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deration, and on that full, perfect, and Let it be purified, or let it be set aside exhausting. In the few specimens from the Christian world; let it be put which we give, and the reader must re- out of the circle of human sympathies member that the whole of his speeches and human regards, and let civilized fill six octavo volumes, there will be man henceforth have no communion yet enough to judge of the effect of with it." the oratory of Daniel Webster. Sorry But yet on the 7th of March, 1850, enough must be the chronicler of thirty years afterwards, a space of time his life, to find that this oratory was which should have made so great a time-serving, and used both for and man wiser and more humane, he could against, that traffic which is the curse reverse all this, and plead for the Fugi. of America. In 1820, standing on Ply- tive Slave Bill. Well can we sympamouth Rock he declaimed as follows: thise with the indignation of Theodore
“I deem it my duty on this occasion to Parker on such a theme. suggest, that the land is not yet wholly “You know the Fugitive Slave Bill free from the contamination of a traffic, too well. It is bad enough now; then at which every feeling of humanity must it was far worse, for then every one of for ever revolt, -I mean the African the seventeen thousand postmasters of slave-trade. Neither public sentiment, America became a legal kidnapper by nor the law, has hitherto been able en that bill
. He pledged our Massachutirely to put an end to this odious and setts to support it, and that with alacabominable trade. At the moment rity. My friends, you all know the when God in his mercy has blessed the speech of the 7th of March--you know Christian world with a universal peace, how men felt when the telegraph brought there is reason to fear, that, to the dis- the first news. They could not believe grace of the Christian name and cha- the lightning; you know how the Whig racter, new efforts are making for the party and the Democratic party, and extension of this trade by subjects and the newspapers, treated the report. citizens of Christian states, in whose When the speech came in full you hearts there dwell no sentiments of know the effect. One of the most conhumanity or of justice, and over whom spicuous men of the State, then in high neither the fear of God nor the fear of office, declared that Mr. Webster seemed man exercises a control. In the sight inspired by the devil to the extent of his of our law, the African slave-trader is intellect.' You know the indignation a pirate and a felon: and in sight of men felt, the sorrow and anguish. I Heaven, an offender far beyond the or- think not a hundred prominent men in dinary depth of human guilt. There is all New England acceded to the speech. no brighter page of our history than But such was the power of that giganthat which records the measures which tic intellect that, eighteen days after his have been adopted by the government speech, 983 men of Boston sent him a at an early day, and at different times letter telling him that he had pointed out since, for the suppression of this trade; the path of duty, convinced the underand I would call on all the true sons of standing, and touched the conscience New England to co-operate with the of the nation; and they expressed to laws of man, and the justice of Heaven. him their entire coincidence in the If there be, within the extent of our sentiments of that speech,' and their knowledge or influence, any participa-heartfelt thanks for the inestimable aid tion in this traffic, let us pledge our- it afforded to the preservation of the selves here, upon the rock of Plymouth, Union." to extirpate and destroy it. It is not fit More than this, he declared that "disthat the land of the pilgrims should cussion on slavery ought to be supbear the shame longer. I hear the pressed," and at a dinner after the toast, sound of the hammer, I see the smoke and sentiment (?) of “ The Fugitive Slave of the furnaces where manacles and Law-on its execution depends the perfetters are still forged for human limbs. petuity of the Union,” Mr. Webster said I see the visage of those who by stealth distinctly, “You of the South have as and at midnight labour in this work of much right to secure your fugitive slaves, hell, foul and dark, as may become the as the North has to any of its rights artificers of such instruments of misery and privileges of navigation and comand torture. Let that spot be purified, merce." The audience answered this or let it cease to be of New England. with six-and-twenty cheers !!! This speech luckily for his fame, is not compared to Webster, were as a single printed in the six volume collection. maggot measured by an eagle. Look As we are upon this fugitive slave ques. at his speeches; look at his forehead; tion, we may as well quote, from a look at his face. The 293 delegates powerful authority, the reason of this came together and voted. They gave total abandonment of principle in Web- him thirty-three votes, and that only ster. We do it the more readily, as it is once ! Where were the men of the from the pen of an enthusiastic admirer lower law,' who made denial of God and one of his own countrymen : the first principle of their politics
“ Here is the reason. He wanted to where were they who in Faneuil Hall be President. That was all of it. He scoffed and jeered at the higher law?' must concilate the South. This was —or at Capron Springs who laughed' his bid for the Presidency—50,000 when he scoffed at the law higher than square miles of territory and 10,000,000 the Virginian Hills ? Where were the of dollars to Texas; four new Slave kidnappers ? The lower law' men, States; slavery in California and New and the kidnappers, strained themselves Mexico; the Fugitive Slave Bill; and to the utmost, and he had thirty-three 200,000,000 of dollars offered to Vir- votes. Where was the South ? Fiftyginia to carry free men of colour to three times did the Convention ballot, Africa.
and the South never gave him a vote. * He never so laboured before, and No. Not one! Northern friends—I he was always a hard-working man. honour their affection for the great man, What speeches he made at Boston, New there was nothing else left in them for York, Philadelphia, Albany, Buffalo, me to honour-went round to the South Syracuse, Anapolis! What letters he and begged for the poor and paltry pitwrote! His intellect was never so ac- tance of a seeming vote in order to tive before, nor gave such proofs of such break the bitterness of the fall! They Herculean power.
The fountains of went with tears in their eyes, and in his great deep were broken up-he mercy's name asked that crumb from rained forty days and forty nights, and the Southern Board. But the cruel brought a flood of Slavery over this South—treacherous to him she beguiled whole land; it covered the man ket, and to treason against God-she answered, the factory, and court-house, and ware- Not a vote! house, and the college, and rose high We turn from such a humiliating up over the tops of the tallest steeples ! lesson, deeper from the contrast, to a But the ark of freedom went on the speech on the Presidential Protest, deface of the waters-above the market, livered in 1837, which is replete with a above the court-house, above the factory, manly good sense which does honour to over the college, higher than the tops of the statesman, and which contains a the tallest steeples, it floated secure-lesson to the ultra reformers of any for it bore the religion that is to save country or time. the world, and the Lord God of Hosts “Nothing is more deceptive or more had shut it in."
dangerous than the pretence of a desire But the time came when this venal to simplify government. The simplest but great man should be punished for governments are despotisms; the next his venality, when the misery which he simplest, limited monarchies; but all had been the powerful instrument to repúblics, all governments of law, must bring to the homes of the coloured po- impose numerous limitations and qualipulation of America, should be brought fications of authority, and give many to himself. The "juggling fiend” that positive and qualified rights. In other "paltered to the sense,” like other fiends words they must be subject to rule and of unholy ambition, broke it to the regulation,—this is the very essence of promise, all his vaulting ambition had free political institutions. The spirit overreached itself, and he fell indeed. of liberty is indeed a bold and fearless
“But what was the recompense? Ask spirit; but it is also a sharp-sighted Massachusetts—ask the North. Let the spirit; it is a cautious, sagacious, farBaltimore convention tell. He was the seeing intelligence; it is jealous of engreatest candidate before it. General croachment, jealous of power, jealous Scott is a little man when the feathers of man.
It looks before and are gone. Fillmore, you know him. after, and building on the experience of Both of these, for greatness of intellect, ages which are past, it labours diligently for the benefit of ages to come. their batteries on some useless abstracThis is the nature of constitutional lition, some false dogma, or some gratuitberty; and this our liberty if we will ous assumption. Or, perhaps, it may rightly understand and preserve it
. be more proper to say, that they look at Every free government is naturally it with microscopic eyes, seeking for complicated, because all such govern- some spot, or speck, or blot, or blur, ments establish restraints as well on and if they find anything of this kind, the power of government itself as on they are at once for overturning tho that of individuals. If we will abolish whole fabric. And, when nothing else the distinction of branches and have will answer, they invoke religion and but one branch; if we abolish jury speak of a higher law. Gentlemen, trials and leave all to the judge ; if we this North Mountain is high, the Blue then ordain that the legislator himself Ridge higher still; the Alleghany higher be that judge; and if we place the ex- than either; and yet this higher law ecutive power in the same hunds, we ranges farther than an eagle's flight may readily, simplify government. We above the highest peaks of the Allemay easily bring it to the simplest of ghany: No common vision can disall possible forms, a pure despotism. cern it; no conscience, not transcen
In the same speech there is a figure dental and ecstatic, can feel it; tho which has often been quoted, but which hearing of common men never listens is so beautiful that we shall lay it be- to its high behests; and therefore one fore our readers. It is, the reader will should think it not a safe law to be perceive, an expansion of a well-known acted on, in matters of the highest expression, but more beautiful than the practical moment. It is the code, original; Webster is speaking of Eng- however, of the fanatical and factious land as a power
to which Rome in the abolitionists of the North. height of her glory is not to be com- “ The secessionists of the South take pared; a power which has dotted over a different course of remark. They are the surface of the whole globe with her learned and eloquent; they are anipossessions and military hosts, whose mated and full of spirit; they are highmorning drum-beat, following the sun, minded and chivalrous ; they state and keeping company with the hours, their supposed injuries and causes of circles the carth with one continuous and complaint in elegant phrases and exunbroken strain of the martial airs of alted tones of speech. “But these comEngland."
plaints are all vague and general. I It was such passages as this which confess to you, gentlemen, that I know caused men to hang delighted on the no hydrostatic pressure strong enough lips of Webster, and another cause was to bring them into any solid form, in his thorough nationality, which, like which they could be seen or felt. They that of Shakespere, seemed ever to per- think otherwise, doubtless. But, for vade his words, for America, the one one, I can discern nothing real or wellwhole and undivided nation, he would grounded in their complaints. If I have perilled everything,-how well he may be allowed to be a little profescould declaim on the beauties of union, sional, I would say that all their comthe following, from a speech at a dinner plaints and alleged grievances are like given to him in 1851, and at which Sir a very insufficient plea in the law; H. Bulwer was present, will testify: they are bad on general demurrer for
“ The support of the Union is a great want of substance. But I am not dispractical subject, involving the pros-posed to reproach these gentlemen, or pects and glory of the whole country, to speak of them with disrespect. I and affecting the prosperity of every prefer to leave them to their own reindividual in it. We ought to take a Hections. I make no arguments against large and comprehensive view of it; to resolutions, conventions, secession look to its vast results, and to the con- speeches, or proclamations. Let these sequences which would flow from its things go on. The whole matter, it is overthrow. It is not a mere topic for to be hoped, will blow over, and men ingenious disquisition, or theoretical or will return to a sounder mode of thinkfanatical criticism. Those who assail ing. But one thing, gentlemen, be the Union at the present day seem to assured of, the first step taken in the be persons of one idea only, and many programme of secession, which shall of them but half an idea. They plant | be an actual infringement of the Coustitution or the Laws, will be promptly adjusted to states, and a minister who met. And I would not remain an hour can secure the permanent approbation in any administration that should not of his own countrymen with as fair a immediately meet any such violation of renown abroad as was enjoyed by the Constitution and the Law effectu- Daniel Webster, has achieved as much ally, and at once."
glory as even the best politicians are The speech quoted, however, savours likely to obtain. of slavery, which was the rock upon The disappointment of defeat was which Webster split. He seems to poignant, and Webster lived not long have been a man supremely suited to after it, he went home to Marshfield to his age and country. An age which die, and died better in good honest worships intellect more than any other truth, than latterly he had lived. We age, and which also counts upon riches have not touched upon his private vices, as the greatest good. To lead it and nor will we; his neighbours loved him conquer its vanity and to guide it to a for his farmerlike manners and kindly higher aim, the great man should be presence and voice, and there are few gifted above all, with a fine conscience, more touching scenes than that which and a great heart, great in affection, follows: and greatest in all in his religion, and “ He had started small and poor, had his dependence on his God. Daniel Web- risen great and high, and honourably ster seems to have been in his last days fought his way alone. He was a farmer, little else than intellect, and intellect and took a countryman's delight in of the most busy and bustling kind country things in loads of hay, in without God, bending to expediency, trees, turnips and the noble Indian corn, be forgot the eternal law of right; in monstrous swine. He had a patritruckling for the Presidential chair, he arch's love of sheep-choice breeds gave an absolute negation to his nobler thereof he had. He took delight in speeches, and sought to aggrandize cows-short-horned Durhams, Herehimself by the misery of his fellows. fordshires, Ayrshires, Alderneys. He These are grave faults; but even those tilled paternal acres with his own more base in the eyes of the world, are oxen. He loved to give the kine fodder. laid to his charge. “A senator of the It was pleasant to hear his talk of oxen. United States,” says Theodore Parker, And but three days before he left the " he was pensioned by the manufac- earth, too ill to visit them, his oxen, turers of Boston. Their gifts in his lowing, came to see their sick lord, and hands, how could he dare be just as he stood in his door his great cattle His later speeches smelt of bribes." were driven up, that he might smell Alas! the student of history is not their healthy breath, and look his last comforted by recalling the rapacious on those broad generous faces that were ness of Raleigh, and the venality of never false to him.” Francis Bacon, or the blot which a We have told how he died, broken and bribe has fixed upon the name of Sid- worn with storms of state and wrecked ney. Webster is one more fallen from ambition, and after his death all his bright hopes and brilliant beginnings, backslidings were forgotten, and the one more example that the heaven people mourned for him as they might which “lies about us in our infancy,” for a great and mighty voice which and still glows in our youth and honest henceforth was to be silent amongst manhood, grows dark and sullen as we them. They showed respect in every near the grave.
possible way, the ships lowered their Weighing well these facts, we shall Hags half-mast high, the papers went concur in the estimate given by one in mourning. who has no interest to praise or blame. Before the interment took place, the He presents a marked resemblance to body was removed to a lawn in front of Daniel O'Connell, but he enjoys this the mansion, and placed on a bior besuperiority of the great Agitator, that neath one of the large poplar trees, and he never seriously designed to lead his from nine to half-past one the assembled countrymen astray. ... He was beyond multitudes took a last look. The counall doubt an acute lawyer, an accom- tenance was serene and life-like. Two plished scholar, an experienced diplo- garlands of acorns and oak leaves, and matist and a great statesman. ... It two bouquets of flowers were placed on must be remembered that ministers are the coffin. Many shed tears and grieved for the loss, as for a departed father or ing of mourning was perceptible; the dear friend. The funeral procession ships of all nations lying along the contained no carriages, nor were there course of the north and east rivers disany ladies, but to such a length did it played their flags at half mast, and extend, that the corpse had reached the minute guns were fired throughout the grave before scarcely two-thirds had day. And so passed away from amongst left the house. The burial took place his people Daniel Webster, bearing exactly at half past two o'clock, and an once the proud title of “Expounder eloquent prayer was offered up by the and Defender of his Nation's Laws;" Rev. Mr. Olden, the parish minister. and if accomplishing little, yet reveThe funeral was attended by upwards renced as he was for his intellectual of 10,000 persons; among whom were power, leaving a great name which will Gen. Franklin Peirce, (now President,) long be heard of in America. Governor Massy, the Hon. Abbott Lawrence, the Hon. Edward Everett, Hurl'd into fragments by the tempest blast
The Rhodian monster lies; the obelisk the Hon. Charles Ashman, Chancellor That with sharp line divided the brond diso Jones, &c. The whole of the proceed. Of Egypt's sun, down to the sands was cast:
And where these stood, no remnant trophy stands, ings were solemn, appropriate, and And even the art is lost by which they rose; affecting. Mr. Webster was buried on Thus with the monuments of other lands, his own grounds, by the side of his Yet triumph not, o Time; strong towers decay,
The place that knew them, now no longer knows. children. “At New York a general feel. But a great name shall novor pass away!
THE CARICATURISTS. It is much to be regretted that to many | written about poetically? asked the minds certain objects which excite scoffers; and so they scofled down mirth, should be looked upon as weak, Wordsworth, whilst they allowed poetry frivolous, and beneath notice, as if He to a pirate as in “ Lara,” or a rake as raclitus were the true philosopher, and “Don Juan.” But Wordsworth won the Democritus none. Books which are battle which he fought, and brought amusing have been too often set down poetry to the humblest hearth, and we as the very reverse of instructive, and are rapidly winning ours. The truth is, dry uninteresting treatises have been that wisdom is sometimes clothed in deemed the proper garb of science. the jester's motley, and as deep morality Yet few dogmas have less of truth in and meaning lies in the gibes of the them than the foregoing ; Horace per- gravedigger, or the jests of Yorick, as ceived this long ago, and boldly asks, in the melancholy of Hamlet.
These remarks will perhaps be found “Ridentem dicere verum
necessary to introduce an article upon Quid vetat ?"
“ Caricature" in a work intended for and some bold spirits in our own day the student and the closet; we shall have absolutely made knowledge inte- find that many grave affairs have been resting, and planted flowers along the brought about by the pencil of a Gilray, dusty high way of the schools. At first and many a lesson taught by the etchthey were laughed at; one who amused ing point of a Cruikshank, whilst to his readers was declared not to be pro- the Historian, such notices illustrating found, just as Wordsworth, when he as they do a very important portion of called a bird a nightingale, and not our history, will not be found unin“ Philomel,” and left off styling the sun teresting. • Bright Phæbus,” or “ Apollo's golden But, whilst thus insisting upon the fire,” was thought by many to be very dignity of our paper, we must not unpoetical. A fault which he quadru. be thought to countenance in any way pled by writing, poetically, of “the Cum- undue, stupid and frivolous levity. A berland Beggar,“ “ the Idiot Boy," and wit of our own day has endeavoured “ the Female Vagrant." How could an to render history comic. The grand idiot, a vagrant and a beggar, things legends of Rome have been made the essentially unpoetical in themselves, be vehicle for word-play and pun ; and the