impossibility of right and prohibiting what is wrong." And he foreseeing, in the infinite combinations of human adds, that to law—there must be a penalty or sancconcerns, every case that may arise, and the impos- tion annexed. Without this it is a mere caput sibility of providing for them in language that all mortuum, brutum fulmen ;-for, it is vain to commen would understand alike, even if they were mand or prohibit, unless you have in your hands foreseen, must sometimes convert the wisest con- the means of enforcing your authority. stitutional provisions into absurdities, and what Corporal punishment acts chiefly on the body. were meant as wholesome restraints into fetters Now children as they are less capable than adults that sooner or later would be too galling to be borne. of being governed by reason, must be the more
In conclusion, the biographer returns his thanks governed by bodily punishment. When the child for the very kind and courteous remarks with which becomes a youth, perhaps confinement and reproof these strictures were qualified, and which were will answer, and when the youth comes to manhood not the less felt because they were not sooner you may rely on argument alone. acknowledged.
T. It is objected, that whipping is degrading. But July, 10, 1841.
great men, heroes, conquerors and philosophers have been whipped. It is an ancient and approved
practice. Milton, one of the proudest spirits that THOUGHTS OF DEATH.
ever lived, was whipped at school. The mother On hearing a young lady observe : “ The thoughts of Death of Bonaparte, when asked if she ever found it has always terrors for me.”
necessary to whip the young Napoleon, replied, In youth's bright hour, when the pure soul is warm, "yes, I often switched him soundly.” Lord Byron And every object wears a borrowed charm
was subject to the like discipline both at home and Unto the eye, When not one hope has ever yet deceived,
at school. And all its promises are still believed ;
As the mind is superior to the body, so the The guileless heart from all suspicion free,
punishment of mind is more degrading, than the "That what is fair, could ever faitbless be;
punishment of the body. Rests all secure where'er it sees a smile,
Besides, flagellation is compendious and economiAnd deems it treason e'en to think there's guile,So bright those hours, so free from every care,
cal of time. It is refreshing—composes the wanTho' innocence like this hath nought to fear,
dering thoughts, brightens the wits, quickens the We dread to die.
animal spirits and braces the nerves. It is a sort