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a word from any quarter to elucidate the joke, but was even with him upon the enigma of Tom's absence. Time, another occasion. Sheridan had a cothowever, brings discoveries. Accord tage, about half a mile from Hounslow ingly when Smyth was about concluding Heath, Tom, being very short of cash, within himself that his existence had asked his father to let him have some been utterly forgotten both by Sheridan money. “I have none," was the prompt and his son, he received the following reply. “Be the consequence what it explanation of the state of things :- may, money I must have," said Tom.

** MY DEAR MR. SMYTH,—It is not " If that is the case,” rejoined the parent, I that am to be married, nor you. Set you will find a case of loaded pistols your heart at rest, it is my father him-up stairs, and a horse ready saddled in self; the lady, a Miss Ogle, who lives the stable; the night is dark, and you at Winchester; and that is the history are within half a mile of Hounslow of the Guilford business. About my Heath." "I understand what you own age- better me to marry her, you mean,” said Tom,“ but I tried that last will say. I am not of that opinion. night; I unluckily stopped your treaMy father talked to me two hours last surer, Peake, who told me that you had night, and made out to me that it was boon beforehand with him, and had the most sensible thing he could do. robbed him of every sixpence in the Was not this very clever of him? Well, world.” my dear Mr. S- , you should have Out of the many other anecdotes been tutor to him, you see. I am in-related of Sheridan and Tom, one or comparably the most rational of the two, two seem too good to be omitted. and now and ever, yours very truly and One day, just before Tom went affectionately, T. S."

| baroad, he was at his - father's house, Tom Sheridan is his father's own son. when the servant, in passing, inadvertWhile at Cambridge he was pronounced ently threw down the plate-warmer with to be the cleverest fellow in the place, a great crash, and thereby startled Tom's as in point of wit and fun he very nerves a good deal, he being then exprobably was. His father once said to ceedingly unwell. Sheridan, after furihim, “ Tom, you have genius enough ously scolding the servant who stood to get a dinner every day in the week at pale and frightened, at last exclaimed, the first tables in London, and that's and how many plates have you something, but that is all, you can go broken ?” “Oh, not one, sir !" anno further.” They thoroughly under-swered the fellow, delighted to vindistood each other; the son was equally cate himself. “And you fool," said complimentary to the father, as many Sheridan, “have you made all that noise oft-repeated anecdotes can testify. On for nothing !" Tom subsequently marone occasion, Tom complained, over the ried against his father's wishes, and bottle to him, that his pockets were thereby seriously offended him. The empty. “Try the highway," was the first time the two met after the marfather's answer. “I have," said Tom, riage, Sheridan informed Tom that he “ but I made a bad hit; I stopped a had made his will, and had cut him off caravan full of passengers who assured with a shilling. The son said he was me they had not a farthing, for they extremely sorry, but supposed he must all belonged to Drury Lane Theatre, submit to his fate, observing coolly, and could not get a penny of their “You don't happen to have the shilling salary.” Kelly tells a somewhat similar about you now, sir, do you?" whereupon story. He says that father and son old Sheridan burst out laughing, and were supping with him one night after they instantly became friends again. the Opera, at a period when Tom ex- Lord Holland mentioned to Moore a pected to get into Parliament; “I think curious scene which he had with Sheridan father," says he, “that many men who and the Prince of Wales (George IV.), are called great patriots in the House while the Whigs were in power. Sheof Commons are great humbugs. For ridan having told him (while they my own part, if I get into Parliament, waited in an ante-chamber) about some I will pledge myself to no party, but public letter which he had corrected or write upon my forehead, in legible cha- re-written for the Prince, the latter, on racters, To be let.'” “And under that, their admission, told quite a different Tom," said his father, “ be sure you story, referring to Sheridan for confirmawrite Unfurnished,'” Tom accepted tion of it, and who all the while courte

ously bowed assent; “so that,” said having, probably, for many days beset Lord Holland, “I could not for the the avenues of Drury Lane Theatre in soul of me, make out which was the the fruitless hope of seeing the proliar.Sheridan, in his latter days, used prietor. In the butler's room were the to be a good deal at Holland house, weary, anxious trades-people; there was where, as Lady Holland informed Moore, a vast deal of grumbling everywhere, inhe was in the habit of taking a bottle differently suppressed; each person had of wine and a book to bed with him some especial want which must be inevery evening—the former only intended stantly supplied. At every sound, most to be made use of. In the morning he eyes were directed to a particular door, breakfasted in bed, and had a little rum from which it was expected that the or brandy with his tea or coffee ; made man in such request, unless he stole his appearance between one and two, out unperceived, would in due time and pretending important business, used appear. At length the door opens, a then to set out for town, regularly stop-finely-toned voice is heard uttering someping, however, at the Adam and Eve thing which seemed to please somebody public-house for a dram. It is said in the interior, if a gentle laugh may there was even a long bill run up by enable the stander-by to form a judghim at the Adam and Eve, which Lord ment. Sheridan would then come out. Holland subsequently had to pay. There was something in his appearance,

After his marriage, Sheridan's life, even in the days of bis intemperance, from all that we can see, went on pretty that at once captivated all who saw him. much as theretofore. We have little His “fine Shaksperian head,” as John further to record, either of his private or Kemble was wont to call it, was bent public proceedings. An amusing inci- towards you with a gracious and bedent, which occurred on the opening of coming dignity. His brilliant eye, his the Parliamentary session of 1802, is winning smile, his trimly ordered hair, perhaps not altogether undeserving of his elegant careless costume, combined being noted. Pitt and Sheridan, enter- in forming a visible presence that was ing the House at the same moment equally attractive and commanding. walked up to the table, and took the He walked through the crowd of suitors oaths at the same time. The Premier, with an easy, unembarrassed air, bowwho was almost as careless in pecuniary ing courteously to each, and to each matters as his political opponent, fum- having something kind to say; and, as bled about in his pockets in the vague Boden tells, “so cordial were his manexpectation of finding two shillings ners, his glance so masterly, and his usually paid on such occasions, but address so captivating, that the people found nothing. He turned round to for the most part seemed to forget what Sheridan, who by some extraordinary they actually came for, and went away accident happened to have money, and as if they had come only to look at was actually able to be a lender, and so him.” It was not always, however, that relieve the prime minister from his tem- an interview could be obtained. A genporary embarrassment. Many were the tleman who was one day waiting, as he witticisms which sprung out of the trans- had been the day before, by appointaction. At the present date it were not an ment, in the parlour, observed another uninteresting historical inquiry-were gentleman walking about in a state of those two shillings at any time repaid? great excitement, and in a sort of at

Sheridan was for many years in the tempt to be civil to him, inconsiderately habit of holding a sort of regular levee, said, “A fine day, this, sir, I believe I for the multitude of visitors and appli- had the pleasure of seeing you here yescants that daily thronged his house. terday.” “Yesterday, sir!" returned the His suitors were distributed in various other. “Yes, sir, and so you might the rooms, according to their station, their day before, and any day for the last six intimacy or their business. Some had weeks; and if I have walked one yard, access to his private room, others loitered I have walked not less than fifty miles in the library, another party occupied on this confounded carpet.” And this the parlours. Up and down, with anger he said, “ grinding his teeth, his fist in his eye, paced some “infuriated cre- clenched, and pacing to and fro with ditor," as though resolutely bent to speak the appearance of a maniac." Doubt. his mind, and determined to suffer no less, some unlucky creditor, much further postponement of his claims- pressed to meet his own engagements.

Of Sheridan's procrastination and utter The destruction of Drury Lane thearecklessness of all economy, many stories ( tre by fire was a most momentous disare related. Professor Smyth states that aster for Sheridan, and doubtless preci. he was one morning waiting for him in pitated his affairs into that state of his ante-room, when casting his eye absolute ruin towards which they had upon a table covered with letters, manu- long been tending. When he heard of scripts, pamphlets and other miscella- the catastrophe he was in the House of neous papers, he observed that the Commons, and stoically remained there letters were mostly unopened, and that for some time engaged in the public even some of them in this state bad business. Afterwards he repaired to coronets on the seal. He remarked to Drury Lane; saw the entire destruction Mr. Westley, the treasurer of Drury of his property, but manifested great Lane, who was also waiting in the fortitude and composure. It is said, room, that Sheridan apparently treated that as he sat for awhile at the Piazza all alike,--wafer or coronet, pauper or Coffee House, taking some refreshment peer, the letters seemed equally un- during the fire, a friend of his having opened. “Just so," said the treasurer, remarked on the philosophic calmness “indeed, last winter I was occupying with which he bore his misfortune, myself much as you are doing now, and Sheridan answered, “A man may surely what should I discover but a letter from be allowed to take a glass of wine by myself, unopened like the rest—a letter his own fireside.” Moore discredits which I knew contained a £10 note. this story, but it may be readily adThe history was this: I had received mitted that it is not unlike the man, a note from Mr. Sheridan, dated Bath, On the dissolution of Parliament and headed with the words, Money after the session of 1812, Sheridan bound,' and entreating me to send him found himself without money to secure the first £10 I could lay my hands on. his re-election. The rest of his life This accordingly I did. In the mean was an accumulation of miseries and time I suppose some one had given him anxieties. His severe losses, his deep a cast in his carriage up to town, and involvements, embittered his declining his application to me had never more days, and hastened his melancholy end. been thought of; and therefore there Over the neglected wretchedness of his lay my letter, and would have continued last hours we will not linger. The to lie till the house-maid would have kindly, careless soul-its generous geswept it with the rest into the fire, if I nialities now all shrunken and defaced had not accidentally seen it.” Mr. -is at length left friendless in the days Smyth subsequently told this story to of his adversity. Arrested on his deathSheridan's valet, Edwards, and sug- bed for debt, he finally shuffles off this gested to him the desirability of looking mortal coil, and leaves his embarrassafter the letters. Edwards replied- ments behind him. In the bright July “What can I do for such a master ? weather of 1816, he died in quite abject The other morning I went to settle his condition; and they gave him a splendid room after he had gone out, and on funeral for compensation-royal and tbrowing open the windows, found them noble hands, that ministered not to his stuffed up with papers of different kinds, distress, bearing up the pall! He rests and among them bank notes; there had now in Westminster Abbey, our English been a high wind in the night, the Pantheon of great men. There have windows I suppose had rattled; he had been many greater, many worthier; but come in quite intoxicated, and, in the among the considerable men of the dark, for want of something better, eighteenth century, his country may stuffed the bank notes into the case-ljustly reckon him. Be his faults, then, ment; and as he never knows what he charitably scanned, and such virtues has in his pocket or what he has not, and rare endowments as he had cheerthey were never afterwards missed.” fully acknowledged and remembered.


MIGUEL DE CERVANTES SAAVEDRA. The peculiarities of national character the romancists, verily their name is are ever visibly impressed upon the na- “ Legion.” They offer to the attention tional literature. It is very interesting of the student å mine of unexplored to study the varied characteristics thus wealth; much that is worthless, proshadowed forth. In the literature of bably, but still, amid all, many fair England, we observe the practical com- jewels in their strange, wild incidents, mon sense, the high moral tone, the true and abounding wit and humour. and just sentiment which distinguish In the galaxy of Spanish authors, the English people; in that of France there is one“ bright and particular we are presented with a sparkling mir-star," that in brilliancy outshines all ror of a clever and volatile nation ; and the rest. Lope de Vega and Calderon the literature of Germany bears the are familiar names, but Cervantes is impress of the deep thought, poetical a “household word.” The works of feeling and delicious dreamy mysticism the former adorn our libraries, we study for which the German people stand pre- and admire them; but the Knight of eminent; for to them was given the La Mancha, and Sancho Panza, are "empire of the air.” Nor are the pro- enshrined evermore in our memories. ductions of Spanish writers less charac- “Don Quixote” has not only attained teristic. Standing as it were apart, in- an unrivalled popularity in Spain; it sulated amid the brotherhood of nations, has, moreover, achieved a world-wide but little visited by tourists, its inha- reputation, and found a welcome and a bitants not addicted to travel, Spain has home amongst all people in all classes, been, until quite lately, the country whatever their age or country. There least known to foreigners of all in can be no better proof of its intrinsic Europe. It might, therefore, be well worth than this. Some one has well imagined, that her literature should be said, that Genius is cosmopolitan; that still more striking in individuality, and its utterances are expressed in one rich in distinctive character.

broadly comprehensive and universal The people of Spain are generous and language : that its dictates are inscribed impulsive, proud beyond measure, truly, upon one fair and far-flashing scroll, passionate, impetuous, but hospitable to raised high in the sight of all the nastrangers, firm in friendship, and con- tions, like the unfurled banner of the stant in love. They have much of ori- regal night with the profusion of its ental indolence. Their conversation is starry splendours. We do, indeed, find tinged with eastern hyperbole. Their that the revelations of genius meet with devotion oversteps the bounds of intel- recognition and sympathy, not only in ligent belief; but, as a whole, they are the land where they first arose, but amid in truth a gallant and chivalric nation. all people, wherever there is a heart to These constituent elements of character love and appreciate, and a soul to comare admirably developed in the national prehend. literature, which is especially rich in The early history of MIGUEL DE CERballad poetry, in the drama and ro- VANTES SAAVEDRA is involved in some mance. As might be anticipated, the obscurity. His family, although poor, Spanish have but few writers on the appears to have been originally noble; logy and philosophy, although they pos- for according to the learned Marquis de sess an abundance of devotional works, Mondejar, it was equal in distinction to in the form of Guides and Manuals. any in Europe. Of little consequence Among the earliest valuable specimens this truly; we ever hold to our faith of Spanish literature, may be mentioned that genius is the best patent of nothe true spirit-stirring ballads illustra- bility, and shall not, therefore, trouble tive of the history of the Cid, already ourselves to trace our author's geneafamiliar to the English reader through logical tree, through interminable ramithe admirable translation of Mr. Lock-fications. The subject of our memoir hart. Spain has produced no really was the younger son of Rodrigo de Cergreat poet, if we except the dramatists; vantes, and his wife, Dona Leonor de although many of the effusions of Bos Cortinas. He was born in Alcala de can, Garcilaso, Mendoza, and Ponce de Henares, in October, 1547. Madrid, Leon, are exquisite in their way. As to Seville, and other cities, have disputed as to which of them might claim the it is most natural to conclude that his honour of having been his birth-place. instructions were anterior to this period; It seems, however, that he was baptized and that either as a private master, or on the 9th of October, in the parish out of Madrid, he had taught his celechurch of Alcala, dedicated to Santa brated scholar, so far as to call him Maria la Mayor. This fact has been with propriety his disciple, after he had established in the most authentic and been only eight months presiding in convincing manner-" del modo may the above-mentioned chair-aconjecture autentico y convincente.” It is sup- that admits of entire confirmation, it posed that the early education of Cer-being certain that Cervantes, as he has vantes was conducted beneath the pa. himself informed us, studied two years rental roof; but this is not certainly in Salamanca, and matriculated in that known. He displayed a deep Jove of University, and resided in the Calle de poetry and the drama from childhood; los Moros." Ilence bis intimate acand so great a passion for reading, that quaintance with the peculiar features he treasured carefully the torn frag- of that city and its student-life, so ments of written paper which he found graphically delineated in the second in the streets. Notwithstanding these part of the “Don Quixote," in the indications of the student, we ever fancy story of the “ Licentiate of Glass" and the young Cervantes, as a boy among other portions of his writings. His boys, simple, frank, good-natured, a first poetical efforts meeting with approhearty lover of fun, and ready at all bation, Cervantes was induced to give times for frolic and adventure

to the world further specimens in the Hlo studied grammar and the belles form of sonnets, romances, and a paslettres, under Juan Lopez de Hoyas, toral called “Filena," which has been a learned ecclesiastic of Madrid; and lost. made considerable progress while under These first flowerings of genius the tuition of this master, advancing doubtless attracted some notice in the also in the development of his poetical literary circles of Madrid. In the faculties. It appears that Juan Lopez, autumn of 1568, at the period of the “ being charged with the arrangement queen's funeral, Cervantes visited the of the histories, allegories, emblems and capital. About the same time the papal inscriptions, which were directed to be legate, Aquaviva, arrived, with compliplaced in the church of the Descalzas ments of condolence from Pope Pius Reales in celebration of the magnificent V. to Philip II., on the death of the obsequies of the Queen Isabel de Valois, Prince Don Carlos, who had perished in in that town, on the 24th of October, prison the previous July. The court of 1568, employed bis scholars in these Rome had also given instructions to compositions. Some were in Latin, and the legate, for the purpose of obtaining others in Castilian. Among these redress in some case in which the scholars, Cervantes was one of the most king's ministers had trespassed upon distinguished.” The history published the ecclesiastical jurisdiction. Neither by Lopez, detailing the circumstances of mission was agreeable to Philip. He the last illness, death, and funeral of had expressly commanded that no one this princess, contains many tributes to should presume to condole with him her memory from the pen of the young on the decease of his son, whose myspoet; and among these an elegy of con- terious death, so shortly followed by siderable merit, dedicated to the Car- that of the queen, gave much reason for dinal Espinosa, inquisitor general. In conjecture and suspicion. Certain it is the course of the work, Hoyas frequently that Monseignor Aquaviva received his refers to his pupil, affectionately desig- passport on the 2nd of December, with nating him as, “ su caro y amado dis- an order that he should depart for Italy cipulo.”

within sixty days. He did go accord. ** The common opinion has been that ingly, taking with him in his suite, as it was at Madrid that Cervantes prose-chamberlain, our Cervantes, who had cuted his studies with Juan Lopez; but probably gained his attention through considering that Lopez did not ob- his copy of verses dedicated to the Cartain the chair of grammar and belles- dinal Espinosa, for the legate was a lettres in that city until the 29th of decided lover of literature and delighted January, 1508, when Cervantes was to encourage genius. The young already more than twenty years of age, Spanish nobility considered it no de

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