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entailer, may be more useful to learning than the larger collections of Europe. Thil may be sufficiently answered by applying another and the most satisfactory method of testing the real value of our libraries; which is to take some works of acknowledged learning and importance, and inquire what books were necessary for their composition, and how many of them our public libraries can furnisb. This process, it will be seen, is a tedious one. I bave, however, pursued it in reference to a considerable number of books oo a variety of subjects. Some of the results thus obtained may be stated in a few words, and they are fair specimens of all the others.

In Mr. Wheatou's History of International Law—a production which reflects great credit upon American talent and scholarship, and which procured for its lamented author the honor of election to the French Institute—139 works are referred to in the notes. A much larger number were, of course, consulted, many of which are mentioned in the body of the work. Thirty-nine among tbe most important and expensive of those which are formally cited, are not to be found in the largest law libraries in tbe United States. More than one-half of the remainder are common books, to be found in any well selected general library of 5,000 volumes. This work was written in Europe. It could not hare been written in this country from the materials contained in our public libraries.

If we take a book of a different kind, demanding for its composition a thorough knowledge of the history of one of the physical sciences, and, consequently, requiring the assistance of authorities less accessible and of less general importance, tbe result will he all the more striking.

In the first volume of lloefer's History of Chemistry, 251 works arc referred to. Of these, about fifty are common books, to be found in almost any library of 5,000 volumes. Of the remaining 191, I cannot find 75 in all our public libraries.

The plan of our Institution contemplates the publication of a series of reports on the' condition and progress of various branches of knowledge, prepared by collaborators who are to be furnished with all the journals, domestic and foreign, necessary to aid them in their labors. Such reports, if properly prepared, will be very useful. We need merely refer, for illustration, to those published by the Swedish Academy. But the preparation of them will require the purchase of a great number of books which are not at present to be found in our public libraries. This will be made manifest by a few facts. Of 38 publications, mostly periodical, referred to in a late report of Berzelius on the progress of chemistry, I can find but 13 in our public libraries.

Mr. J. R. Bartlctt informs me that of 204 works which he refers to in his report on the progress of ethnology, 129 are not to be found in the public libraries of New York, nor in any others probably in the United States. The cost of the books which, in order to prepare his work, he bad to procure at his own expense, was S 1,000. Aned yet this report is only a pamphlet of 151 pages.

From these facts it is manifest that there is no exaggeration in the language of one of the members of our Board of Regents, from South Carolina, who, in a report lo tho Senate in 1836, stated that "our libraries whole body of literature, if collected in one place, would not afford the means of investigating one point of science or literature through all, or even a considerable portion of what has been written on it." Here, he adds, "where the foundations of government repose on the aggregate intelligence of the citizens, the assistance afforded by public institutions te the exertions of intellect is but one-tenth of that within the reach of the mind of civilized Europe."

The complaints of our schalars testify to our deGciency. Their wants have weighed heavily upon them. They have repressed genius. They may have condemned to oblivion names that would have rivalled the brightest in the history of science and letters. 1 might mention, it is true, Americans who have ranked among the most learned of the world. But they, like others less renowned, have had sorrowful experience of the deficiency of which we complain. They, however, iu most instauces, have, from their own private wealth, supplied the defects of public provisions. Had they been poor they would not generally have been the authors they were. They could not have had access to the necessary books, had they not possessed the wealth for buying them, or for crossing the Atlantic to consult them where they were already accumulated. The pages of our literary journals, the eloquent speeches elicited in Congress by the bills to establish the Smithsonian Institution, and the united voices of the friends of good letters troughout the land bear sad and unvarying testimony to our déficiences.

Now, to supply these wants, or, in other words, to place American students on a footing with those of the most favored country of Europe, is the design of the Smithsonian Library.

We have, as yet, been able to make no purchases, except of those books which were of immediate and indispensable importance to the officers of the Institution, including the Buildiog Committee. It is profoundly to be regretted that we were not in a position to avail ourselves of the extraordinary opportunities for the purchase of books which have been offered in Europe during the last eight months. In May or June last, or even later, in September and October, more valuable books could have been purchased, it is said, for five thousand dollars than at ordinary times for fifty thousand. I felt it my duty to lay before the committee, last summer, the facts which 1 had collected on this subject, and to express the earnest hope tbat we might be able to profit by the juncture; but the financial arrangements of the Board, entered into tor the purpose of completing the building, prevented any immediate appropriation for this purpose. It is gratifying to know, that although this profiting must be lost to us in particular, our country will share in it, through the exertions of the gentleman to whom—most fortunately for American scholarship — lias been entrusted the task of selecting and purchasing a large library for our chief city.

By a decision of the Regents, the income of the Institution, which, after the completion of the building, will amount, it is hoped, to nearly S. 40,000 per annum, will be permanently divided between two great methods of increasing and diffuting knowledge which had been proposed and discussed; the one by publications and original research , the other by collections in literature, science, and art. The sare of money which, in accordance with this arrangement, will fall to the library, will not be sufficient to enable it to meet at once the demands of our expectant scholars. It will be many years before their wishes can be fully gratified; but iu the meantime, by a wise expenditure of the funds, and by other assistance which our arrangements provide for, it is hoped that the library will be such as to afford great aid to learning.

The plan ol collecting the library is as follows:

1. To purchase such books as may be needed by the various officers of the Institution, and by persons preparing memoirs and reports for our publications, or engaged in researches under the direction of the Secretary.

2. To procure such works as may be required to render the Institution a centre of bibliographical reference.

3. To procure a complete collection of the memoirs and transactions of learned societies throughout the world, and an entire series of the most important, scientific, and literary periodicals. The continuation of these may be obtained iu exchange for our own publications.

4- The remaining funds of this department will be devoted to the purchase of books of general importance; at first, most especially those which are not to be found in other libraries of the country.

In pursuance of this plan, 1 have been occupied in making lists of books to be purchased.

(Fortsetzung folgt.)

Uebersicht der neneeten Utteratnr.

DEUTSCHLAND.

Adler, С, Midas-Rötscher v. Berlin u. Dr. Wollbeim, der Zoilo-Thersiies v. Hamburg beleuchtet, gr. 8. Berlin. n. 6 Ngr.

d'AltOD, Prof. Dr. Ed., Handbuch der inenscbl. Anatomic Mit Abbildgn. nach der Natur gezeichnet vom Verf., geschn. v. Ed. Kretzschmar.

I. Bd.: Anatomie der Bewegnngswerkzeiige. 4. Lfg. hoch 4. Leipzig.

(à) 1 Thlr.

Archiv für das Studium der neueren Sprachen u. Literaturen, linter be

sond. Mitwirkg. von Rob. Iiiecke a. Heinr. Viehoff brsg. v. Ludw.

Herrig. 6. Bd. 4 Hfie. gr. 8. Braunschweig. n. 2 Thlr. f. die Geschichte der Bepublik Graubünden. Hrsg. von Th. v.

Mohr. 1. Bd. 2. Hft. gr. 8. Cbur. 22 Ngr.

Aschenbrenner, Dr. M., die neueren Arzneimittel u. Arzneibereitungs

forinen in. vorzügl. Berücksiebt, d. Bedürfnisses praktischer Aerzte

bearb., u. bevonvortet т. Dr. A. Siebert. 2. verin. Aufl. gr. 16.

Erlangeu. n. 1 Thlr. 2 Ngr.

Bähring, Bernb., Thomas v. Kempen, der Prediger der Nachfolge Christi.

Nach seinem äusseren u. inneren Leben dargestellt, gr. 8. Berlin.

1 Thlr. 22% Ngr.

Beidtel, Prof. D. Ign., das canonische Recht betrachtet ans dein Standpunkte des Staatsrechts, der Politik, d. allgem. Gesellscbaftsrechts n. der seit dem J. 1848 entstandenen Staatsverhältnisse, gr. 8. Regensburg. 2 Thlr. 15 Ngr.

Beiträge, Wetzlar'scbe, f. Geschichte n. Rechtsalterthümer, hrsg. v. Dr. Paul Wigand. 3. Bd. 2. Hft. gr. 8. Wetzlar. (à) n. 20 Ngr.

Bock, Prof. Dr. Carl Ernst, Lehrbuch der palholog. Anatomie u. Diagnostik. 2. verm. Aufl. gr. 8. Leipzig. 2 Thlr. 20 Ngr.

Domrich, Prof. Dr. Ottomar, die psychischen Zustände, ihre organ. Verinittelung u. ihre Wirkung in Erzeugung körperlicher Krankheiten, gr. 8. Jena. n. 2 Thlr.

Eichwald, Dr. (Ed.) v., zweiter Nachtrag zur Infusorienkunde Russlands. [Aus d. Bull, der naturforsch. Gesellscb. in Moscau. Bd 21.] gr. 8. Moscau. n. 20 Ngr.

Ellinger, Dr. H., über die antbropolog. Momente der Zurechnungsfähigkeit. Neue Ausg. gr. 8- St. Gallen. n. 24 Ngr.

Fontes rerum Austriacarum. Oesterreichische Geschieht* - Quellen. Hrsg. v. d. bistor. Commission der kais. Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien. II. Abth.: Diploinataria et acta. 1. Bd. Diiilomatarium roiscellum sec. XIII. A. u. d. T.: Urkunden zur Geschichte v. Oesterreich, Steiermark, Kärnten, Krain , Görz, Triest, Istrien, Tirol. Aus d. J. 1246—1300. Aus den Originalen d. к. k. Haus-, Hof

II. Staats-Archives hrsg. v. Jos. Chmel. gr. 8. Wien. n. 1 Thlr. Frank, Privatdoc. Dr. Martell, systematisches Lehrbuch der gesamimen

Chirurgie entb.: die chirurg. Krankheiten, Chirurg. Anatomie, äusserlich gebrauchten Arzneimittel, Operations-, Instrumenten-, Maschinen- u. Yerbandlehre. In 2 Bdn. in. etwa 400 eingedr. Holzschn., zum Gebr. f. Studirende, prakt. Aerzte u. Wundärzte, nacb dein neuesten Standpunkte dieser Disciplinen bearb. 1. Bd. Lex.-8. Erlangen. n. 3 Thlr. 14 Ngr.

Gaal, Dr. Gust. ▼.. physikalische Diagnostik u. deren Anwendung in der Medicin, Chirurgie, Oculistik, Otiatrik u. Geburtshilfe, entb.: Inspection, Mensuration, Palpation , Percussion u. Aussultatinn, nrbst einer kurzen Diagnose der Krankheiten der Athmunes- u. Kreislaufsorgane. Anhang: Die mikroskopisch - ehem. - patholog. Untersuchung т. Dr. Jok. Fl Heller. 2. Aufl. Mit 2 lith. Taf. n. (eingedr.) Hulischn. gr. 8. Wien. 2 Thlr.

litt, Dr. Hanns Bruno, u. Major Aug. v. Sutbier, die Versteinernegen d. Zecbsteingebirges в. Rothliegenden od. des prrmischrn Sy■temes in Sachsen. 2- Hfc. A. u. d. T.: Die Versteinerungen des Rothliegendeu in Sachsen, топ Лид. v. Gulbier. Mit 12 Steindrtaf. Imp.-4. Leipzig. n. 3 Thlr. 20 Ngr.

Gensler, Prof. Dr. Heinr. Gottfr. Phil., deutsche Rechtsgeschichte im Grundrisse. 1. Hft. Lex.-8. Erlangen. 1 Thlr.

Gmelin, Prof. Leop , Handbuch der Chemie. 4. umgearb. u. renn. Aufl.

30 Lfg., enth.: V. Bd. Bog. 1—12- gr. 8. Heidelberg. n. 24 .Ngr. Grässe, Dr. Job. Geo. Thdr., Handbuch der allgcm. Literaturgeschichte zum Selbststudium u. f. Vorlesungen. Ein Auszug ans des Verf. grösserem Lrhrbuche der allgeni. Literärgeschichte. 4. Bd. (Geschichte der Literatur der neueren u. neuesten Zeit.) 3. Hft. gr. 8. Leipzig. 1 Thlr. 22^ Ngr.

Handworterbuch der Chemie u. Physik. III. Bd. 1. Hälfte. I Rho.

Mit eingedr. Holzschn. gr. 8- Berlin. n. 2 Thlr.

Bartig, Prof. Dr. Th., Lehrbuch der Pflanzenkunde in ihrer Anwendung auf Forstwirthschaft. I. Abth.: Vollständige Naturgeschichte der forstlichen Cultur-Pflanzen Deutschlands. 13. Hft. er. 4. Berlin.

n. 1 Thlr. 15 Ngr.

Hengstenberg, Prof. Dr. E. W., die Offenbarung des heil. Jobannes für solche, die in der Schritt forschen, erläutert. 1. Bd. jrr. 8. Berlin.

2 Thlr. 20 Ngr.

Heppe, Dr. Heinr., die Restauration des Katholizismus in Fulda, auf dem Eichsfelde u. in W'ürzburg. Urkundlich dargestellt, gr. 12- Marburg. 25 Ngr.

Has, Jon., Briefe [geschrieben zu Konstanz 1414—151 Nach dem bohm. Urtext hrsg. u. in. Anmerkgn. vergeh, т. Perd. В. Mikowec. Ьг. 8. Leipzig. 9 Ngr.

Kaiserchronik, die, nach der ältesten Handschrift d. Stiftes Vorau. Aufgefunden , in. einer Einleitung, Anmerkungen u. den Lesarten der zunächst stehenden Hss. hrsg. v. Jos. Diemer. 1. Tbl.: Urtext, gr. 8. Wien. n. 2 Thlr. 20 Ngr.

Kenngott, Dr. Gust. Adf., mineralogische Untersuchungen. [1. Hft.J Mit 1 Steindrtaf. gr. 8. Breslau. n. 20 Ngr.

Kopp, Prof. Dr. Herin., Einleitung in die Kristallographie n. in die krystallograph. Kenntnis» der wichtigeren Substanzen. Mit e. Atlas f. 2t Knfrtaf. fin qu. 4.) u. 7 lith. Taf. (in Fol.), Netze zu Krystallmodellen enthaltend, gr. 8. Braunschweig. n. 3 Thlr. 20 Ngr.

Kopp, I. C, Geschichte der eidgenössischen Bünde. 4. Buch. Die burgundisehen Lande: Die Grafen v. Kiburg, v. Buchegg u. v. Neuenburg [mit Arberg, Nidau u. Strassberg]; Gotteshäuser u. Freie; die Städte Solothiirn, Freiburg u. Bern; Bischof u. Stadt Basel Jjnit Froburg u. Pfirt], Lausanne n. Genf; die Waadt, Savoien in. Faucigny und Hochburgund in. Mömpelgard ц. dem Delfiuate; bis zittu Jahre 1291. gr. a Leipzig. п. 1 Thlr. 20 Ngr.

Krohn, Dr. Aug., Beitrag zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Seeigellarven. [Mit 2 lith. Taf.] gr. 4. Heidelberg. n. 15 Ngr.

Lange, Or. Job. Pet., christliche Dogmatik. 1. Thl. A. u. d. T.: Philosophische Dogmatik. gr. 8. Heidelberg. n. 3 Thlr. 8 Ngr.

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