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whomorto what, he was alluding. Why,'' “ It was the custom for each professor said Mr. Cooper, you don't mean to i to receive at his own house the fees from say that you are not my nephew, Astley the new pupils. One day Dr. Gregory, thus Cooper ? Really, sir, I have not the engaged, had used all his blank tickets, pleasure of knowing any such person. and was obliged to go into an adjoining My name is , of the----th," replied apartment to procure another for a the young scapegrace, naming with un- student whom he left sitting in his conflinching boldness, the regimentof which sulting-room. The accumulated money he wore the uniform. Mr. William Coo- was lying on the table, and from this per apologised, although still unable to sum, as he was re-entering the room, feel assured he was not being duped, he saw the young man sweep a portion, and bowing, passed on." Soon after the and deposit it in his pocket. Dr. detection of this very theatrical piece of Gregory took his seat at the table, and, imposition, which cannot fail to remind as if nothing had occurred, filled up the our readers of a precisely similar incident ticket, and gave it to the delinquent. in Bourcicault's comedy of “ London He then accompanied him to the door, Assurance," we are informed that the and, when at the threshold, with much articles of indenture were transferred emotion said to him, “I saw what you from Mr. William Cooper to Mr. Cline. did just now; keep the money. I know
This translation seems to have had what must be your distress; but, for a wonderfully salutary effect upon the God's sake, never do it again, it can youthful masquerader, and henceforth never succeed.' The pupil in vain offered iis genius for adventures appears to him back the money, and the Doctor have taken quite a new turn, and dis-had the satisfaction of knowing that played itself solely in the acquisition of this moral lesson produced the desired 6 subjects” for experiment. These con- impression upon his mind." sisted principally of purloined dogs, and After making a tour into the Highin the Life" already referred to, we lands on horseback, in the following are complacently furnished with several summer, Cooper returned to England, anecdotes of the reformed Astley's pains and resumed his attendance at the best taking system of scientifically torturing schools in the metropolis. He now these poor animals, which, however, studied under John Hunter, and that with a little more respect for the feelings eagerly, and with vast profit; and to his of our readers, we shall refrain from bold adoption and clever exposition of introducing here. Astley speedily ac- the doctrines of this illustrious preceptor, quired great favour with Mr. Cline for are mainly to be attributed the subsethe zeal and earnestness with which he quent distinguished rank which he himtook to the practice of dissection, and self took, and the fortune he made as erelong, under that great surgeon's tui- a lecturer and surgical teacher. In tion, he made rapid progress in all the 1789, he was appointed demonstrator knowledge requisite for his profession. at St. Thomas's Hospital; and in 1791, In the year 1787, being then nineteen Mr. Cline paid him the high compliyears of age, he spent one winter atment of procuring his nomination as Edinburgh. He had good introduc-joint-lecturer with himself in anatomy tions, and, besides attending diligently and surgery. From this date his career on Dr. Cullen's medical course, Fyfe's was one of rapid and uninterrupted adanatomical lectures, and Black's che- vancement. In December of this year, mistry, found time to be rather an active we hear of his marriage with a Miss member of the “Speculative Society,” | Anne Cock, the daughter of an inti. a debating club then and afterwards of mate friend of Mr. Cline, a rich retired considerable celebrity and influence. merchant, who inhabited a villa near His notes make us acquainted with some Tottenham, but who, strange to say, died of the connections he formed here, and upon the very day that had been first which must have been highly useful to settled for the wedding. Mr. Bransby bim. Amongst others, besides those of Cooper thus relates the sequel: “A short his medical teachers, he mentions the time subsequent to this bereavement the celebrated names of Dugald Stewart, friends of the young people considered it Adam Smith, Lord Meadowbank, and advantageous that their marriage should Charles Hope. Of Dr. Gregory, from a be no longer deferred. In December a variety of others, we select the follow-christening was to take place from the ing beautiful and touching anecdote. house of Mr. Cline, and he thought that this would afford an excellent opportu- and as practitioner, an eminence, which nity for his young friends to be united. for a man of his standing, is perhaps The marriage was solemnized, and they without a precedent. The next great afterwards retired, as if they had been step, however, the appointment as surmerely witnesses of the christening.geon to Guy's Hospital, met, in conseOn the evening of the same day, Mr. quence of his French politics, with conCooper delivered his surgical lecture with siderable opposition. But the difficulty all the ease of manner which charac- was overcome by his avowing his deterterized him on ordinary occasions, and mination to “relinquish the companionthe pupils dispersed without a suspicion ship and intimacy of his late democraof the occurrence. After lecture he went tical friends, and abandon for the future to the house in Jefferies-square, which all participation in the strife of politics Mr. Cock, promising to himself the hap- and party," a pledge to which he faithpiness of seeing his daughter surrounded fully adhered. Fortune seems to have with every comfort, had but a short delighted in favouring him, for about time before his decease purchased, and this time he also succeeded to a great furnished for them.” In June of the share of Cline's lucrative city practice, following year, the memorable 1792, the the latter having removed to the west happy couple proceeded to Paris. The end of the town. Mr. Cooper now occuobject of this nuptial excursion was, it pied the spacious premises in St. Mary would appear, in so far as Mr. Cooper Axe, which Cline had vacated; and as at least was concerned, twofold. Along yet, the great merchants of London, had with his friend Cline's anatomical in- not, generally speaking, abandoned the structions, he had also imbibed that old custom of having their town-resigentleman's peculiar political principles. dences in connection with their places of Cline was a democrat, living in friend business, he found himselfin the centre of ship with Horne Tooke, and Cooper was a most intelligent and opulent society, one of the most promising, and about and soon became accustomed to munithis time, probably one of the most en- ficent fees. For example, one ancient thusiastic of their disciples. His visit merchant, Mr. Hyatt, when pronounced to Paris, therefore, was, in the first place, all right again, tossed his night-cap to more with a view to gratify his curiosity the surgeon, who, bowing politely, put by attendance at the debates of the Na- it into his pocket, and, on entering his tional Assembly, &c.; and secondly, of chariot, found pinned inside a bank-note improving his professional knowledge for £1000 !-Others regularly paid him by comparing the Parisian practice of liberal annuities. A Mr.Coles, of Mincing surgery with our own, than for the sake Lane, for a long course of time, gave either of change or amusement. During him £600 every Christmas. While on the terrible three months he remained the subject of fees, it may be somewhat there, he is said to have attended the encouraging to struggling practitioners, hospitals daily, decorated with a demo- as well as interesting to our readers gecratic badge, which ensured his personal nerally, to insert here the following cusafety in the streets. He witnessed the rious statement from Sir Astley's fee10th of August and the 2d of September, book : and notwithstanding the many atrocities “My receipt," says he, “ for the first brought under his eye, his Parisian ex- year was £5 7s. ; the second, £26; the perience did not disturb his adhesion third, £64; the fourth, £96; the fifth, to Mr. Cline's political views. On the £100; the sixth, £200; the seventh, contrary, we learn upon good authority £400; the eighth, £610; the ninth, that on his return, he was “an active £1100, although I was a lecturer all steward of the festival of the Revolution the time on anatomy and surgery." In Society of London, in 1793.”
his later years, however, he is said to This circumstance, however, did not have made more money than any surinterfere with his being, in the very geon that ever lived before him. In same year, appointed to the professor- one year, 1815, his professional income ship at Surgeons' College, and he filled amounted to upwards of twenty-one the chair with so much approbation that thousand pounds? The secret of all he was re-elected to it year after year, as this, as has already been remarked, was long as he could place his services at industry. Throughout the whole thotheir disposal. Before the close of the roughly active period of his life, we are century he had reached, both as lecturer informed, Astley Cooper was in his dissecting room, winter and summer, by the command of the circle. He ate six o'clock at the latest, by eight he was largely, but cared not what; after twelve dressed for the day and at the service of hours of such exertion, he, as he said, gratuitous patients, who usually occu- " could digest any thing but saw-dust." pied him till half-past nine, an honour-| During dinner he drank two or three able custom which he never abandoned, large tumblers of water, and afterwards fond as he was of money. His break- | two glasses of port, no more. Then he fast with his family occupied but a few threw himself back in his chair and minutes, and by ton his waiting-rooms slept. He seldom required to be roused, were tbronged with patients, who con- but awoke exactly as the allotted ten tinued to stream in by the dozen until minutes expired, started up, “gave a one o'clock. To the right of the hall parting smile to every body in the room, were two large rooms occupied by gen- and in a few seconds was again on his tlemen patients; two drawing rooms, way to the hospital.” There was a lecimmediately above were appropriated ture every other evening during the seato the reception of ladies. The hall son, on the odd nights, however, the had generally servants waiting for an-carriage was equally at his door by eight, swers to notes, the ante-room was for the and he continued his round of visits one or two patients next in succes- till midnight, often till one or two in the sion. The farther room on the right morning. His carriage was well lighted, was full of gentlemen waiting their turn. and by night as well as by day, in passThese were anxious perhaps, but still, sing from one house to another, his in a much less pitiable state than the attendant was writing to his dictationoccupants of the first to the right. All the chronicle of each case kept pace with in this room had undergone some opera- the symptoms. “And Sunday shone tion, which unfitted them for the present no sabbath day for him.” Such, we are to leave the house. These patients used told, for full fifteen years was the exto remain in the room until either their istence of the great surgeon of Broad pain had ceased, or Mr. Cooper himself Street, St. Mary Axe. dismissed them after completing the The following portrait of him is from operation to which they had been sub- the pen of Mr. Travers, one of the most jected. Sometimes the people in the distinguished of his pupils: “Astley hall and ante-room were so numerous Cooper, when I first knew him, had deand importunate that he dreaded the cidedly the handsomest, that is, the ordeal of explaining the necessity for most intelligent and finely-formed counhis departure. He was in the habit, tenance and person of any man I reunder such circumstances, of escaping member to have seen. He wore his through the back yard into his stables, bair powdered, with a queue, then the and so into the passage by the side of custom, and having dark hair, and alBishopsgate church. He would run ways a fine healthy glow of colour in round past his carriage, standing at the his cheeks, this fashion became him front door, into Wormwood Street, to well. He was remarkably upright, and which place his coachman, who wel! moved with grace, vigour, and elasticity: understood the ruse, would immediately nor was he altogether unconscious of follow him. He was in a few minutes the fine proportions of his frame, for he at Guy's, where a hundred pupils were would not unfrequently throw his wellwaiting on the steps. They followed shaped leg upon the table at a lecture, him into the wards of the hospital and when describing an injury or operation from bed to bed until the clock struck of the lower limb, that he might more two, then rushed across the street to graphically demonstrate the subject of the anatomical theatre, and the lec- his discourse. He would look at parture began. At three he went to the ticular or urgent cases before and after dissecting-rooms, and observation, direc- lecture, and he generally went round tion, and instruction kept him busy here à loisir, as a florist would visit his parfor half an hour. Then he got into his terre, with two or three elder students carriage, attended by a dresser, and his on a Sunday morning.” Dr. Roots says horses were hard at work until seven or of him: “From the period of Astley's half-past seven. His family were as appointment to Guy's, until the mosembled, dinner was instantly on the ment of his latest breath, he was everytable, and he sat down apparently fresh thing and all to the suffering and afflicin spirits, with his attention quite at ted; his name was a host, but his
presence brought confidence and com- however, had a greater right to the fort; and I have often observed, that on natural satisfaction of reflecting that an operating day, should any thing human suffering had been largely reoccur of an untoward character in the lieved by his ministry. theatre, the moment Astley Cooper en- In 1815 Mr. Cooper removed from tered, and the instrument was in his Broad Street in the city, to New Street, hand, every difficulty seemed overcome, Spring Gardens, in the neighbourhood and safety generally ensued." A high of the Court, as he had now come into character, and, in a great measure, a very great practice among the nobility true one. Sir Astley Cooper, never- and gentry of London. About the theless, is declared by some to have same time also he retired from his probeen a great actor in his way, and his fessorship at the Royal College. Some love of display is alleged to have been time after taking up his residence at the as obvious on such occasions as his west end, although not on the Royal skill. Like many other actors of less establishment, he was chosen by George importance, he had an unbounded con- IV. to remove an “ugly tumour from fidence in his own abilities; and his his head.” It was rumoured abroad at admirable manual dexterity is stated to the time, that on this occasion the great have been the result of his retaining anatomist's nerves failed him, and that the most perfect possession of himself Mr. Cline, who was present, performed in the operating theatre. He was kind the operation. This, however, we beand hospitable to his pupils, whose lieve to have been but“ a weak invenreverence and submission made them tion of the enemy." And the story reattentive listeners; and, under the ha- ceives a sufficient confutation from the bitual impression of his great profes- fact of the king soon afterwards making sional ability, admiring spectators of Mr. Cooper his sergeant-surgeon, and, the most ordinary operations when per- in due time, conferring upon him also formed by him.
the title of baronet. This latter cirWith his private patients he was also cumstance completed the change which very popular, more so perhaps than any time and prosperity had been gradually other contemporary practitioner in working in his political sentiments. either branch. His goodly person had | There are some interesting passages in its effect with the ladies, his good-na- his Notes of this period; and they are ture with all, and his affectation of feel for the most part not only entertaining, ing with most. John Hunter is said to but well written. The following is not have turned pale as death whenever perhaps one of the best, but it is a fair he had to use the knife; even the com-average specimen, and possesses, besides paratively coarse and rough-humoured the additional recommendation to us of Abernethy could never think of an being shorter than most of the others. operation without heart sickness. It Sir Astley writes of the king. “He was the same with Sir Charles Bell and often awoke early, and read from five many other distinguished men who or six o'clock in the morning until nine might be named. All, however, came or ten, and thus he became acquainted and weut more easily with Astley with all the new books of every descripCooper; with scarcely any feeling, but tion which he read, novels, pamphlets, with oil enough for every wound, he voyages, travels, and plays. And he was the conveyer of more comfort than liked to talk of them. He usually reany one of his more sensitive brethren. ceived me at from ten to eleven o'clock, With his bospital patients, however, we in his bed, chatted with me for half an do not find that he was much in the habit hour or an hour, and was generally very of using the oil alluded to. Amongst agreeable, although now and then irrithem, and surrounded by his obsequious table. He was not strictly attentive to pupils, in whom, no doubt, he found facts, but embellished all his stories to ready laughers, Sir Astley's conduct was render them more amusing, so that it most remarkable for a facetiousness, would not answer always to repeat his which, to all but his attendant dressers sayings of others. When ill the king and box carriers, must have been ex- would never allow that it was caused by cessively dismal. And even with him his own imprudence. One morning his self was probably as far from being tongue was white, and he was much genuine as it was unquestionably unbe- heated. By G-' said he, “it is very coming and inappropriate. No man, extraordinary that I should be thus heated, for I lived very abstomiously, than they are in the habit of receiving and went to bed in good time. I must from the most common-place nonsense. have some beaume de vie, sir.' When However, revenons à nos moutons. It we went out of the room, W-said, you will be almost a superfluous piece of in. must not professionally act upon what telligence to make known that Sir Astley his Majesty said, he was drinking mar- was by this time very rich, and he now aschino at two o'clock this morning.' affected more silkiness of manners He was a good judge (continues Sir and finery of habits than he used in Astley) of the medicine which would his city days. He also indulged him. best suit him. He bore enormous doses self by purchasing a considerable es of opiates, one hundred drops of lauda-tate in Hertfordshire, with a handsome num for instance. In bleeding, also, mansion and grounds, to which he I have known from twenty to twenty- often retired for repose and relaxation, five ounces taken from him several By degrees, it is said, he became extimes. He was irregular in his times I tremely fond of the place, and usually for eating and drinking. “Bring me spent three days of the week there. cold chicken,' he would say at eleven, For a full and particular account of the before he rose. Yes, sire. Bring it, sports and pastimes most in vogue at and give me a goblet of soda-water,' the medical Baronet's rural retreat with Soon after he ate again, and at dinner himself and the brother sportsmen and largely; but he did not in general drink visitors, who at different times shared much at dinner, unless tempted by the his hospitality, those who feel any curi. society of men he liked."
osity on the subject are referred to Mr. This is, in all conscience, but a sorry Bransby Cooper's book. The guests, picture of regal life and manners; it however, we may remark by the way, bears, however, the impress of fidelity, consistod principally of physicians or and our readers, no doubt, will gladly surgeons of renown; (with accomplished turn from it, to this sketch of an illus- men beyond his own calling Sir Astley, trious lady, but recently passed from indeed, 'never seems to have held nor among us, which is equally remarkable desired to hold much social intercourse.) for its unexaggerated truthfulness. Sir And as an illustration of how little it Astley was also sergeant-surgeon to took to entertain them, we make room King William IV., and thus he speaks for the subjoined fragment, which will of the late Queen Adelaide: “We often also serve as a mild sample of the stasaw the Queen, who appeared a most ple run of anecdotes with which Mr. amiable lady, elegant but simple in her Cooper has tastefully enlivened the manners, and sensible in her conversa- greater portion of his narrative. " It tion. She was, in truth, an excellent rarely happens," says he, “but that one person, and, though gracing the digni- or two of the dogs which we had out fied position which she occupied, would with us, had been submitted by Sir Astley equally have made an admirable clergy to some operation or experiment, which, man's wife, and in such a situation have in some measure, accounted for their employed herself among her parishioners inferiority as sporting dogs ! Bome in acis of kindness and benevolence amusement was always afforded by the from morning to night." As a specimen timidity which these animals manifested of parasitical twaddle, which it would when near my uncle." Just so, what be impossible to surpass, we cannot re- the dogs were deficient in for sport in frain from also extracting what follows: one way they made up for in another “ The abilities of George IV., were of humane guests! wonderful uncle! senthe first order. He would have made sible nephew! As a kind of set-off to the first physician or surgeon of his this, however, it would be unfair not to time, the first lawyer, the first speaker mention a more becoming feature in in the Houso of Commons or Lords, Sir Astley's Hertfordshire pursuits. though, perhapa, (hesitatingly observes With that keen eye to the main chance Sir Astley,) not the best divine. As a which characterised him BO strongly king he was prosperous, for he had the throughout his life, he now spent a good sense to be led by good ministers, considerable part of his time as follows: although, however, he did not like them Michael, his coachman, having informed all." The last sentence will be puzzling him that the horses sold at Smithfield to those who endeavour to extract any were almost all cripplex, “my uncle," other meaning or information from it, (says Mr. Bransby,) * desired him to go