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great elixir.

also by passing the grain between two flat stones ver, but in having more in proportion than our of a circular form, the upper of which turns neighbours, whereby we are enabled to procure to round upon the other, but at such a distance ourselves a greater plenty of the conveniences of life from it as not to break the intermediate grain. than comes within their reach, who, sharing the gold The operation is performed on a large scale in and silver of the world in less proportion, want the mills turned by water ; the axis of the wheel car

means of plenty and power, and so are poorer. Id.

There are who fondly studious of increase, rying several arms, which, by striking upon the

Rich foreign mold on their ill-natured land ends of levers, raise them in the samne manner as Induce.

Philips. is done by treading on them. Sometimes twenty Chemists seek riches by transmutation and the of these levers are worked at once. The straw

Sprat. from which the grain has been disengaged is cut I amused myself with the richness and variety of chiefly into chaff, to serve as provender for the colours in the western parts of heaven. Spectator. very few cattle employed in Chinese husbandry. This town is famous for the richness of the soil. The labor of the first crop being finished, the

Addison ground is immediately prepared for the reception

There is such licentiousness among the basest of of fresh seeds. The first operation underlaken the people, that one would not be sorry to see them is that of pulling up the stubble, collecting it bestowing upon one another a chastisement which

Addison, into small heaps, which are burnt, and the ashes they so richly deserve.

If life be short, it shall be glorious, scattered upon the field. The former processes Each minute shall be rich in some great action. are afterwards renewed. The second crop is

Rove. generally ripe late in October or early in No

He may look upon the rich as benefactors, who vember. The grain is treated as before; but the have beautified the prospect all around him. Seed. stubble is no longer burnt. It is turned under What riches give us, let us first enquire ; with the plough, and left to putrefy in the earth. Meat, fire, and cloaths; what more ? meat, cloaths, This, with the slime brought upon the ground by

and fire.

Pope. inundation, is the only manure employed in

After a man has studied the laws of England, the the culture of rice.'

reading the reports of adjudged cases will richly im. RICH, adj.

Watts. Fr, riche ; Ital. ricco; Sax. prove him. Ricu'ED, rica. Ric is also a common

Matilda never was meanly dressed in her life; and Rich'es, n. s. northern affix, denoting rich, rich and beautiful to the eye. nothing pleases her in dress but that which is very

Lau. Ricu'ly, adv. as in Alaric, Frederic, &c.

Sauces and rich spices are fetched from India. Rich'ness. Wealthy; abounding in money

Baker. or possessions; opulent; plentiful : all the deri Can all the wealth of India's co vatives corresponding.

Atone for years in absence lost? l'he rich shall not give more, and the poor no less. Return, ye moments of delight,

Erodus. With richer treasures bless my sight! Burns. Of virtue you have left proof to the world; Rich (John), a pantomimic actor of the last And virtue is grateful with beauty and richness century, attracted general admiration in his youth adorned.

Sidney. by the performance of Harlequin. In expressI am as rich in having such a jewel,

ing the feelings of the mind by dumb show, his As twenty seas, if all their sand were pearl.

Shakspeare.

power was inimitable, and superseded much of In Belmont is a lady richly left,

the necessity of vocal language. He rendered And she is fair, of wondrous virtues.

Id. pantomime so fascinating that, with the assistance Of all these bounds,

of an indifferent company, he secured a large With shadowy forests, and with champaigns riched, share of the public attention, though opposed by With plenteous rivers and wide skirted meads, the dramatic genius of Garrick. In 1733 he reWe make thee lady.

Id. King Lear. moved his company from Lincoln's-inn-fields to The instrumentalness of riches to charity has ren Covent Garden, where he was manager till his dered it necessary by laws to secure propriety. death, in December 1761, during the run of a

Hammond,

grand spectacle. His education had been so negWomen richly gay

in
geins

Milton.

lected that he could neither write nor speak with Earth, in her rich attire,

common propriety. Among other peculiarities Consummate lovely smiled. Groves whose rich trees wept odorous gums and he was speaking, by the appellation of . Mister,

he had a habit of addressing persons to whom balm. The gorgeous East with richest hand

and, on his applying this to Foote, the latter anPour on her sons barbaric pearl and gold.

grily asked him, why he could not call him by In animals, some smells are found more richly than his name? • Don't be offended,' Rich replied, 'Í in plants.

Browne's Vulgar Errours. sometimes forget my own name.' •Indeed!" So we the Arabian coast do know

said Foote, “I knew you could not write your At distance, when the spices blow,

own name; but I could not have supposed you By the rich odour laught to steer,

should forget it. Though neither day nor star appear.

Waller.

RICHARD op CIRENCESTER, thus named Rich was his soul, though his attire was poor,

from his birth-place, was a Benedictine and an As heaven had cloathed his own ambassador.

English historian of the fourteenth century. No Dryden.

traces remain of his history ; except that he beThe lively tincture of whose gushing blood

Id. Should clearly prove the richness of his food.

came a monk of the abbey of St. Peter, WestSeveral nations of the Americans are rich in land, minster, in 1350, and that his name occurs in and poor in all the comforts of life.

Locke. various documents of that monastery in 1387, Riches do not consist in having more gold and sil- 1397, and 1399. Towards the close of his life

Id.

Id.

he visited Rome; but returned to Westminster, Criticism as it relates to painting ; 2. An Arguand died there in 1401. He wrote Historia ab ment in behalf of the Science of a Connoisseur, Hengista ad an. 1348, in two parts, still remain- bound in 1 vol. 8vo. In 1722 came forth An ing a MS.; bis principal work is a Description of Account of some of the statues, bas-reliefs, Britain, first published in Latin at Copenhagen, drawings, and pictures, in Italy, &c., with in 1767, and more recently in Latin and Eng- Remarks by Mr. Richardson, senior and junior. lish, with a commentary and maps by Mr. Hat- The son made the journey; and from his notes, cher, 1809, 8vo.

letters, and observations, they both at his return RICHARD (Louis Claude Marie), one of the compiled this work. In 1734 they published a most eminent modern botanists, was born at very thick 8vo., containing explanatory notes Versailles September 4th, 1754, and the son of and remarks on Milton's Paradise Lost, with the the keeper of the royal gardens at Auteuil. He life of the author, and a treatise on the poem. studied at the college of Vernon, and the Maza- Besides his pictures and commentaries, we have rin College, Paris. Here he partly supported a few etchings by his hand, particularly two or himself by making drawings for architects, and three of Milton, and his own head. The sale of at the same time assiduously applied himself to his collection of drawings, in February 1747, botany, anatomy, and zoology. While very lasted eighteen days, and produced about £2060. young, he presented several memoirs to the Aca- RICHARDSON (Samuel), a celebrated English demy, which attracted the notice of Jussieu, who novel writer, born in 1688. "He was educated gave him the use of his library and cabinet. In as a printer, and, though he is said to have un1781 he sailed from France on a voyage of re- derstood no language but his own, yet he acquirsearch to French Guyana with the title of natu- ed great reputation by his three novels, entitled ralist to the king, and returned in 1789, bringing Pamela, Clarissa, and Sir Charles Grandison. with him a herbal of 1000 plants, most of which A stroke of the palsy carried off Mr. Richardson, were newly discovered, beside other collections after a few days' illness, upon the 4th of July in natural history. During the political disturb- 1761. Besides the works above-mentioned, he ances of the period his labors were neglected; but, is the author of an Æsop's Fables, a Tour when the school of medicine was established, he through Britain, 4 vols., and a volume of Famiwas appointed professor of botany; and, on the liar Letters upon business and other subjects. formation of the Institute, he was a member of The most eminent writers, both of our own the first class in the section of zoology. He was and of other countries, have paid their tribute also a corresponding member of the Royal So- to the transcendant talents of Mr. Richardciety of London, and of the legion of honor. He son, whose works have been published in died June 7th, 1821. The researches of Richard almost every language and country of Euwere chiefly directed to the comparative anatomy rope. Dr. Johnson, in his introduction to of plants, on which he published a number of the ninety-seventh number of the Rambler, which valuable Memoirs, besides which he was the au was written by Mr. Richardson, observes that thor of Demonstrations Botaniques, ou Analyse the reader was indebted for that day's entertaindu Fruit considéré en general, 1803, 8vo. ment to an author, “ from whom the age has re

RICHIARDIA, in botany, a genus of the mo ceived greater favors; who has enlarged the nogynia order, and hexandria class of plants; knowledge of human nature, and taught the pasnatural order forty-seventh, stellatæ : cal. sex- sions to move at the command of virtue.'" In partite : cor. monopetalous, and subcylindrical; his life of Rowe, he adds, ' It was in the power and there are three seeds. Species one only, of Richardson alone to teach us at once esteem a herb of Vera Cruz.

and detestation; to make virtuous resentment RICHARDS (Nathaniel), a dramatic writer overpower all the benevolence which wit, and in the reign of Charles I., and a fellow of Caius elegance, and courage, naturally excite; and to College, Cambridge, where he took his degree of lose at last the hero in the villain.' A. B. in 1634. He wrote a tragedy entitled RICHELET (Cæsar Peter), a French writer, Messalina, published in 1640, which was acted born in 1631, at Chemin in Champagne. He with applause. He also wrote some poems,

was the friend of Patru and Ablancourt. He published in 1645.

compiled a dictionary of the French language, of RICHARDSON (Jonathan), a celebrated which the best edition is that of Lyons, 3 vols. painter of heads, was born about 1665, and was folio, 1728. He also collected a small dictionary placed by his father-in-law apprentice to a scri- of rhymes He died in 1698. vener, with whom he lived six years; when, oh RICHELIEU (John Armand du Plessis de), taining his freedom by the death of his master, cardinal of Richelieu and Fronsac, bishop of he at twenty years old became the disciple of Lucon, &c., was born at Paris in 1585. At the Reilly; with whom he lived four years, whose age of twenty-two he obtained a dispensation to piece he married, and of whose style he acquired enjoy the bishopric of Lucon in 1607. Returnenough to maintain a solid and lasting reputation ing to France, he applied himself to preaching ; even during the lives of kneller and Dahl, and and bis reputation procured him the office of alto remain at the head of the profession when moner to the queen Mary de Medicis. His abi. they died. He died suddenly at his house in lities in the management of affairs advanced him Queen's square on May 28th, 1745, in the eigh- to be secretary of state in 1616: and the king tieth year of his age. His son was also a man soon gave him the preference to all his other seof learning, as appears from the works they pub- cretaries. On the death of the marquis of Ancre, lished conjunctly. The father, in 1719, publish- Richelieu retired to Avignon, where he employed two discourses: 1. An Essay on the Art of ed himself in composing various theological VOL. XVIIJ.

? Q

works. The king having recalled him to court, Richmond, a rich, populous, and elegant vilhe was made a cardinal in 1622, and two years lage of England, in Surrey, seated on the bank of after first minister of state, and grand master of the Thames. It was anciently called Sheen, which the navigation. In 1626 the Isle of Rhe was in the Saxon signifies resplendent. It had a royal preserved by his care, and Rochelle taken, hav- palace, in which Richard II. and Edward I., II., ing stopped up the haven by the famous dike and III. resided, and the latter died in it. In which he ordered to be made there. He accom- 1497 it was burnt, but Henry VII. rebuilt it in panied the king to the siege of Cazal, and con- 1501, and gave the place its present name, from tributed to the raising of it in 1629. He also his title of earl of Richmond, before he was king, obliged the Huguenots to the peace of Alets, He and his grand-daughter queen Elizabeth died which proved the ruin of that party: he took in it. Richmond is famous for its beautiful Pomeral, and succored Camal, when besieged royal gardens, which in summer are open to the by Spinola. In the mean time the nobles found public every Sunday; as well for its elegant and fault with his conduct, and endeavoured to per- extensive park. It has also a fine observatory. suade the king to discard him. The cardinal, An elegant stone bridge of five arches was bere however, instead of being disgraced, from that erected over the Thames in 1777. It is nine moment became more powerful than ever, and miles W.S.W. of London. obtained a greater ascendancy over the king's Richmond, a county of Virginia, bounded on mind; and he now resolved to humble the ex- the north by Westmoreland county, on the northcessive pride of the house of Austria. For that east by Westmoreland and Northumberland purpose he concluded a treaty with Gustavus counties, on the south-east by Lancaster county, Adolphus king of Sweden to carry the war and on the south-west by the Rappahannock. into the heart of Germany. He also entered Richmond, a city, port of entry, and the me into a league with the duke of Bavaria ; secured 'tropolis of Virginia, in Henrico county, on the Lorrain ; raised a part of the princes of the em- north side of James River, between fifty and pire against the emperor ; treated with the Dutch sixty miles, by the course of the river, above to continue the war against Spain; favored the City Point, and 150 miles from its mouth, imCatalans and Portuguese till they shook off the mediately below the falls, at the head of tide Spanish yoke; and, after having carried on the water, and opposite Manchester, with which it war with success, was about to conclude it by a is connected by two bridges : twenty-five miles peace, when he died in Paris on the 4th of De- north of Petersburg. The city was formerly dicember, 1642, aged fifty-eight. He was interred vided into two sections, the upper or westem in the Sorbonne, where a magnificent mausoleum part, called Shockoe Hill, and the lower part was erected to his memory. This great politi- Richmond, separated by Shockoe Creek, a small cian made the arts and sciences flourish ; form- rivulet; but these distinctions are now going out ed the botanical garden at Paris, called the king's of use, and the sections are united together. The garden ; founded the French Academy; estab- situation is highly picturesque, beautiful, and lished the royal printing-house ; erected the pa- healthy; and Richmond is one of the most floulace afterwards called Le Palais Royal, which rishing, wealthy, and commercial cities in the he presented to the king; and rebuilt the Sor- United States. bonne with a magnificence that appears truly It contains about 800 houses built of brick, royal. Besides his books of controversy and many of them elegant, and about 600 built of piety, there go under the name of this minister wood; 'a glass-house, a sugar refinery, an iron A Journal, in 2 vols. 12mo. ; and a Political foundry, a rolling and slitting mill, a cotton manuTestament, 12mo.; all treating of politics and factory, eight tobacco warehouses, two insurance state affairs. Cardinal Mazarine pursued Riche- offices, three banks, including a branch of the lieu's plan, and completed many of the schemes United States bank; a capitol, or state-house, a which he had begun, but left unfinished. house for the governor, an armory, a peniten

RICHLIEU, Chambly, or Sorel River, a tiary, a court house, a jail, an alms house, two river of Lower Canada, which flows from Lake market houses, a public library containing about Champlain in a northerly course, and joins the 3000 volumes, a museum, a Lancasterian school, St. Lawrence.

and eight houses of public worship; two for Richlieu Islands, a cluster of islands in the Episcopalians, one for Presbyterians, one for St. Lawrence, situated at the south-west entrance Baptists, two for Methodists, one for Friends, of Lake St. Peter, nearly 100 in number. Seve- and a Jews' synagogue. ral of them are cleared, and afford good pastur The falls extend nearly six miles, in which age for cattle. They lie very low, and abound distance the river descends eighty feet. A canal in wild fowl.

with three locks is cut on the north side of the RICHMOND, a market town, borough, and river, terminating at the town in a basia of about parish of Yorkshire, pleasantly situate on the two acres. Few cities, situated so far from the river Swale, which encompasses nearly half the sea, possess better commercial advantages than the town. It sends two members to the imperial Richmond, being at the head of tide water, on a parliament. It has a market on Saturday, two river navigable for batteaux 220 miles above the churches, and many handsome houses of stone. city, and having an extensive and fertile back It had anciently a castle, built by Alan, earl of country, abundant in the production of tobacco, Richmond, one of the followers of William the wheat, corn, hemp, coal, &c. It has an extenConqueror. It is forty-four miles north-west of sive inland trade, and its foreign commerce is York, sixty south-east of Lancaster, and 234 considerable. The shipping owned here, in 1816, N.N.W. of London,

amounted to 9943 tons. James River is gavi

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gable to Warwick for vessels drawing fifteen or something resembling a bunch of grapes; the sixteen feet water, and to Rockets, just below flowers are small and staminous, but on the Richmond, for vessels drawing ten feet. The body of the plant grow bunches of rough trianexports of the city consist of tobacco, flour, coal, gular husks, each containing three speckled seeds, and various articles of produce.

generally somewhat less than horse beans; the The Virginia armory is an extensive establish- shell is brittle, and contains white kernels of a ment, and there are annually manufactured in sweet, oily, and nauseous taste. Of the ricinus it upwards of 4000 stands of arms, 300 rifles, there are many varieties; all of them fine maand 1000 cavalry swords and pistols. The peni- jestic plants, annual, or at most biennial, in this tentiary is under good regulations, and con- country; but in their native soil they are said tained, in 1818, 170 prisoners. The new court to be perennial both in root and stem. They are house is a very spacious and elegant edifice. propagated by seeds sown on a hot-bed, and The capitol is built on a commanding situation require the same treatment as other tender exon Schockoe Hill, and is a very conspicuous otics. object to the surrounding country. The design 2. R. communis, or common palma Christi. was taken from La Maison Quarée at Nismes, This tree is of speedy growth, as in one year it and the model was obtained by Mr. Jefferson, arrives at its full height, which seldom exceeds while minister there. The edifice, however, twenty feet. The trunk is subligneous; the falls greatly short of the model. Richmond is pith is large; the leaves broad and palmated ; at present in a very tourishing and improving the flower spike is simple, and thickly set with state. In 1811, on the 26th of December, the yellow blossoms in the shape of a cone; the captheatre at Richmond took fire during an exhibi- sules are triangular and prickly, containing three tion, and, in the conflagration, seventy-two per- smooth gray mottled seeds. When the bunches sons lost their lives, among whom were George begin to turn black, they are gathered, dried in William Smith, esq., governor of the state, and the sun, and the seeds picked out. They are other persons of respectability. An elegant afterwards put up for use as wanted, or for exEpiscopal church of brick, styled the Monumen- portation. Castor oil is obtained either by extal Church, has since been erected on the spot, pression or by decoction. A large iron pot or with a monument in front, commemorative of boiler is first prepared, and half filled with the melancholy event.

water. The nuts' are then beaten in parcels in RICHTER (Otto Frederick Von), an oriental deep wooden mortars, and after a quantity is traveller of modern times, was born in Livonia, beaten it is thrown into the iron vessel. The in 1792. He went to Moscow at the age of six- fire is then lighted, and the liquor is gently teen to study modern Greek, and afterwards to boiled for two hours, and kept constantly stirred. Heidelberg, where he applied'himself to the Ara- About this time the oil begins to separate, and bic and Persian. He then travelled in Switzer- swims on the top, mixed with a white froth, land and Italy, and continued his studies under the and is skimmed off till no more rises. The celebrated Hammer, at Vienna. He now went skimmings are heated in a small iron pot, and with Lindemann, the secretary to the Swedish strained through a cloth. When cold, it is put up embassy, to Egypt, where they were well re in jars or bottles for use. Castor oil, thus made, ceived by Mohamed Ali; and, having travelled is clear and well flavored, and if put into proper up the Nile as far as Ibrim, returned to Alex- bottles will keep sweet for years. The expressed andria with a rich collection of drawings, &c. castor oil soon turns rancid, because the muciAt Cairo, in August, 1815, they narrowly escaped laginous and acrid parts of the nut are squeezed destruction during a mutiny of Ali's troops. out with the oil. On this account the preference They then proceeded by sea to Jaffa, and thence is given to well prepared oil by decoction. An to Acre, where they separated, and Richter alone English gallon of the seeds yields about two travelled through Palestine, Syria, Asia Minor, pounds of oil. This oil is fit for all the purposes and the Isles, and then went to Constantinople of the painter, or for the apothecary in ointments to deposit his collections. Having done so, he and plasters. As a medicine, it purges without re-embarked, and, arriving at Smyrna, was there stimulus, and is so mild as to be given to inseized with a fever, which terminated his life, fants soon after birth, to purge off the meconium. August 13th, 1816. M. Ewers, his tutor, pub- All oils are. noxious to insects, but the castor oil lished O. F. Von Richter’s Wallfahrten im Mor- kills and expels them. See PHARMACY and genlande, Berlin, 1822, 8vo, with a folio atlas. MATERIA MEDICA. RICINUS, or palma Christi

, in botany, a RICIUS (Paul), a converted Jew, who flougenus of the monodelphia order and monæcia rished in the sixteenth century, and taught phiclass of plants; natural order thirty-eighth, tri- losophy at Pavia with great reputation. The coccæ: MALE CAL. quinquepartite: cor. none: emperor Maximilian appointed him one of his the stamina numerous : FEMALE CAL. tripartite: physicians. He is famous for his dispute with cor. none: but three bifid styles : Caps. trilo- Eckius upon the nature of celestial bodies. cular, and a single seed. There are six species. RICK, n. s. See Reek. A pile of corn or The most remarkable are these :

hay regularly heaped up and sheltered. 1. R. Americanus grows as tall as a small Mice and rats do great injuries in the field, houses, tree, and deserves a place in every curious gar- barns, and corn riiks. Moriimer's Husbandry. den. It expands into many branches; the leaves

In the North they bind them up in small bundles, are sometimes two feet in diameter, and the stem and make small ricks of them in the field, H. as large as a middle-sized broom staff; towards

An inundation the top of the branch it has a cluster of flowers, O'erflowed a farmer's barn and stable;

Rid me,

nen.

Whole ricks of hay and stacks of corn

unilocular, oblong, and compressed, with plain Were down the sudden current born. Swift. valvules. RIC'KETS, n. s. Lat. rachitis, of Gr. paxıs,

RID', o.a.

Sax. pressan. In the the spine. A disorder of the spine.

Rid'DANCE, n. s. ) preterite ridded or rid; in In some years, liver-grown, spleen, and rickets are

the passive participle rid. To set free; redeem; put together, by reason of their likeness.

clear; hence drive away; despatch : the noun Graunt's Bills of Mortality.

substantive corresponding. O were my pupil fairly knocked o’ th' head, I will bring you out from under their burthens, I should possess the estate, if he were dead; and rid you out of their bondage. Erodus ri. 6. He's so far gone with the rickets and the evil,

and deliver me out of great waters. That one small dose will send him to the devil.

Psalm cxlis. Dryden.

They were not before so willing to be rid of their So when at school we first declaim,

learned pastor, as now importunate to obtain him Old Busby walks us in a theme,'

again from them, who had given him entertainment. Whose props support our infant vein,

Hooker. And help the rickets in the brain ;

Deliverance from sudden death, riddance from all But when our souls their force dilate,

adversity, and the extent of saving mercy towards all Our thoughts grow up to wit's estate. Prior.

Id. The rickets is a distemper in children, from an un

I must rid all the seas of pirates. Shakspeare. equal distribution of nourishment, whereby the joints Having the best at Barnet field, grow knotty, and the limbs uneven ; its cure is per- We'll thither straight; for willingness rids away. formed by evacuation and friction. Quincy.

Id. In a young animal, when the solids are too lax, Ah deathsmen! you have rid this sweet young the case of rickety children, the diet should be gently prince. astringent.

Arbuthnot.

I have too grieved a heart

To take a tedious leave : thus losers part. RICKETS. See MEDICINE.

-A gentle riddance.

Id. RICKMANSWORTH, a market town and parish of Herts, situate on the river Colne, two Three of thy crew, to rid thee of that care.

Upon the word stept forth miles and a half west from Watford, and seven

Ben Jonson, teen north-west from London. The number of

I can put on rivulets in and about the town are employed to Thy terrors, as I put thy mildness on, turn several flour, silk, cotton, and paper mills, Image of thee in all things ; and shall soon, and many of the females of the town manufac- Armed with thy might, rid heaven of these rebelled. ture straw bonnets for London. The church is

Milton. a spacious building, and there is also a charity

Those blossoms, and those dropping gums, school and two almshouses. The town is go- That lie bestrown, unsightly and unsmooth,

Id. verned by two constables and two headboroughs. Ask riddance, if we mean to tread with ease. Market-day, Saturday.

Did saints for this bring in their plate ? RICOCIÍ ET, in gunnery, is when guns, how- Happy was he that could be rid on't.

For when they thought the cause had need on't,

Hudibras. itzers, or mortars, are loaded with small charges, and elevated from five to twelve degrees, so that, Resolved at once to rid himself of pain.

The god, uneasy till he slept again,

Dryden. when fired over the parapet, the shot or shell By this the cock had a good riddance of his rival. rolls along the opposite rampart. This is called

L'Estrunge. ricochet firing, and the batteries ricochet batte The greater visible good does not always raise ries. At the battle of Rosbach, in 1757, Frederick men's desire, in proportion to the greatness it apking of Prussia had several six-inch mortars pears to have ; though every little trouble moves us,

Locke. made with trunnions, and mounted on travelling and sets us on work to get rid of it, carriages, which fired obliquely on the enemy's

The ladies asked, whether we believed that the lines, and amongst their horse, loaded with eight have loaden themselves with their wives ; or rather,

men of any town would, at the same conjuncture, ounces of powder, and at an elevation of one degree fifteen minutes, which did great execution;

whether they would not have been glad of such an

Addison. for the shells rolling along the lines, with burn. opportunity to get rid of them ? ing fuzes, the soldiers did not dare preserve

RID'DLE, n. s., v. a., &?

Danish ride ; their ranks for fear of their bursting.

Rid'dlingly, adv. [v. n. Š Swed. rida; Goth. The first gun in a ricochet battery should be reida ; Sax. rædels, from rædan, to divine. An so placed as to sweep the whole length of the enigma ; puzzle; puzzling question : to solve a rampart of the enemy's work, at three or four riddle; speak enigmatically: in the manner of feet from the parapet, and the rest should form a riddle. as small an angle with the parapet as possible.

How did dare For this purpose the guns should be pointed. To trade and traffic with Macbeth, about four fathoms from the face of the work In riddles and in charms of death? Shakspeare. toward the interior. In the ricochet of ordnance Be plain good son, and homely in thy drift;

Id. in the field, the objects to be fired at being prin- Riddling confession finds but riddling shift. cipally infantry and cavalry, the guns should

Though like the pestilence and old fashioned love seldom be elevated above three degrees, as other- Riddlingly it catch men, and doth remove wise the ball would be apt 10 bound too high, Never, till it be starved out, yet their state is poor.

Donne. and defeat the object intended. See FortiFi

The Theban monster that proposed

Her riddle, and him who solved it not devoured ; RICOTIA, in botany, a genus of the siliquosa That once found out, and solved, for grief and spighi order and tetradynamia class of plants; natural Cast herself headlong from the Ismenian steep. order thirty-ninth, silaquosæ. "The siliqua is

Milton.

you

CATION.

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