Heating and ventilating buildings: A manual for heating engineers and architects

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J. Wiley & sons, 1900 - 408 стор.
 

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Зміст

Use of Thermometers
13
Specific Heat
14
Latent Heat
15
Reflection and Transmission of Radiant Heat
16
Diffusion of Heat
17
Conduction of Heat
18
Convection or Heating by Contact
19
Systems of Warming
20
CHAPTER II
21
ARTICLE FA3
23
Diffusion of Gases
24
CO
25
NitrogenArgon
27
Determination of Humidity of the Air
29
Amount of Air Rf quired for Ventilation
31
Influence of the Size of the Room on Ventilation
34
Force for Moving the Air
35
Measurements of the Velocity of Air
37
The Flow of Air and Gases
40
The Effect of Heat in Producing Motion of Air
43
The Inlet for Air
44
The Outlet for Air
48
Ventilationflues
49
Summary of Problems of Ventilation
50
Dimensions of Registers and Flues
52
CHAPTER III
54
Loss of Heat from Walls of Buildings
55
Heat Required for Purposes of VentilationTotal Heat Re quired
59
CHAPTER IV
60
Heat Emitted by Radiation
61
Heat Removed by Convection Indirect Heating
63
Total Heat Emitted
64
Material of Radiators
67
Methods of Testing Radiators
69
Measurement of Radiating Surface
73
Effect of Painting Radiating Surfaces
74
Results of Tests of Radiating Surface
75
Tests of Indirect Heating Surfaces
79
Conclusions from Radiator Tests
83
Probable Efficiency of Indirect Radiators
84
CHAPTER V
87
VVroughtiron Pipe
89
Pipe Fittings
92
Valves and Cocks
98
Airvalves
102
Expansion Joints
105
CHAPTER VI
107
Vertical Pipe Steam Radiators
109
Castiron Steam Radiator
110
Hotwater Radiator
113
Direct Indirect Radiator
116
CHAPTER XIII
118
Proportion of Parts of a Radiator
119
CHAPTER VII
120
General Requisites of Steam Boilers
121
Boiler Horsepower
122
Relative Proportions of Heating to Grate Surface
123
Water Surface in BoilerSieam and Water Space
126
Requisites for Perfect Steamboiler
127
Classification of Boilers
128
Horizontal Tubular Boiler
130
Locomotive and Marine Boilers
131
797 Vertical Boilers
132
Watertube Boilers
133
Hotwater Heaters
135
Classes of Heatingboilers and Heaters
136
Heatingboilers with Magazines
141
Heatingboilers for Soft Coal
142
CHAPTER VIII
143
Setting of Heatingboilers
147
The Safetyvalve
149
Appliances for Showing the Level of the Water in Boiler
152
Traps
164
Return Traps
167
General Directions for the Care of Steamheating Boilers
169
Care of Hotwater Heaters
171
Explosions of Hotwater Heaters
176
CHAPTER IX
178
Systems of Piping
180
Systems of Piping Used in Hot water Heating
185
Combination Systems of Heating
188
no Pipe Connections Steamheating Systems
191
in Pipe Connections Hotwater Heating Systems
193
Position of Valves in Pipes
195
Piping for Indirect Heaters
196
Comparisons of Pipe Systems
197
DESIGN OF STEAM AND HOTWATER SYSTEMS 117 General Principles
201
Amount of Heat and Radiating Surface Required for Warm ing
202
ARTICLE PAGE 119 The Amount of Surface Required for Indirect Heating
209
20 Summary of Approximate Rules for Estimating Radiating Surface
215
Flow of Water and Steam
217
Size of Pipes to Supply Radiating Surfaces
222
Size of Return Pipes Steam Heating
227
Size of Pipes for Hotwater Radiators
228
Size of Ducts and Ventilating Flue for Conveying Air
232
Dimensions of Registers
235
Summary of Various Methods of Computing Quantities Re quired for Heating
236
Heating of Greenhouses
238
Heating of Workshops and Factories
245
CHAPTER XI
247
Proportions of Radiating Surface and Main Pipes Required in Exhaust Heating
249
Systems of Exhaust Heating with Less than Atmospheric Pres sure
251
Combined Highand Lowpressure Heating Systems
255
Pump Governors
256
The Steam Loop
257
Reducing Valves
258
Transmission of Steam Long Distances
260
CHAPTER XII
268
General Form of a Furnace
270
Proportions Required for Furnace Heating
272
Airsupply for the Furnace
275
Pipes for Heated Air
276
The Areas of Registers or Openings into Various Rooms
278
Circulating Systems of Hot Air
280
Combination Heaters
281
General Directions for Operating a Furnace
282
FORCEDBLAST SYSTEMS OF HEATING AND VENTILATING ARTICLE PACK 149 General Remarks
283
Ducts or FluesRegisters
284
Blowers or Fans
289
Heating Surface Required
291
Size of Boiler Required
292
Systems of Ventilation without Heating
298
Heating witii Refrigerating Machines
299
Cooling of Rooms
300
CHAPTER XIV
301
Formulae and General Considerations
304
Construction of Electrical Heaters
306
Connections for Electrical Heaters
309
CHAPTER XV
310
Regulators Acting by Change of Pressure
311
Regulators Operated by Direct Expansion
315
Regulators Operated with MotorGeneral Types
316
Pneumatic Motor System
318
Saving Due to Temperature Regulation
320
CHAPTER XVI
322
General Requirements
323
Form Proposed by the Nationnl Association of Manufacturers of Heating Apparatus
326
Form of Uniform Contract
336
ARTICLE PACE
340
Duty of the Architect
347
Literature and References
353
Tables
359
Index 4
407
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