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Cai tiff, scoundrel, slave, MM.2, 1.5, 1. AW. 3, 2. Rb. 1, 2. Rc. 4, 4, TA. 4, 8. KL. 3, 2. R.J. 5, 1. 0.4, 1. The fr. chetif, lat. captivus.

Cake, a kind of delicate bread. Compare the germ. kochen, Kuchen, lat. coquere. My (our) cake is dough, a proverb implying the loss of hope, or expectation; a cake which comes out of the oven in the state of dough, being considered as utterly spoiled, TS. 5, 1. 1, 1.

to Calculate, to prophesy out of the stars. JC. 1, 3. blf. 4, 1.

Calf’s-skin. Fools kept for diversion in great families were often distinguished by coats of calfskin, with buttons down the back. K.J. 3, 1. CE.4, 3.

Cali polio. A character in a bombastic tragedy of 1594 the battle of Alcazar, where Muhamed offers to his wife lion's flesh on the point of his sword. bol. 2, 4. o Cali ver, a small seagun. aPId. 4, 2. b Hä. 3, 2. o bird, instrument for alluring birds. , 4. to Call in, to confiscate, retire, repeal, attach, seize, draw in. Rb, 2, 1. Callat, callet, calot, strumpet. WT. 2, 8. KJ. 5, 1. bhif. 1, 3. cFlf. 2, 2. 0.4, 1. Gifford Ben Jons. III, 277. ‘Calote in french a sort of cap once worn by wuntry girls. From designating poverty or meanness it seems to denote depravity and vice.’ cf. the same VI, 30. May be from to callet, to rail; or from the hebr. callah, bride; or kalal, to be mean, contemptible. Calling, vocation, state, charge, office, function. aPlf. 3, 1. Camelot, a town in Somersetshire, now called Camel, near South-Cadbury, much celebrated as one of the places, at which king Arthur kept his court. KL. 2, 2. Ca mom ile, chamomile, the more it is trodden on, the faster it grows. aPld. 2, 4. Allusion to John Lyly's Euphues. Can, a kind of cup. TN. 2, 2, Compare the sanscr. kandha, pers. kondy, gr. kantharos, austr. Kand’l. Deminutive is canakin. O. 2, 8. germ. Kannchen. to Can, to know, be skilful. H. 4, 7. Can a ry, a quick, brisk dance, the music of which consisted of two strains with eight bars in each. AW. 2, 1. LL. 3, 1 ; S. Douce's Ill. of Sh. I, 220. wine from the Canary islands, by some called sweet sack. MW. 3, 2. S. Douce I, 73; corrupted for quandary, confusion, perturbation, hurry. MIV. 2, 2. Candle’s ends, to drink off. A piece of romantic extravagance, long practised by amorous gallants, deemed to be a formidable and disagreeable flap dragon. b11d. 2, 4.

Candle-holders were maskes at entertainments,'

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to Canopy, to cover with a canopy or baldachin, to overshade. Cantle, corner; part, share. aPId. 3, 1. AC. 3, 8. Compare the gr. kanthos, the germ. Kante, the ital. canto, the fr. coin, chanteau, chantel, lat. Quantulum. S. Douce's Ill. of Sk. I, 482. Canton, corrupted for canto, song. TN. 1, 5. or rather cento, as it is used in a contemptible meaning. to Can was s, to sift, try, test, examine. aPIf. 1, 3; in an obscene sense. bhd. 2, 4. Compare the gr. kannabis, hemp and tow — for canvass is a sort of coarse cloth, packcloth, sailcloth – and kanabos, cane, or stalk, done over with wax or clay in modelling. to Cap, to take off the cap, to court. 0. 1, 1: to strive alternately by rhimes. He. 3, 7. Cap, top, principal, T.A. 4, 8. Capable, subject to, susceptible. KJ. 3, 1. H. 3, 4; fit or qualified for hereditary succes*; KL. 2, 1 perceptible, intelligible. AL. , 5. Cap a city, capaciousness, compass, circumference. TN. 2, 5. Cap gris on'd, accoutered. AL. 3, 2. From the turk. ciaprack, covering, germ. Schabracke. Caper, capriole. To cut capers. TN, 1, 8. to caper. Rc. 1, 1. fr. cabrioler. Kin to chèvre, lat. Gapra. to Capitulate, to make head, to form insurrection. aPld. 3, 2. Cap occhia, the feminine form of the ital. word capocchio, a fool. TC. 4, 2. Cap on, a billet-doux. LL. 4, 1. S. bill. Captain, used as adjective, chief, more excellent, or valuable. TA. 8, 5. Captio us, like capable (0. 3, 3.) capacious, recipient, capable of receiving., AW.1, 3. Car ack, carrack, large ship of burden, galleon. 0. 1,2. Car a way, s. carraway. Carb untie, a precious stone that was believed to have the property of giving out a native light without reflection. Co. 1, 4. Cy. 5, 5. cf. AC. 4, 8. H. 2, 2. supposed to be the gem described in TAn. 2, 4; a plaguesore. Kl. 2, 4. Car can et, carkanet, CE. 3, 1. S. 52. to Card, to mix, debase by mixing. a Hil. 3, 2. reestablished by Steevens for Warburton's "scarded. Card, mariner's compass; properly the paper, on which the points of the winds are marked. M. 1, 8; metaphorically, pattern, type. H. 5, 2. By the chard, with great exactness true to a point. H. 5, 1. From the lat. charta. Car der, woolcomber. Hii. 1, 2. ' Care kills a cat, proverb signifying the weight and murdering, destroyiug power of care, alluding to the supposed tough or ninefold life of a cat.MA. 5, i. R.J. 3, 1. AL. 1, 5. ahd. 1, 2. Career, car e i res. To pass the careires, a military phrase for running the charge in, a tournament or attack. Used metaphorically. MW. 1, 1. Equivalent is to run the career. | LL. 5, 2. S. Douce's Ill. of Sh. I, 54. Carl, boor, countryman; ill tempered brutish person. Cy 5, 2. also carlot. AL, 3, 5; cours, cherl, sax. ceorl, goth. and isl. Karl, from caer, hebr. ir, kirjah, keret, town.

carquenet, neckchain

Carman, one that ieads a car. M.M. 2, 1.

Carnation, gilliflower. W.T. 4, 8. Carol, joyful song. MD. 2, 2. Kim to the gr. choros, gyros, choir, churn, querne. Caro use, more than ordinary quantity of liquor, large draught. TS. 1, 2. AC. 4, 5. It seems nearer kim to the gr. karösis, stunning or dimming of the head after much drinking, than to the germ. Garaus, or Kehraus. S. Douce's Ill. of Sh. II, 205. to Caro use, to tope, tipple, drink frequently. TS. 3, 2. H. 5, 2. a Hf. 2, 1. where it is joined to banket. to Carp at, to censure, cavil, rebuke, find fault with, flout. KL. 1, 4. Hh. 1, 1. where it is joined with to mock. a Hil. 3, 2, 4, 1. MA. 3, 1. Rc. 3, 5. From the lat. carpere. Carp et, a covering of various colours to spread on floors or tables. Rb. 3, 3. S. Gifford's Ben Jons. III, 458. W, 182. From the gr. karpasos, lat. carbasus a kind of fine spanish flax. Plan. H. N. 19, 1. Carpet -k nights, knights dubbed, in peace, on a carpet, by mere court favour, not in the field for military prowess. It seems only to have been a mock title, and was perfectly current as a term of great contempt for those who serve abominable and filthy idleness. They were called also knights of the green cloth, and carpet-mongers. MA. 5,2. TN.3, 4, where dubb'd on carpet consideration is on account of his merits or services done on carpets, in women's chambers; trencher-knights. Ll. 5,2. S. Douce's Ill. of Sh. I, 105. Carr a way, caraway, carum carui L., a plant, the seeds of which being esteemed carminative and stomachic, are still used in confections, cakes, sweet meats. b.Rd. 5, 3. Compare the greek karos. Carriage, frame upon which a cannon or ordmance is carried. He. 3. chor. behaviour, de— meanour. MA. 1, 3. Hh. 3, 1. R.J. 1, 4. CE. 3, 2. LL. 1, 2; course, particulars of a transaction, argument, import, tendency. H. 1, 1... hanger, in affected courtspeech (s. article) H. 5, 2. to Carry out one’s side, to obtain one's end, to succeed. KL. 5, 1. Carry–t a le, tale—bearer, tell-tale. bhid. 4, 1. LL. 5, 2. where it is joined with please-man, light zany, mumbleneu's, trencher-knight. Cart, car. H. 3, 2. Sax. craet, sc. currack, currok, curroch, lat. currus, it carro, fr. char, only a guttural form of the gr. pherd, engl. bear, germ. Karre. to Carve, to cut, cut out. MA. 5, 1 ; to cut in, AL. 3, 2. In 0.2, 3. he that stirs next to carve forth (al. for) his own rage, is either to vent, or it is to be read to carry forth his rage. Compare the hebr. carab, gr. graphein, fr.

graver, germ. graben, kerben, gr. charassú, |Cater cousin, relation in the fourth degree,

pers. chariden, sax. ceorfan. Case, inclosure, covering. TN. 5, 1. AC. 4, 18;

pair, couple, brace. He. 3, 2; in good case,

rich. bhd. 2, 1. It is contracted from capse,

Cassock, any loose coat, but particularly a military one. A/W. 4, 3. The span. casaca. S. Gifford's Ben Jons. I, 62. VIII, 126. to Cast, to throw; to compute, calculate (wh: s.) reckon. b.Rd. 1, 1. to Cast water, to find out diseases by the inspection of urine. M. 5, 8; to found in plaister or metal. AL. 3, 4. S. Douce's Ill. of Sh. I, 303. Cast i li a n, used as a reproach, which P;"; arose after the defeat of the Armada. MW. 2, 8. Castiliano volto conjectured by Warburton for volgo-courtly, solemn countenance. TN. 1, 3. Castle, a kind of close helmet. TAn. 3, 1. TC. 5, 2. As in a castle, in great security, as in a fortified place. a Hil. 2, 1. Old lad of the castle, a familiar appellation, apparently equivalent to Castilian, in its convivial sense, i. e. old buck. So Falstaff is called. a Hil. 1, 2. Cat. Good liquor will make a cat speak, a proverb alluded to T. 2, 2. Cat a mountain, or of the m. T. 4, 1. MW. 2, 2. from the spanish name of wild cat, garomontes. Prince of cats. R.J. 2, 4. is named Tybert or Tybalt in the british Reynard the fox. cf. a Hil. 3, 3. WT. 2, 8. S. Gibcat. Cat in a bottle. MA. 1, 1. alludes, according to Steevens to a rustic custom, which consisted in hanging up a cat in a wooden bottle, or keg, with soot; the sport being to strike out the bottom, and yet escape being saluted by the contents. At Kelso in Scotland it is called cat in barrel. Cat a i a n, a Chinese, Cataia, or Cathay being the name given to China by the old travellers. It was used also to signify a sharper; from the dexterous thieving of those people. MW. 2, 1. TN. 2, 3. to Catch, to get, hold on. KJ. 1, 1; to receive any contagion, plague, or disease. bhd. 2, 4. as in Germ. abkriegen, wegkriegen; to catch at, to hit, guess, gather. AC. 2, 2. MA. 5, 2. Catch, prize, boot. TS. 2, 1. TC. 2, 1 ; a species of vocal harmony to be sung by three or more persons, so contrived, that, though each sings precisely the same notes, as his fellows, yet by beginning at stated periods of time from each other, there results from the performance a harmony of as many parts, as there are singers; a roundel, round song, canon. TN. 2,8. — For both words compare to get, the gr. gaú, chač, chaskö, chated, lat. capto, capesso, pers. hatschiden, to rub, take, jaziden, to embrace, seize. -, Cato; food,' eating, board. CE. 3, 1. TS. 2, 1. | allf. 2, 3. to Cater, to heap up store. AL. 2, 3. Cater, the number four of cards and dice (quatuor). Hence

in the figurative sense one, who by flattering aims at gaining somebody's favour, in order to live at his expense. MV. 2, 2.

of course kin to capacious, capacity, capable, Caterpillar, canker, cankerworm. Rb. 2, 3.

and the gr. chad, to be hollow, open, to com— prehend. Compare further the lat. casus.

3, 4. a Hä. 2, 2 bilf. 3, 1. 4, 4. From the fr.

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to Case, to put up in a case, to cover. M. 3, 4. Catling, string of a lute or violin, made of

KJ. 3, 1. to strip, flay, take off the case. APP. 3, 6. to C as se, to break or deprive of an office, to

disband. Hence cast for cassed.


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0. 2, 3. Catter up a uling, mewing of cats in rutting

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Cavalero, or cavalier, a knight; any gallant. Hence officer of the court party in Charles the First's wars, the gaiety of whose appearance was strikingly opposed to the austerity and * of the opposite side. bhd. 5, 3. He. . ch. Candle, cardiac, cordial, mixture of wine and other ingredients for women in childbed and sick persons. LL.4, 8, bFf. 4, 7. fr. chaudeau, incitabulum, calda aquato Cau dle, to corroborate, comfort, refresh. TA. 4, 8. Caui are, cavear, caveary, the spawn of a kind of sturgeon pickled, salted and dried, made also of the spawn of other kinds of fish, as botargo. In the time of Shk. it was a new and fashionable delicacy, not obtained or relished by the vulgar and therefore used by

which stood on their breeching, without any carriage, used chiefly for rejoicings and the atrical cannonades, yet not excluded from real service. bhd. 2, 4. co; orer, a wanton person, gallant, intriguer. - 1. Chance, hazard, fortune. MM. 3, 2. MA. 3, 8. HT. 4, 3. M. 1, 8. K.J. 1, 1. Co. 4, 1. 4, 7. AC. 2, 8. TC. 1, 3. KL. 5,8. From the lat. cadentia, lowsax. Kans, Kansse. S. also Horne Tooke's Div. of P. II, 19. to Change, to wear changes or variety of any dress or ornament. AC. 1, 2. Change ling, child put in the place of another; sometimes the child taken or stolen by the fairies. WT. 3, 3. MD. 2, 1. Channel, hollow bed of running water. JC.1,1. Kim to kennel, gr. Kanna, kang, reed, cane.

him to signify any thing above their compre- to Channel, to chamfer, furrow. ahd. 1 1. hension. H. 2, 2. Perhaps from ovarium. S. Chanson pious, perhaps a sacred song on

Douce's Ill. of Sh. 2, 236. Causes of quarrel. , R.J. 2, 4.

Jephtha, whereof scratches are quoted. H.2,2.

In AL. 5, 4. Chanticleer, cock. T. 1, 2. AL. 2, 7.

there are enumerated seven by the book of Chan tries, chanteries, little chapels or parti

Vincentio Saviola of honour and honourable quarrels (1594) viz, retort courteous, quip modest, churlish reply, valiant reproof, quarrelsome countercheck, circumstantial lie, direct lie, Caut ele, cautell, caution, deceit. H. 1, 8.

cular, altars in some cathedral or parrochial church, endowed with revenues for the maintenance of one or more priests, that sing messes for the souls of their founders. TN.4, 3. He. 4, 1.

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Caute lous, cautious, artful, insidious, treach- Chapman, seller, buyer. LL. 2, 1. TC. 4, 1.

erous. Co. 4, 1. JC. 2, 1. to Caw, to cry as the rook or crow. MD. 3, 2. Cella rage, the part of the building which makes the cellars. H. 1, 5. Cen ser, perfuming pan, with many perforations in the top ; a vessel of luxury used also in barber's shops. TS. 4, 8. Compare the pers. zend, whence the lat. incendere, the germ. zunden, fr. encenser. Cens u re, opinion. b.Rf. 1, 8. Hh. 1, 1, 3, 1. H. 1, 8. Rc. 2, 2; judicial sentence. O. 5, 2.

to Censure, to give an opinion. TG. 1, 2; to

estimate, judge of S. 148; to pass sentence judicially. MM. 1, 5. Center of the earth, the sun. R.J. 2. 1. TC. 1, 8. 3, 2. Century, party of an hundred men. KL. 4, 4. Co. 1, 7; the number of an hundred. Cy. 4, 2. Cere cloth M.V. 2, 7. also cerement. H. 1, 4. cloth of wax, wherein were entangled the carcasses. From the lat. cera, wax, and cloth. Cerc monies, ornaments of state and regal pomp. JC. 1, 1; prodigies. JC. 2, 2. Certes, certainly. O. 1, 1. CE. 4, 4. Cess, measure, estimation. aPld. 2, 1. From the lat. census, and centum to Chafe, to heat, warm. bRf. 3, 2. TC. 1, 2. 4, 5; to fret and fume. MW. 5, 8; to anger. TS. 2, 1. Compare the fr. chauffer, lat. cale{..." go. kao, kauo. Chain. A gold] chain anciently a fashionable ornament for persons of rank and dignity, as rich usurers. MA. 2, 1. Cy. 3, 8. stewards. TN. 2, 3. S. Gifford's Ben Jons. II, 82. to Chalk, to sign with chalk, or cray, to design, assign. Hh.1, 1. to Challenge, to defy to combat. MA. 5, 1; to claim. cIIf.4, 7. Compare the fr. challenger, chalonger, calenger, calonger, calumniare, gr. kale5, klyö, klymi, to call and to hear, originally to call in law. Chamber (camera regia) London. Rc. 3, 1; a sort of short pieces of ordnance, or cannon,

Properly ceapman, marketman, copeman. S. Gifford's Ben Jons. III. 253. Compare the germ. Raufmann. Now it is only for a purchaser, one who bargains for purchase. coast, distinctive mark, as in arms. MM. - 1. to Character, to inscribe, engrave in one's mind or memory. H. 1, 3. S. 122. Charactery, writing, that which is charactered, expression. MW. 5, 5. JC. 2, 1. Cf. to carve. Chare, charwork, taskwork, or any labour. A.C. 5, 2. 4, 18. Charge. To give charge to the watchmen appears to have been a regular part of the duty of the constable of the night. MA. 3, 8. Charge-house, a common school. L.L. 5, 1. Char in ess, caution, scrupulousness. MW.2, 1. Kin to care, gr. Kear, kêr, lat. cor, germ. Herz. Charity, figured as a saint in the romish calendar, and consequently was spoken of currently. II. 4, 5. Charles's wain, old name for the seven bright stars of the constellation ursa major, so named in honour of Charlemagne. a Hä. 2, 1. to Charm, to move by charms, spells, to entreat, conjure. He. 2. ch. to fetter by charms. bHf. 4, 1. S. Gifford's Ben Jons. II, 232. IV, 405. Charm er, one who dealt in charms or spells, a magician. O. 3, 4. Ch a r n ico, charneco, a sort of sweet spanish wine. blf. 2, 3. From charneca, spanish name for a species of turpentine tree. Charter, privilege, authority confirmed by a carta. MW. 4, 1. AL. 2, 7. O. 1, 3. Chartered lib crt in e, arrant libertime, is called the air. He. 1, 1. cf. AL. 2, 7. O. 5, 2. Chat, prating, haubling. LL. 5, 2. TS. 2, 1. T. 2, 1. to Chatter, or chat, to blab. T. 2, 2. Cy. 1,7; to shudder. K.L. 4, 6. Compare the oldgerm. getten, geyten, cheiten, couten, quedan, kopers, gujed, engl. kit, quad, quoth. Cha u dron, chauldron, part of the entrails of an animal. M. 4, 1. Kim to the gr. kotylos, Æollos, hollow, kotylä, cholades, fr. chaudron, germ. provinc. Kutteln; from Kyö, chao ; kao. Cheap, is market, and the adj. good with its comparatives is often joined with it by old writers. Gifford's Ben Jons. II, 407. aPld. 3, 3. Anciently cheping is market, chepe, price, from the sax. cypan, to cope. Che ar, cheer, look, air of the countenance. a Hf. 1, 2. Kim to the ital. ciera, the gr. kara. S. Douce's Ill. of Sh. I, 193. to Che ar, to encourage, quicken. cIIf: 1; 1. M.5,8. where it is opposed to disseat. R.J. 2, 3. Kin to the teuton. cyr, ceor, cuziger, turn, move, run. Cheater, unfair gamester, one who played with false dice. bhd. 2, 4. escheator, officer in the exchequer. MW. 1, 3. S. Gifford's Ben Jons. VIII, 498. Kim to the lat. capere, engl. deceit, chouse, cozen, that imply the motion of dark, night, concealment, as the gr. Æeuthd, I conceal, skotos, darkness, the fr. cacher, coucher show evidently. Check, restraint, restraining law. TS, T, 1 ; reproof, reprimand. bhd. 4, 8, where it is joined with rebuke. Kin to the sax. scacan, engl. shake, kick, fr. choc, gr. kiö, kiko, Michö, kichanó, hiko, to go, movn.

den, kuiten, keffen, kodern, gr. katillein,

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H. 4, 7. taunt, tax. Als’. 1, 1 ; a term in fal– conry, to pause in the flight, to change the game while in pursuit, especially for an inferior kind, as crows, rooks, pies. TN. 3, 1. to Checker, chequer, to variegate or diversify with alternate colours. R.J. 2, 3. Checkered, É.”.” inlaid as the fields of a chess oard. TAn. 2, 3. Kin to the fr. echec, it. scacco, from the pers. shah, king, ar. sheik, prince. Cheek by jowl. To go ch. b.j. with one, low go” for to be inward friend, intimate. MD. , 2. Cherry-pit, a puerile game, which consisted of pitching cherrystones into a small hole. TN.

• Tre Chest, breast. TC. 4, 5. Kin to cist by the gr. chad. S. catch; chaudron. Cheveril, kid; kidleather. TN. 3, 1. metaph. yielding, pliable, flexible. R.J. 2, 4. Hh. 2, 3. to Chew, to grind with the teeth, to masticate: to taste, relish. MM.2,4; with upon, to weigh, poize, meditate. JC. 1, 2- Kin to the germ. kauen, gr. geud. Che wet, the chattering chough, or jackdaw. ahd. 5, 1. to Chide, to scold, rebuke. M. 3, 1. a Hil. 2, 4. 0. 4, 2. TC. 2, 2. L.L. 4, 3. AL. 3, 5. WT. 5,8. He. 1, 2.2, 4. cIIs. 5, 4. R.J. 4, 1. AL. 4, 8; sometimes merely to make a noise, to resound, echo, without any reference to scolding. So MD. 4, 1. means the cry of hounds. Chief, preference, accomplishment, distinguished talent, leading example. H. 1, 3. – Kin to the old fr. Kef, chef, gr. kabe, kebø, kybé, germ. Kopf, it capo. Child, a youth trained to arms, whether squire or knight. KL. 3, 4. S. Edinb. Rev. Dec. 1816. N. LIV. on Lord Byron. not. — The anglosax. cild, germ. Kind, from the gr. gino, gigno, lat. geno. This is evident by

to Child, to bear children. Hence the autumn. MD. 2, 2. is called childing, pregnant, fruitful; and childing plants are proliferous, in which one flower rises within or around another, and sometimes several. Chill, I will. KL. 4, 6. Chilling, making cold. TAn. 2, 4. Kin to the lat. gelu, germ. Kalte, kale, and by enantiosemy or inverted sense — s. I. A. Kanne de vocabulor. enantiosemia, s. observ. de confu— sione in linguis babylon. Norimb. 1819. 8. — to the lat. calere, calidus, ital. caldo. Child n ess, childishness. WT. 4, 2. Chime, harmonious sound of bells. TC. 1, 3. a Hil. 3. 2. — Kin to the gr. Aymbé, Aymbos by chao, Kyö. S. chaudron. Chin. In MD. 2, 2. for old Hyem's chin and âcy crown Gray and Voss restore chill, cold. Chine, backbone, ridgebone. Hh. 5, 8. TS. 8,2. Kin to the ital. schiena, gr. skelis, schelis, schalis, skelos. Chink, crevice, cleft, gap in a wall. MD. 3, 1 ; sound of money, money. RJ. 1, 5. Hence Ben Jonson uses to cry chink of the money that sounds in the pocket. VI, 137. cf. V., 836. The word is a mongrel of the gr. chač, hisco, germ. gāhnen, and ginglizö, lat. clango, germ. Ælingen, Klingeln. Chi oppine, chapin, chopine, chippin, ciopf. a sort of high shoe, formerly worn by adies, or rather a clog, or patten. H. 2, 2. S. Gifford's Ben Jons. II, 258. Douce's Ill. of Sh. II, 281. From the span. chapin, arab. chipin, cork. to Chip, to hew, cut in splints. TC. 5, 5; to cut asunder, to carve. bhd. 2, 4; Kin to chop, wh. s.; gr. koptă, fr. couper. to Chirp, expresses the indistinct noise made by some birds and insects. b.Rf. 3, 2. Spelt also chire, chirre, chirrup (Vic. of Wakef), scot. chirme, kin to the gr., garyö, gérys, kêryo, kévysso, germ. girren, lowsax. Kören. to Chop, to cut off. M.M. 1, 2. 0. 4, 1; to maim, confound, mangle a language in speaking it. Rb. 3, 3. Hence choplogic, fragments of l., or sayings. R.J. 3, 5. Chri so me, chrysom, chrisme, the face cloth or piece of linen put on the head of a child newly baptis'd; infants, that die within the month of birth. He. 2, 3. From the gr. chrisma anointing oil, used anciently at baptism. S. Douce's Ill. of Sh. W, 487. Christen do m, appellation in general. AW. 1, 1 ; christianity. KJ. 4, 1. to Chronicle, to put in chronicle, to write down, to record in history. O. 2, 1. . Chronicler, he that writes chronicles. In AL. 4, 1. Hanmer and Edwards propose the *ion coroners (wh. s.) supporting it by . 9, 1. Chuck, corrupted from chick, and used as a fondling expression, or term of endearment. TN. 3, 4. L.L. 5, 2. M. 3, 2. O. 4, 2. Chuff, a term of reproach, usually applied to avaricious old citizens, ahld. 2, 2. Kin to the germ. Schust, from Hufe, a measure of land, by the scyth. apia, signifying earth. S. Herodot. 4, 59. Churl, peasant, avaricious, ill bred. R.J. 5, 8. Kin to carl, wh: s. Cin que pace, a kind of lively dance, called also galliard, , the seps of which were regut

tated by the number five. MA. 2, 1.

Cinque ports, Hastings, Dover, Hithe, Rummey, Sandwich, with Winchelsex and Rye, opposite to France. Hh. 3, 1. Circuit, circle. bhf. 3, 1. From the lat. circumire. to Circumstance, to be ruled by the circumstances. 0.3, 4. Cistern, pool. M. 4, 8, 0.4, 2. Lat. cisterna. to Cite, to prove. AIV. 1, 8; to summon, incite. TG. 2, 4. bhid. 3, 2. cIIf: 2, 1. Citizen, town bred, delicate. Cy. 4, 2. Citter n, guittar. They had usually a head grotesquely carved at the extremity of the neck and finger board. Hence the jest on the face of Holofernes. LL. 5, 2. Civil, grave, decent, solemn. TN. 3, 4. R.J. 3, 2. Civil as an orange is humble and pliant as an orange, that falls off easily when ripe. MA. 2, 1. So Co. 8, 2. now humble, as the

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Clack - d is h, clap-dish, a wooden dish carried by beggars, with a moveable cover, which

they clapped and clattered to show, that it was emply. In this they received the alms. * MM. 3, 2. to Clamber, to climb, climber. H. 4, 7. Kin to clammer, germ. Klinmen, gr. Klima. Cl a mour, cHf. 5, 2. has been restored by Stee— vens for which sounded like a cannon in a vault, and explained by Voss the noise, or cry, chatter of the coroners when they place right a coffin. to Cl a mour, to vociferate, outcry. WT 4, 8. The sense of this much vexed passage (S. Douze's Ill. of Sh. I, 859.) is simply: cry till you are cloyed, and be silent afterwards! to Clap, to strike; to join, as to clap the hand for trothplighting, confirming a bargain, or match. JWT. 1, 2; to clap up, to close up, to pen up. bhif. 1, 4- AC. 4, 2. Kin to clip, clasp, perhaps grasp. to Clapper-claw, to revile, injure; hiss out,

to scorn, scold, tonguebeat. MW. 2, 3. TC.

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to Cling, to cleave, stick, adhere. HH. 1, 1; to wither, shrink, shrivel up. M. 5, 5. Clin quant, shining, glittering, glistening. HH. 1, 1. Fr. clinquant, tinsel. to Clip, to ... met. to encompass. KJ. 5, 2. Co. 1, 6. 4, 5. AC. 4, 8. WT. 5, 2. bhif. 4, 1. AC. 5, 2. O. 3, 3. Cy. 2, 3. Clock setter, ringer of the bells. KJ. 3, 1. joined with sexton. Clodpole, clodpoll, clotpoll, blockhead. Cy. 4, 2. TC. 2, 1. TN. 3, 4. Kim. to globus, Kloos. to Close, to join, come near, as in a fight, or battle. bild. 2, 1; to allay. bhd. 2, 4. Cloth. Painted cloth, old tapestry hangings with trite mottoes, and moral sentences from the mouths of the figures worked or painted in them. AL. 3, 2. Clout, mark fixed in the centre of the butts, at which archers shot for practice; metaphor. an object sought, of any sort. LL. 4, 1. KL. 4, 6. bild. 3, 2; rag, rubber. H. 2, 2. R.J. 2, 4.Kin to cloth, lat. clavus, fr. clou. Clown. The theatrical clown or fool — for these terms were sometimes used as synonymous, sometimes distinguished — seems to have been a kind of heterogeneous character, drawn in part from real life, but very considerably heightened in order to produce stage effect. His first shape is no doubt in the Vice of the old mysteries and moralities. He was different from the domestic fool, who was the inmate of every opulent house, and whose profession required a considerable degree of skill and dexterity, wherefore he enjoyed great liberties, although he did not always escape whipping. KL. 1, 4. AL. 1,2. The costume of the domestic fool in Shk's. time was of two sorts: a) a motley or partycoloured coat, attached to the body by a girdle, with bells at the skirts and elbows, breeches and hose close, sometimes each leg of a different colour; a hood resembling a monk’s cowl, sometimes decorated with asses ears, or else terminated in the neck and head of a cock. It often had the comb or crest only of the animal, whence the term corcomb. In the hand an official sceptre or bauble, a short stick ornamented at the end with the figure of a fool's head, or with that of a doll, or puppet. To this instrument there was frequently annexed an inflated skin or bladder, whose form varied, sometimes obcenely. Sometimes a strong bat or club was substituted for the bauble, sometimes a sort of slapper or rattle ornamented with bells; b) a long petticoat, of various colours, the materials often costly, as of velvet, and fringed with yellow. But there were many variations of these dresses. Instead of the hood with the cockscomb appeared a single bell and more. The head was frequently shaved, in imitation or perhaps ridicule of a monk's crown. The tails of foxes or squirrels were often suspended to the garment. Often the idiot was clothed in a calf or sheep's skin. A large purse or wallet at the girdle is a very ancient part of the fool's dress. – The practice of introducing the fools and clowns between the acts and scenes, and after the play was finished, to amuse the audience with extemporaneous wit and buffoonery has been traced from the greek and roman theatres. S. Douce's Ill. of Sh. II, 297. ss. The character of a clown aspeculiar to a country family is expressed in the word's origin from the lat. colonus, as it is derived also by Ben Jonson WI, 144.

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