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partment in Fepresented painting the favorite Sultana of Mahomet II. „Seyeral of the succeeding cupolas still remain blank, so we pass them over and arrive-at teonardo da Vinci painting Queen Joanna of Arragon; then Michael Angelo meditating the design of Saint Peter's; then the history

of Raffaelle; in the dome are various scenes from his life; the lunette re· presents his death; he is extended on a couch beside which sits his virago love, the Fornarina, 'in disperato dolor;' Pope Leo X. and Cardinal Bembo are looking on overwhelmed with grief; in the background is 'the Transfiguration. ...... The series of the Italian painters will end with the Caracci. Those of the German painters will begin with Van Eyck and end with Rubens. ...

« Though the general decoration of this gallery was planned by Cornelius, the designs for particular parts, and the direction of the wbole, have been confided to Zimmermann, who is assisted in the execution by

five other painters. ...... ....Sucb, then; is the general plan of the Pinakothek, the national gallery

of Bavaria. "I make no comment, except that I felt and recognized in every part the presence of a directing mind, and the absence of all narrow views, all truckling to the interests, or tastes, or prejudices, or convenience of any particular class of persons. . . . An bonest anxiety for the glory of art and the benefit of the public-not the caprices of the king, nor the individual vanity of the architect-has been the moving principle throughout.”*

perceiving the fervour of bis piety and the greatness of bis mind, had determined to make him Archbishop of Florence, but be, when apprised of this - intention, besought the Pope to change it, not deeming himself equal to

the task, (" Perocche,” says Vasari, “ non si senitiva atto a governar popoli ;) adding that in his own order there was a monk fearing God, able to govern men, and a lover of the poor (un frate amorevole de poveri, dottisimo di governo e timorate di Dio), better deserving to be invested with such a dignity. Angelico's request was complied with, and thus the humble painter had the glory of placing on the archiepiscopal throne of Florence, a prelate who filled it with the greatest honour, and whom the Roman church still venerates as Saint Antonine.

Giovanni Santi Tosini, afterwards Fra Angelico da Fiesole, and known in Italy as 40 Beato, was born at Mugello in 1387 and died at Rome in

1455. The greater part of his life was passed in the celebrated convent of 1. Saint Mark, at Florence, (afterwards made illustrious by such men as

Savonarola and Fra Bartolomeo) where he first began to be a painter. His character may be learnt from one line of his biography: “Non fece mai crocifisso,” says Vasari, che non si bagnasse le gote di lagrime.Such a man could not paint otherwise than well. Perhaps his best known work is the magnificent Crowning of the Virgin, now in the western wing of the Louvre, and long since engraved and published with a descriptive text by August von Schlegel. (Paris, 1816, fol.)

* Visits and Sketches at Home and Abroad, vol. 2, pp. 42-7.

Honour be to Germany, and especial honour to Louis of Bavaria, forprovisions such as these for calling forth the highest powers of German, artists. The sowing has been liberal, and already the harvest is abundant.

Wbat a contrast does all this present to the National Gallery of England!

Note F. Catalogues of Museums and Galleries, p. 131. : On the Catalogues of two Museums, in Paris and in Berlin. I confine this note to a very brief statement of the peculiar characteristics of two foreign catalogues :-the one, of the now dispersed* Musée des Monumens Français at Paris; the other of the existing public collection of pictures at Berlin. A good catalogue reflects the collection itself. To describe the arrangement of one is to describe both

M. Lenoir's catalogue of the French Musée des Monumens, comprises eight main divisions : 1. A general chronological arrangement of monuments of all ages and

countries, from the early Celtic and Gothic, to the advanced art of the periods of Louis XII., Francis I., and Henry II.; the decline under Louis XIV., and his successor; and the partial

revival in 1780-90. 2. Architectural and sculptural remains of the thirteenth century, ex

clusively, 3. The same of the fourteenth century. 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. The same of the fifteenth, sixteenth; seventeenth,

eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. Each room being itself

constructed and adorned in the prevalent style of its epoch. Tbis catalogue further contains an alphabetical list of the artists whose works were found in the museum, with a tabular view of the dates and places of their births and deaths, &c.; it also contains succinct bistorical and biographical notes on the persons and events to which the monuments relate; a review of the progress of the arts in France; a chronological notice of French costumes, and affords, in fact, a concise and grapbic view of the history of the French nation.

Dr. Waagen's Catalogue of the Berlin Museum of paintings is based on a chronological arrangement carried out into schools, by subdivision :

His first period is to the year of Christ, 600 ::
Second .

- 600 to 1200
Third

• 1200 ... 1900 Fourth

• 1300 ... 1420 Fifth

• 1420 ... 1500 Sixtb

• 1500 ... 1540 Seventh

• 1540 ... 1590 Eighth

· 1590 ... 1870. Ninth

• 1070 ... 1780

* See anté, p. 116, note.

This catalogue, the details of wbich appear to me to be excellent, affords a clear idea of the succession of schools, and of the dates of birth and death, and the chief circumstances of the lise, of each artist; it includes well-devised indexes, and a map of the arrangement of the galleries, wbich gives a synoptical view of the history of the arts at a glance.

of the conscientious and artist-like manner in which the plan is worked out, the following sketch of the first division (abtheilung) may give some idea.

Introduction.On the chief epochs in the bistory of modern painting. Div. 1. ITALIAN SCHOOLS:--Class 1. Venetians :-Formation of school.

Masters-description of pictures-
subject and character, whence ob-

tained.
2. Lombards . . .
» 3. Middle Italians.
„ 4. Imitators.
» 5. Caracci.

6. Academics.

Note G. Effect of Free Exhibitions, p. 215.
Extract FROM THE Report OF THE ROYAL INSTIUTION OF

LIVERPOOL, 1840. ... « The committee contemplate no part of the experience of the past year with so much satisfaction, as the success that has rewarded their attempt to bring the poorest classes of the community into connexion with the pure and exalting influences to which this building is devoted. Their faith in the good feeling of the public, and in the aptitude of all minds—even the lowest--to receive refined and elevating impressions, bas not disappointed them. Your museum has been crowded monthly, by thousands, whose eyes fell for the first time upon whole kingdoms of nature, and with whom no previous knowledge or familiarity broke the effect [?] of freshness and wonder. During the last year the first Monday in every month has been a public day. The numbers availing themselves of this privilege, and showing their appreciation of it, have been as follow :

[Jan. 120 Feb. 350 March, 1,500) 820) April, 2,500 May, 4,480 June, 3,280 {

Total 41,10). July, 5,335 August, 4,656 Sept. 2,620

(Oct. 7,060 Nov. 4,000 Dec. 5,260) ** Jan. 5,500 Feb. 11,360* (March,t 5,380 Total 28.524. 104 April, 6,284] . . . . :S

1840

• On the second Monday in the month-the day of Her Majesty's marriage.

† The numbers within brackets are added to those in the report from subsequent information.

« The uniform propriety and intelligent curiosity of these vast multitudes demonstrate that nothing is wanting but the opportunity of forming tastes, and a generous and respectful sympathy manifested towards them, to take away from the English people that character of rudeness and insensibility to the beauties of nature and art which has so long been a national opprobrium. In opening these opportunities to the labouring classes, this institution cannot but feel that it occupies the place of a public benefactor and instructor, awakening in uncultivated minds feelings and ideas calculated to soften the rudeness of manners, and to increase the bappiness and the virtue of life. With the sense of beauty and wonder dead in the mind, the poor man lives in a mean and ungraced world.” . ..

Note H. Encouragement of Historical Art by Voluntary

Associations, p. 242.
LIST of PICTURES PURCHASED OR COMMISSIONED FOR PUBLIC
PURPOSES, BY THE KUNSTVEREIN FÜR DIE RHEINLANDE

UND WESTPHALEN. 1. In Halberstadt Cathedral: Christ and Peter on the sea, in oil, by

Götting. 2. In the Town Museum of Cologne : The Israelites in exile, in oil,

by BENDEMANN. 3. In the Protestant Church at Arnsberg; The Resurrection of Christ,

an altar-piece, by Deger. 4. In the Parish Church of Königsteele : The Adoration of the Shep

· herds, in oil, by ZIMMERMANN. 5. In Saint Andrew's Church, at Dusseldorf: The Holy Virgin with the

Christ-child, etc., in fresco, by MöckE. 6. In the Town Museum of Cologne: A Lion Fight, in oil, by

MEISTER. 7. In the Church of Dülmen : Christ in Mary's Bosom, in oil, by

· W. SCHADOW. 8. In the Parish Church of Dreis-on-the-Mosel : Saint Martin as

Bishop, an altar-piece, by Götting. 9. In the Parish Church of Ebrenbreitstein: The Invention of the Cross,

an altar-piece, in fresco, by SETTEGAST. 10. In Saint Andrew's Church: Christ in the Temple, an altar-piece, by

HÜBNER. 11. In the same. Church : The Queen of Heaven with the Christ-child,

an altar-piece, by Deger. Besides partial contributions towards 12. The Restoration of the Altar of the Church of the Sisters of Mercy,

at Coblentz, to which W. Schadow bad presented bis altar-piece

The Queen of Heaven ; and 14. The Commission of a large Historical Picture of The last Syrian

Christians, by STIELCKE, for the Town Museum of Königsberg.

INDEX ØF PRINCIPAL TOPICS.

Academy, Royal. See Royal Academy.
America, reform of its patent laws, App. note B*
Art Unions. See Berlin, Edinburgh, London, Munich, Paris. Their origin,

objects, and history, 239; suggestions for their improvement, 253.
Berlin, Art Union of, 241.
British Artists, Society of See Society of British Artists.
British Institution for promoting the Fine Arts in the United Kingdom,

its plan and progress, 254.
British Museum, its present constitution and management, 132; Trustees,

ib.; Departmental organization, 134; Library, 139; Catalogues and
synopsis, 139 ; Casts from marbles, 141; Parliamentary grant, -neces-

sity for its extension, ib.
Byron, correspondence respecting the admission of his statue into West-

minster Abbey, 209.
Catalogues of public collections, bints respecting, App. note F.
Churches, Altar-pieces in-propriety and advantages of their employment,

203.
Commission on historical monuments. See France.
Commons, House of; its select committee on arts and manufactures-

analysis of their report, 13. .
- Select Committee on British Museum, recommendations con-

tained in their report, 132.
Competitions for public works, 219; for the new Royal Exchange, ib.;

for the Nelson testimonial, 223; Report made to the Institute of British
Architects on regulation of competitions, 229; suggestions for their
improvement, 230.

See French Architects.
Copyright, its nature, 43.

- in books, existing statutes respecting, 49; necessity and means
of their improvement, 92; Mr. Talfourd's bill thereon, ib.

- in prints, existing statutes respecting, 50; necessity and means
of their improvement, 65.

- in works of sculpture, existing statutes respecting, 51 ; neces-
sity and means of their improvement, 66.

- in patterns, existing statutes respecting, 54; necessity and
means of their improvement, 67; Mr. Poulett Thomson's bill thereon, 81.
See France.

- tribunals, App. note C.
Edinburgh, its society for the encouragement of the Fine Arts in

Scotland, 244.
Education, National, connexion of the Fine Arts therewith, 265; duties

of the State in relation thereto, 266; insufficiency of merely voluntary
efforts to improve it, 269; claims of the Church, 272; objects of State
interposition, 278; school rates-Lord Brougham's bill, 281 ; distri.
bution of Parliamentary grants, 279; inspection, 282; instructions to
inspectors, 284; evidence as to present character of instruction afforded
in schools aided by the public money, 286; normal schools, 290 ;
elevation of the schoolmaster-its necessity and means, 296; legislative
interposition, 303; failure of the educational provisions of the Factories

Act, ib.; Grammar-schools' Bill, 306, note.
English Art, its general character, 26.
Excise duties affecting the arts of design, on bricks, 85; on paper, 86;

on glass, 87.
Exposition de l'Industrie Nationale. See France.
France, its manufactures as compared with English manufactures in point

of design, 24; its law of copyright in patterns, 68; its copyright tri-
bunals-Conseils des Prud'hommes, 70; its commission on historical
monuments, 115.

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