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It is an



who say,

will not avail any one.

It does not ciful, but opened up an honourable way operate mechanically or magically. 'for showing mercy (see pp. 92, 93). Many will perish although Christ has III. The atonement of Christ was an died. 2. The benefits of the atone- erperdient in the government of God that ment are offered to all. There are no would answer the same end as the eternal limitations in the offer. “To you, O punishment of the transgressor. The law men, I call.” 3. The benefits of the of God requires that the transgressor atonement are conferred on all who should die; had we been left to perish believe on Christ. Faith is a condition like fallen angels, His justice and of human nature rather than of the holiness would have been eternally Gospel. Man is a voluntary being, glorified. But all that Divine justice having the power of choice. He must required is done by the substitution of choose Christ as his Saviour; trust in Christ in the sinner's place. His ability and His willingness to save ; IV. The atonement of Christ must not rest on His finished work.

He must be considered as a commercial affair, but recrive Him, or be undone for ever. a moral act. -G. Brooks: Outlines, p. 91-93.

represent sin literally as a debt : it is a crime.

Those texts which speak

of it as a debt must not be taken I. The atonement of Christ was neces- literally but figuratively. If sin were sary to save the guilty. Denied by some, merely a debt it would not be so

“God can pardon sin as aggravated in its nature as it really easily as a father pardons a disobedient is: a crime against the high authority child ;” and further contend that for of heaven. Further, if it were a debt, God to require an atonement in order God could pardon it without a sacrifice, to forgive uld be an act of unneces- as easily as a creditor can forgive a sary severity. But God is not only debtor, if disposed so to do. Christ's the “Father of mercies ;" He is also atonement is not a pecuniary payment the moral governor of the universe. of debt, but a moral satisfaction to the He has a public character to sustain, Lawgiver to atone for a crime (1 Pet. and in His public character He could i. 18, 20; H. E. I. 383). not consistently pardon sin without V. The atonement of Christ is an an atonement, any more than could a arrangement that protects the character of judye on the bench pardon a guilty God, and establishes His government eren criminal when the law required that while pardoning sinners. The character he should be punished. God is a just of God must stand unimpeached and as well as a merciful Being; and would unimpeachable, and His government not, and could not, sacrifice one attri- must stand on the unalterable laws of bute to the exaltation of another truth and justice. Now, by the sacri(Rom. v. 21).

fice of Christ sin appears exceedingly II. The atonement of Christ was not sinful, the justice of God stands out in designed to make God merciful, but to all its awful glory, and the government open up an honourable way for Him to of Jehovah (or His moral influence

It is a grievous mistake over His creatures) appears stronger to represent God the Father, all justice, than if men had never sinned, or if, and God the Son, all mercy, and to after sinning, they had been eternally suppose that by the sacrifice of Christ punished. All the perfections of God God the Father was influenced to be- harmonise even while forgiving believcome merciful. “God is love,” &c. ing sinners (Ps. lxxxv. 10, 11). Besides, the great design of saving VI. The atonement of Christ was not man originated with God the Father designed to save us in our sin, but from as such. It was from His love and it, and all its dreadful consequences. It

gave His Son to die for leads not to licentiousness, as sinners (John iii. 16; 1 John iv. 9, 10). affirm (Rom. iii. 8), but the reverse, Christ's death did not make Him mer- since it gives stronger motives for

show mercy.

mercy that He


obedience. We fear sin, not only will not be from any want of virtue because we fear hell, but because we in the atonement of Christ, but for not see how awful a thing it is, in the believing in Him for salvation (John death of Christ. We hate sin, not iii. 18; Mark xvi. 16). Have we merely because it ruined us, but be- received the atonement, or rather, recause it caused Him so much suffer- conciliation through the atonement? ing. We obey God, not merely as (Rom. v. 11.)-Studies for the Pulpit, creatures, but from love as redeemed

part 1, pp. 467-469. sinners (Matt. i. 21; Gal. vi. 14).

VII. The atonement of Christ was not made for few only, but for many. Such

THE MYSTERY OF CHRIST'S DEATH. is the aggravation of sin, that it would I. It was the good pleasure of God. have been equally necessary for Christ His eternal, wise, gracious purpose. to have suffered as He diil, if but one

II. It was

an offering for sin. Lite sinner were to be saved. His atone- for life. To expiate guilt. By Divine ment is equally sufficient for all that appointment. III. It is the source of believe (1 Jolin ii. 1, 2).

inexhaustible wonders of grace and VIII. There is no defect or insufficiency glory. A holy seed. A mysterious in the atonement of Christ to save any life.' A triumphant work.-J. Lyth, who believe, If we are not saved, it D.D.


liii. 10. He shall see His seed. Observing that Messiah, though He Of their education, Messiah Himself did no sin, suffered even unto death- has the principal charge (ch. liv. 13); astonished while they read of an incar- and the means He employs are worthy nate, obedient, and expiring God, many of Him, for He instructs them by the will ever be ready to inqnire, Why, truth of His word, by the light of His and for what great purpose, was it so? Spirit, and by the events of His proviTo all such questions, this chapter, dence. The charge is weighty, but it nay, this verse, enables us to reply. is His pleasant work. In evidence of "It pleased the Lord to bruise Him, this, He invites them to His school, &c." A part of the high remuneration arguing with them from the attractions is set forth in these few short words- of His own character, and the blessed“ He shall see His seed."

ness of such as are under His tuition I. He shall see them all born and (Matt. xi. 28–30; Prov. viii. 32–34). brought in. To Him they are children · Experience,” it is said, " is the best of sure promise (Rom. ix. 8; Gal. iv. schoolmaster;" let us, therefore, listen 28); He is acquainted with them to one who, being at once proficient individually. Messiah's offspring may in the learning of his time, and a differ much at different times, in re- partaker of heavenly wisdom, could spect of the measure of its increase.

compare and contrast the two (Phil. Now, it may be slow; anon, it may be iii. 8). rapid; but at all times, and in all III. He shall see them all supported places, the measure of its increase will and brought through. God's rich provijust accord with His own expectation dence is their inneritance for a present (Ps. cxlv. 4 ; xxii. 30, 31).

world; His sure promise is their charter II. He shall see them all educated for a better; and for all their work and brought up.

The practical object and warfare, there is more than enough is to imbue them with the spirit of in the wisdom, grace, and strength children. Great varieties may exist that are in Christ Jesus. The history as to their talents, &c.; but in one of Messiah's offspring is full of illus thing they are all alike (Jer. xxiv. 7). trations of this. VOL. II.


2 L

IV. He shall see them all perfected fore an assembled universe_" Behold and brought home. As Christ Him. 1, and the children whom God hath self was made a perfect Saviour by the given Me!” This is a home of which sufferings which He underwent, even Messiah shall not be ashamed; it will so His honour requires, and it belongs do Him infinite honour. Nor is this to His office, that He confer on all His all: arrived at home, their ineffable offspring a perfect salvation. With this and inconceivable felicity is to be view He has appointed His Church absolutely without end. for the perfecting of the saints, &c. CONCLUSION.–Our subject shows The Bible speaks of a future and fixed that Messiah’s glory is inseparably period, which it siunificantly styles the bound up with the happiness of His * manifestation of the sons of God," offspring; that the application is not and the "coming of Christ with all less certain than the purchase of His saints.” Home! delightful word redemption; it contains a seasonable to such as have sojourned in a land of and powerful antidote against undue strangers. Home! where ? To the depression in the Church (Rom. ix. house not made with hands-to the 26); it shows, also, that it is our duty prepared city, which is also the city of and our honour to concur, after our habitation, With what rapture and measure, in carrying this scripture into triumph will Messiah exclaim in the effect.-Robert Muter, D.D.: Weekly presence of His great Father, and be- Christian Teacher, vol. ii. pp. 713-718.


liji, 10. He shall prolong His days. Heb. vii, 15, 16, 25.

In these passages we have, first in II. The supreme fitness of Christ for Hebrew prophecy, and then in Chris- this vast work, is owing to His possessing tian teaching, the doctrine of the all the power of an indissoluble life. The enduring life of the Christ after His word "endless" is inadequate; it merely sufferings are over. The Old Testa- signifies a life that will not end. But ment prophet sees from afar the new the word in the original signifies a life Jife of the Messiah, in a blaze of glóry. that cannot end ;-one that is and must The New Testament prophet declares be perpetuated, by virtue of its own the life already begun, and indicates inherent energy and power. With the purposes for which that life is whatever devotion and care the highbeing spent as well as the glory with priest might bear the concerns of the which it is crowned.

Israel of God on his heart, and with 1. The Lord Jesus now lives as the whatever skill he might administer Priest upon His throne. Calvary's night Israel's affairs, he must sooner or later is over.

The Christ is not here, He resign the office, and give it up to anis risen. He has entered " within other, when death called him away. the veil,” there to appear in the pre

But the life that resides in that Christ sence of God for us, and is now the whom God raised from the dead, is a "Apostle and High Priest of our con- life infinitely full of spontaneous, selffession.” His atoning work was fin- sustaining energy, not dependent on ished on earth once for all,—His ail- aught without for its maintenance. ministrative work is being carried on There is within it no cause of decay ; in perpetuity-sustaining a like rela- there is no wasting of energy, however tion to the work accomplished by His much is spent; no outside power can death, that God's upholding of all weaken or obstruct that glorious life. things does to His first acts of creative It has in it all Divine perfections to power.

the full-strength, wisdom, intelligence, fidelity, and love-each and all

varying. Because of the Redeemer's of these being " the same yesterday, sway in heaven, the work of salvation and to-day, and for ever!” That life is advancing on earth. which is dependent on none, is the V. This great Redeemer ever living, life on which all things depend! Since this great Redemption being unvaryHis life can never be weakened by ing, is the guarantee of the salvation being decay from within, or imperilled by carried on to the utter most ! Who can assaults from without_time, which set forth all that that glorious phrase makes other power to crumble, does means? (1.) This Saviour can reach to but give grander scope for the mani- the uttermost depth of sin and guilt and festation of His Kings, thrones, and misery. His sacrifice, appropriated by empires, may rise np, flourish, decline, faith, can cause the highest pile of guilt pass away, and be succeeded by others, to disappear for ever. His power can and yet the power of Christ's endless eradicate the most inveterate and life shall be "ever new, ever young," apparently hopeless corruption. The “And firm endure, while endless years

hardest heart can be melted down by

Jesus' love—to the uttermost. Their everlasting circles ruu.”


Jesus can reach souls through the III. Because Christ's life is indissoluble, uttermost extent of His domain. No His Priesthood cannot change hands. human spirit can be too far off for conLong as the human race shall need an tact with Jesus. (3.) However varied Advocate with God, Jesus will be that the demands which may be made on Advocate to interpose on their behalf. the saved one at any moment, Christ He ever liveth with a view to interces- can help to the uttermost (H. E. I. sion. Can we frame to ourselves an 934, 945). Though the longer each intelligible conception of the method believer lives, the greater will be his of this Redeemer's interposition? demands on his Saviour, he cannot There seem to be four things involved overtax Him. This bank can be drawn in it. (1.) Christ appears in the pre- upon to the uttermost, and yet be rich sence of God for us; the seer beholds as ever! (4.) Christ's salvation can Him like a Lamb as it had been slain, lay hold of every part of our nature. bearing the marks of Calvary's work — Body, soul, and spirit; all will be marks full of their own infinite mean- sanctified by Him. (5.) Christ's saling-how He has borne away the sins vation will reach to the uttermost of the world. As that offering was point of time. (6.) However believers well pleasing to God then, so it ever may multiply- let myriads on myriads will be; neither its meaning nor its be added to the roll, for myriads on worth can change throughout eternity. myriads of ages-the salvation will be (2.) Christ pleads in the presence of large enough and strong enough for God, continuing there for sinners the all, even to the uttermost! (7.) Re. plea He urged on the Cross; continu- lievers shall be gathered unto Christ : ing for those who believe on Flim His all presented to Him, a glorious Church wondrous intercessory prayer! (3.) without spot or wrinkle, or any such He acts in the presence of God for us: thing. Then, when they are without "I go to prepare a place for you.” The fault before the throne of God, they Son of God prepares a place for us, will have proved the truth of salvation while the Spirit of God is preparing us to the uttermost! No. I am wrong. for the place. (4.) He is governing for

(4.) He is governing for They will not have proved it; they us—He is Head over all things to the will be proving it still, for, when they Church. All things are working to- reach that point which is now the gether for good to them that love "uttermostof our conception, that God, because their working is in our goal of glory will be but a starting Redeemer's hands.

point for eternity !-Clement Clemance, IV. The effect of a priesthood that is D.D.: The Christian Era, vol. i. pp. unchanging, is a redemption that is un- 39, 40.

It is


(Missionary Discourse.) liii. 10. The pleasure of the Lord shill prosper in His hand. Some have affirmed that this chapter Lord Jesus performs the purpose of relates to the mission of Jeremiah, and mercy-1. By His

atonement for to the hostile treatment he had to en- human sin. 2. By the communication counter in performing it; some that it of the Holy Spirit, by whose influence sets forth the approaching downfall and men are brought to a cordial reception subsequent exaltation of the Jewish of the Saviour's meritorious work, so nation ; some that it refers entirely to as to render that work their own. the history of the Messiah. The for- III. Under the administration of mer two of these interpretations have the Lord Jesus the purpose of mercy been suggested only under the influ- shall be perfectly and triumphantly ence of mental perversion, and are accomplished. Every Divine purpose utterly untenable. The last is con- is certain to be accomplished (Isa. xlvi. firmed by the best evidence that can 9-11; Ps. xxxiii. 11). But apart from be afforded. Philip declared that this this veneral reason, the certainty of the prophecy referred to Jesus (Acts viii. accomplishment of the work which has 35). On several ocrasions in the New been entrusted to the Lord Jesus rests, Testament the prophecy is expressly 1. On His own character. announced as having been fulfilled essentially Divine. His proper Deity in Christ. The whole course of the imparts to His atoning sacrifice an Saviour's life, and the circumstances absolute fulness of merit, and renders associated with His final sufferings and failure in His work impossible. death, correspond so exactly with the 2. On the Divine assurance solemnly description given by the prophet, that pledged to that effect (Isa. liii. 10, 11; Phil. had he been a personal witness of that ii. 9-11; John xii. 32; Heb. xii. 12, 13). course and of these circumstances, bis APPLICATION. God has formed a statements could not have been more purpose of mercy toward mankind. accurate or more striking.

Hence-1. Those theologies are false I. God has formed a purpose of which represent God as a God of venmercy toward mankind. “The plea- geance. In the Scriptures He appears sure of the Lord” (Eph. i. 9; ii. 11). in consistency with all His perfections His purpose was—1. Formed before as the God of love. The redemption the foundations of the earth were laid. of our race is His "pleasure.” 2. Manifested on earth as soon as the 2. The perfect unity of the Father need of mercy existed, in the promise with the Son is exemplified in the made to our first parents even on the entrustment of this work to the Son, day that they sinned. 3. Unfolded He came into the world, and “made more and more clearly to patriarchs His soul an offering for sin,” not to and prophets. 4. Fully disclosed in change the Father's purposes but to the Christian economy.

fulfil them (see p. 92). II. The fulfilment of this purpose of 3. If we sympathise with this purmercy is committed to the Lord Jesus. pose, which God cherished from all The pleasure of the Lord is in His eternity, and in the fulness of time enhand. It was He to whom the first trusted to Christ forits accomplishment, promise referred (Gen. iii. 15); of let us show that we do so by making whom Abraham was informed (Gen. known to all nations the glad tidings of xxvi. 4); whose coming Jacob antici

If we cannot personally pated (Gen. xlix. 10); and of whom carry to perishing men the good news, Moses and all the prophets wrote and let us do our utmost to send it.-James spoke (Deut. xviii. 18, &c.). The Parsons : Christian World Pulpit, i. 440.

His grace.

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