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duty or tax, were transmitted to posterity after this with miraculous operation, or with strong and invinmanner.
Addison. cible remonstrance of sound reason. Hooker. A compact among private persons furnished out You may marvel why I would not rather the several remittances.
Id. on Italy. Make rash remonstrance of my hidden power, I remit me to themselves, and challenge their na Than let him be so lost.
Shakspeare. tural ingenuity to say, whether they have not some A large family of daughters have drawn up a retimes such shiverings within them?
monstrance, in which they set forth that, their father Government of the Tongue. having refused to take in the Spectator, they offered n September and October these diseases do not to abate the article of bread and butter in the tea abate or remit in proportion to the remission of the table.
Addison's Spectator. sun's heat.
Woodward. Importunate passions surround the man, and will The great concern of God for our salvation is so not suffer him to attend to the remonstrances of jus. far from an argument of remissness in us, that it tice.
Rogers. ought to excite our utmost care. Rogers's Sermons. REM'ORA, n. s. Lat. remora. A let or ob
Jack, through the remissness of constables, has al- stacle : a fish' or worm that sticks to ships, and ways found means to escape.
retards their passage. Another ground of the bishop's fears is the remis
Of fishes you shall find in arms the whale, bersion of the first fruits and tenths.
ring, roach, and remora. Peacham on Blazoning, When our passions remit, the vehemence of our speech remits too. Broome's Notes on the Odyssey.
The remora is about three-quarters of a yard long;
his body before three inches and a half over ; thence REM'NANT, n. s. & adj. Corrupted from tapering to the tail end; his mouth two inches and REMANENT, which see. Residue ; that which is a half over : his chops ending angularly; the nether left; or that remains; remaining.
a little broader, and produced forward near an inch ; Poor key-cold figure of a holy king!
his lips rough with a great number of little prickles. Thou bloodless remnant of that royal blood,
Greu. Be't lawful that I invocate thy ghost? Shakspeare. Remora, the sucking fish, a species of
It seems that the remnant of the generation of men Echeneis, which see. were in such a deluge saved.
REMORSE', n. s. Fr. remords; Lat. rebreathing by cessation, without which they saw no
Pain of guilt; probability to preserve the remnant that had yet es
S reproach of conscience? caped.
hence tenderness; pity : the adjective corresThe remnant of my tale is of a length
ponding To tire your patience. Dryden's Knight's Tale.
Many little esteem of their own lives, yet for rs. A feeble army and an empty senate,
morse of their wives and children, would be withheld. Remnants of mighty battles fought in vain.
The rogues slighted me into the river, with as litIt bid her feel
tle remorse as they would have drowned a bitch's No future pain for me ; but instant wed
Shakspeare. A lover more proportioned to her bed ;
O Eglamour, think not I flatter, And quiet dedicate her remnant life
Valiant and wise, remorseful, well accomplished. To the just duties of an humble wife. Prior.
Id. See the poor remnants of these slighted hairs;
Eurylochus straight hasted the report My hands shall rend what even thy rapine spares. Of this his fellows most remorseful fate. Chapman.
Not that he believed they could be restrained from The frequent use of the latter was a remnant of that impious act by any remorse of conscience, or popery, which never admitted scripture in the vulgar that they had not wickedness enough to design and tongue. ,
Clarendon. REMO (St.), a sea-port of the Sardinian states, Where were the nymphs, when the remorseless deep in the Genoa territory. It is built on an emi: Closed o'er the head of your lov'd Lycidas?
Milton. nence rising gently from the Mediterranean. The gardens of orange and lemon trees with which Curse on the unpardoning prince, whom tears can it is surrounded render it a most delightful spot. To no remorse ; who rules by lion's law. Dryden.
draw The cathedral churches and college, are the only
O the inexpressible horrour that will seize upon a public edifices worth notice. The port is shallow, sinner, when he stands arraigned at the bar of divine and admits only small vessels. In 1745, this justice! when he shall see his accuser, his judge, place was bombarded by the British. Popula- the witnesses, all his remorseless adversaries ! tion 7500. Twenty-two miles east by north of
South's Sermons, Nice, and sixty-six south-east of Genoa.
REMOTE', adj. Lat. remotus. Distant; REMOL"TEN, part. Re and molt. Melted
REMOTE’LY, adv. alien; abstracted; foagain.
Remote'ness, n. s.) reign : the adverb and It were good to try in glass works, whether the
noun substantive corresponding.
Milton. REMON'STRATE, v. n. ? Fr. remonstrer ;
An unadvised transiliency from the effect to the remotest cause.
Glancille. REMON'STRANCE, n. s.
Latin remonstro. To represent strongly; show reason in strong thinly inhabited, at least not remotely planted before
It is commonly opinioned that the earth was terms : show; discovery (not in use); strong the flood.
The joys of heaven are like the stars, which by The same God which revealeth it to them, would also reason of our remoteness appear extremely little. give them power of confirming it unto others, either
Titian employed brown and earthly colours upon To heare, from out the high-hatred oake of Jove, the forepart, and has reserved his greater light for Counsaile from him, for means to his remove remoteness and the back part of his landscapes. To his loved country:
Chapman. Dryden. He longer in this paradise to dwell Two lines in Mezentius and Lausus are indeed Permits not; to remove thee I am come, remotely allied to Virgil's sense, but too like the And send thee from the garden forth to till tenderness of Ovid.
Id. The ground.
Milton's Paradise Lost. In this parrow scantling of capacity, it is not all This place should be both school and university, remote and even apparent good that affects us. not needing a remove to any other house of scholar
Milton. If the greatest part of bodies escape our notice by What is early received in any considerable their remoteness, others are no less concealed by their strength of impress, grows into our tender natures ; minuteness.
ld. and therefore is of difficult remove. How, while the fainting Dutch remotely fire,
Glanville's Scepsis. And the famed Eugene's iron troops retire,
The consequent strictly taken, may be a fallacious In the first front amidst a slaughtered pile,
illation, in reference to antecedency or consequence; High on the mound he died.
Smith. as to conclude from the position of the antecedent Remote from men, with God he passed his days; unto the position of the consequent, or from the rePrayer all his business; all his pleasure, praise. motion of the consequent to the remotion of the ante
Browne's Vulgar Errours. Ilis obscurities generally arise from the remoteness So looked Astrea, her remove designed, of the customs, persons, and things he alludes to. On those distressed friends she left behind. Waller.
A short exile must for show precede;
The term expired, from Candia they remove,
And happy each at home enjoys his love. Dryden.
The sitting still of a paralytick, whilst he presers RemoʻTION, n. s. [n. s. | removeo. To put it to a removal, is voluntary.
Locke. REMO'VABLE, adj.
from its place; They are farther removed from a title to be innate, REMO'val, n. s.
place at a dis- and the doubt of their being native impressions on REMOVED', adj.
tance: as a verb the mind, is stronger against these moral principles REMO'Vedness, n. s. neuter, to change than the other.
place; to go from In all the visible corporeal world, quite down from place to place: as a noun substantive remove is us, the descent is by easy steps, and a continued sesynonymous with removal, and means change of ries of things, that in each remove differ very little place; state of being removed ; departure; act
one from the other.
Id. of changing place or putting away; step in a has produced such popular commotions, the conti
If the removal of these persons from their posts scale of gradation; a small distance: remotion nuance of them might have produced something more also is the act of removing, or state of being fatal.
Addison. removed : : removed, removedness, and remover, A freeholder is but one remove from a legislator, correspond with remove verb active: removable and ought to stand up in the defence of those laws. is such as may be removed.
Id. He removeth away the speech of the trusty, and
In such a chapel, such curate is removeable at the taketh away the understanding of the aged. pleasure of the rector of the mother church. Ayliffe. Job xii. 20. How oft from pomp and state did I remove,
Prior. The Irish bishops have their clergy in such sub- To feed despair ! jection that they dare not complain of them; for
The fiercest contentions of men are between creaknowing their own incapacity, and that they are tures equal in nature, and capable, by the greatest therefore removeable at their bishop's will, they yield distinction of circumstances, of but a very small rewhat pleaseth him. Spenser. move one from another.
Rogers. By which removal of one extremity with another,
The removal of such a disease is not to be atthe world, seeking to procure a remedy, hath pur- tempted by active remedies, no more than a thorn chased a mere exchange of the evil before felt. in the flesh is to be taken away by violence. Hooker.
Arbuthnot. All this safety were remotion, and thy defence ab
You, who fill the blissful seats above !
Shakspeare. Let kings no more with gentle mercy sway,
But every monarch be the scourge of God,
Who ruled his subjects with a father's love. Pope.
Whether his removal was caused by his own fears So shall Biron take me for Rosaline :
or other men's artifices, supposing the throne to be And change your favours too ; so shall your loves vacant, the body of the people was left at liberty Woo contrary, deceived by these removes. Id. to chuse what form of government they pleased. Your accent is something finer than you could
Swift. purchase in so removed a dwelling: Id. His horse wanted two removes, your horse wanted
Id. I have eyes under my service, which look upon his nails. removed ness.
REMOUNT, v. n. Fr. remonter. To mount
Woodward. Vol. XVIII.
REMPHAN, an idol or Pagan god, whom St. The realms of Mars remurmured all around, Stephen says the Israelites worshipped in the And echoes to the Athenian shores rebound.
Dryden. wilderness as they passed from Egypt to the land of promise.-Acts vii. 43. That the martyr here
His untimely fate, the’ Angitian woods
Id. quotes the words of the prophet Amos (ch. v. 26), In sighs remurmured to the Fucine floods.
Her fate is whispered by the gentle breeze, all commentators are agreed. But, if this coin
And told in sighs to all the trembling trees ; cidence between the Christian preacher and the
The trembling trees, in every plain and wood, Jewish prophet be admitted, it follows that Her fate remurmur to the silver Hood. Pope. Chiun and Remphan are names of the same deity.
REMUS, the twin brother of Romulus, was Selden and other critics concluded that Chiun, exposed together with his brother by the cruelty and of course Remphan, is the planet Saturn ;be- of his grandfather. In the contest which hapcause Chiun is written Ciun, Cevan, Ceuan, pened between the two brothers, about building Chevvin ; all of which are modern oriental names of that planet. But others, and particularly the Remus, for ridiculing the rising walls, was put to
a city, Romulus obtained the preference, and late learned Dr. Doig, by various etymological death by his brother's orders, or by Romulus arguments (which we need not quote), render it himself. See ROMULUS. The Romans were much more probable, that it was the aorpakvw? afflicted with a plague after this murder, upon or oeipos of the Greeks, the canis or stella
cani- which the oracle was consulted, and the manes of cularis of the Romans, and the dog-star of mo- Remus
appeased by the institution of Remuria. dern Europe. What confirms his interpretation
REMY (St.,) a town of France, in the departis, that the idol consecrated by the Egyptians to
ment of the mouths of the Rhone, situated in a Sothis, or the dog-star, was a female figure with fertile plain, covered with meadows and gardens. a star on her head; and hence the prophet up. It is chiefly remarkable for its circular promebraids his countrymen with having borne the star nade, and, about a mile from the town, there are of their deity. REMS and Fils, one of the twelve depart- of remote antiquity, and in tolerable preserva
a 'Roman triumphal arch and a mausoleum, both ments of the kingdom of Wurtemberg, to the tion. The environs produced formerly a vast east of that of the Rothenberg. Its area is 540 quantity of olive oil." At present the chief artisquare iniles; population 126,000. It is divided cle of trade is the wine supplied by the vines
on into the five bailiwics of Gemund, Goppingen, the neighbouring hills. Marle is also found in Schorndorf, Lorch, and Geislingen. The chief
the environs. Inhabitants 5100. Forty-two town is Goppingen.
miles north-west of Marseilles. REMUỐNERATE, v. a. Fr. remunerer ; RENAIX, or Ronse, a large inland town of REMUNERA'Tion, n. s. Latin remunero. To the Netherlands, in East Flanders. It has extensive REMU'NERATIVE, adj.
S reward ; repay ; re- woollen manufactures, and a considerable comquite; recompense : the noun substantive and mercial intercourse; but the only public buildadjective corresponding.
ings of interest are a magnificent chateau, an Is she not then beholden to the man,
hospital, and three churches. Inhabitants 10,000. That brought her for this high good turn so far? Seven miles south of Oudenarde, and twentyYes; and will nobly remunerate. Shakspeare. two south by west of Ghent.
Money the king thought not fit to demand, be RENARD, n. s. Fr. renard, a fox. The cause he had received satisfaction in matters of so name of a fox in fable. great importance; and because he could not remu
Before the break of day, nerate them with any general pardon, being pre- Renard through the hedge had made his way. vented therein by the coronation pardon. Bacon.
Dryden. Bear this significant to the country maid Jaque RENAUDOT (Theophrastus), M.D., an eminetta , there is remuneration; for the best ward of mine honour is rewarding my dependants.
nent French physician, born in London in 1583.
He settled in Paris, became first physician to
Shakspeare. He begets a security of himself, and a careless
the dauphin, and was the first who published a eye on the last remunerations.
gazette in France. He also wrote the lives of Browne's Vulgar Errours.
the celebrated prince of Condé, of marshal GasThe knowledge of particular actions seems requi- sion, and of cardinal Mazarin. 'He died in Paris site to the attainment of that great end of God, in in 1653. the manifestation of his punitive and remunerative
RENAUDOT (Eusebius), grandson of the doctor, justice.
was born in Paris in 1646. He was educated A collation is a donation of some vacant benefice under the Jesuits, and at Harcourt College; and in the church, especially when such donation is became famous for his skill in oriental history freely bestowed without any prospect of an evil and languages. In 1700 he attended cardinal remuneration.
Ayliffe. Noailles to Rome, where Clement V. made him REMURIA, festivals established at Rome by prior of Fossay. He wrote many learned disRomulus to appease the manes of his brother sertations, published in the Memoirs of the Remus. They were afterwards called lemuria, Academy of Inscriptions, of which he was a and celebrated yearly.
member, as well as of the French Academy, and REMURÖMUR, v. a.
Re and murmur. To the Academy de la Crusca. He died in 1720. utter back in murmurs ; repeat in low hoarse Clash; collision : to clash; encounter.
RENCOUNTER, n. s. & v.n. Fr. rencontre. sounds.
Virgil's friends thought fit to alter a line in Venus's Her fellow nymphs the mountains tear
speech that has a relation to the rencounter. With loud laments, and break the yielding air ;
You may as well expect two bowls should grow My rendering my person to them, may engage sensible by rubbing, as that the rencounter of any their affections to me.
King Charles. bodies should awaken them into perception.
Saint Augustine renders another reason, for which
Collier. the apostles observed some legal rites and ceremonies So when the trumpet sounding gives the siga, for a time.
White. The justling chiefs in rude rencounter join:
One, with whom he used to advise, proposed to So meet, and so renew the dextrous fight;
him to render himself upon conditions to the earl of Their clattering arms with the fierce shock resound. Essex.
Clarendon. Granville. Let him look into the future state of bliss or RENCOUNTER, in single combats, is used by misery, and see there God, the righteous judge, way of contradistinction to duel. When two ready to render every man according to his deeds.
Locke. persons quarrel and fight on the spot, without
Render it in the English a circle; but ’tis more having premeditated the combat, it is called a truly rendered a sphere. rencounter.
Burnet's Theory of the Earth.
Because the nature of man carries him out to acRENCOUNTER, in heraldry, an
tion, it is no wonder if the same nature renders him epithet applied to an animal
solicitous about the issue. South's Sermons. whose face stands right forward
Hither the seas at stated times resort, as if coming to attack the per
And shove the loaden vessels into port; son, as in the annexed figure:
Then with a gentle ebb retire again,
Logick renders its daily service to wisdom and REND, v. a. pret. and part. pass. rent. Sax. virtue.
Watts, rendan; Goth. renna. To tear with violence ;
Can answer love, and render bliss secure. He rent a lion as he would have rent a kid, and he
Thomson. had nothing in his hand.
Judges xiv. 4. Woald he render up Hermione, I will not rend away all the kingdom, but give one And keep Astyanax, I should be blest! A. Philips. tribe to thy son.
1 Kings xi. 13. Mr. Hook, in his Philos. Exper., p. 306, imagines Will you hence
this to be a dilatable or compressible tube, like the Before the tag return, whose rage doth rend air bladders of fish, and that, by contracting or perLike interrupted waters, and o'erbear
mitting it to expand, it renders its shell buoyant or What they are used to bear? Shakspeare.
Darwin, This council made a schism and rent from the most ancient and purest churches which lived before
RENDEZVOUS', n. . &v.n. Fr. rendezvous. them.
White. Assembly; meeting appointed ; appointed sign By the thunderer's stroke it from the root is rent, of meeting; to meet at any appointed place. So sure the blows which from high heaven are sent.
A commander of many ships should rather keep Cowley.
his fleet together than have it severed far asunder; What you command me to relate, Renews the sad remembrance of our fate,
for the attendance of meeting them again at the next
rendezvous would consume time and victual. An empire from its old foundations rent. Dryden.
Raleigh's Apology. Thou viper Hast cancelled kindred, made a rent in nature,
The philosopher's-stone and a holy war are but the
rendezvous of cracked brains, that wear their feather And through her holy bowels gnawed thy way, in their head instead of their hat.
Bacon. Through thy own blood to empire.
The king appointed his whole army to be drawn
together to a rendezvous at Marlborough. The lurking gold upon the fatal tree;
Clarendon. Then rend it off.
This was the general rendezvous which they all got Is it not as much reason to say, when any monarchy was shattered to pieces, and divided amongst liquor, they sucked it all up.
to, and, mingling more and more with that oily
Burner, revolted subjects, that God was careful to preserve monarchial power, by rending a settled empire into RENEALMIA, in botany, wild pine-apple, a multitude of little governments ?
a genus of the monogynia order, and monandria He who sees this past rent in so high a rock, how class of plants: cor. trifid ; nectarium oblong: the convex parts of one side exactly tally with the
cal. monophyllous; anthera sessile, opposite concave of the other, must be satisfied that it was the
to the nectarium; the berry fleshy. Species effect of an earthquake.
Addison. When its way the' impetuous passion found,
one only, a native of Surinam. I rend my tresses, and my breast I wound. Pope. RENEGADE, n. s. Fr. renegat ; Span.
RENEGA'DO. REN'DER, v. a. & n. s. Fr. rendre ; Span.
j renegado. An apostate;
a revolter. rendir. To return; pay back; restore; give on demand; give generally; yield; surrender; ex
Some straggling soldiers might prove renegadoes, hibit a surrender.
but they would not revolt in troops.
Decay of Piety. Will ye render me a recompense ?
Joel jij. 4.
There lived a French renegado in the same place The sluggard is wiser in his own conceit than where the Castilian and his wife were kept prisoners. seven men that can render a reason. Proverbs.
Addison. I heard him speak of that same brother,
If the Roman government subsisted now, they And he did render him the most unnatural
would have had renegade seamen and shipwrights That lived 'mongst men.
RENEGE, v. a.
Lat. renego. To disown, Among the bands, may drive us to a render. Id. Obsolete.
Such smiling roguies as these sooth every passion, Ayrshire, west by the Clyde, which separates it Renege, affirm, and turn their halcyon beaks from Dumbartonshire, and north by CunningWith every gale and vary of their masters.
ham. The surface is beautifully variegated with
Shakspeare. hills and valleys, woods and rivers, populous The design of this war is to make me renege my towns, villages, and gentlemen's seats. A consiconscience and thy truth.
derable part of the soil is moorish and barren; RENEW', v.a. Re and new; Lat. re
but along the banks of the Clyde, the Gryfe, RENEWABLE, adj. novo. To renovate; re the White and Black Carts, it is fertile. The
RENEW'AL, n. s. store ; repeat : the adjec- general scenery is romantic and delightful. It tive and noun substantive corresponding. abounds with coals, iron-stone and other miLet us go to Gilgal, and renew the kingdom there. 'nerals. Its chief towns are Paisley, Greenock,
Port Glasgow, and Renfrew. It is divided into It is impossible for those that were once en seventeen parishes. This county is sometimes lightened--if they shall fall away, to renew them called the barony, because it was anciently the again unto repentance.
Hebrews vi. 2. inheritance of the royal house of Stuart; and still In such a night
affords the title of baron to the prince of Wales. Medea gathered the enchanted herbs,
RENI (Guido or Guy), an illustrious Italian That did renew old Æson. Shakspeare.
painter, born at Bologna in 1595. He first The body percussed hath, by reason of the per- studied under Denis Calvert, and afterwards cussion, a trepidation wrought in the minute parts, under the Caracci. He imitated Lewis Caracci, and so renewech the percussion of the air. Bacon.
but afterwards formed a peculiar style of his The eagle casts its bill, but renews his age.
own, that secured him the admiration of his
Holyday. The last great age, foretold by sacred rhymes,
contemporaries and of posterity. He was much Renews its finished course, Saturnian times
honored, and lived in splendor; but afterwards Rowl round again. Dryden's Virgil Pastorals.
ruined himself by gaming. He died in 1642. Renewed to life, that she might daily die, There are several of his designs in print, etched I daily doomed to follow.
Dryden. by himself. The old custom upon many estates is to let for RENITENT, adj. Lat. renitens. Acting leases of lives, renewable at pleasure. Swift. against any impulse elastically. It behoved the deity, persisting in the purpose of
By an inflation of the muscles they become soft, mercy to mankind, to renew that revelation from and yet renitent, like so many pillows dissipating the time to time, and to rectify abuses, with such au force of the pressure, and so taking away the sense thority for the renewal and rectification as was suf- of pain.
Ray. ficent evidence of the truth of what was revealed. RENNELL (Thomas), B. D., F.R.S., son of
Dr. Rennell, dean of Winchester, master of the RENFREW (Gael. Rein Froach, i. e. the temple, &c., and grandson, by the mother's side, heath division), an ancient royal borough of of Sir William Blackstone, was born at WinScotland, the capital of Renfrewshire, and the chester in 1787. At an early age he was placed seat of the sheriff's court, and of a presbytery. at Eton, where he distinguished himself by his It is seated on the Cathcart, which runs into the progress in classical literature, and obtained Dr. Clyde five miles above Glasgow. King Robert Buchanan's prize for the best Greek Sapphic ode II. had a palace in it. The town consists of one on the Propagation of the Gospel in India. He narrow street, half a mile long, with some small joined at this period three of his contemporaries lanes. It was made a royalty by king Robert, in the publication of a series of essays, under and has charters from king James VI. and queen the name of the Miniature, which went through Anne. It is governed by a provost, two bailies, two editions. In 1806 he removed to King's and sixteen counsellors; who send a delegate to College, Cambridge, and gave additional proof join with those from Glasgow, Dumbarton, and of his literary attainments, by gaining, in 1808, Rutherglen, in electing a representative in the Sir William Browne's annual Greek medal for imperial parliament. It has a salmon fishery on an ode entitled Veris Comites, as well as by his the Clyde, from Scotstown to Kelly bridge. Its contributions to the Museum Criticum. Having chief manufactures are, a soap and candle work; taken orders he became assistant preacher to his a bleachfield, and about 200 looms are employed father at the Temple church, and in 1811 published in muslins for Paisley. It formerly stood on the his Animadversions on the Unitarian Translation banks of the Clyde, and vessels of consider- of the New Testament, under the designation of able burden were built close to the town; but the A Student in Divinity, and about the same time river, changing its course nearly opposite to became editor of the British Critic. In 1816 Scotstown, took a semicircular direction, leaving he was elected Christian advocate in the univerKing's Inch on the north, and came into its pre- sity of Cambridge, and the bishop of London sent course ahove the ferry. To supply this defi- conferred on him in the same year the vicarage ciency a large canal has been made along the old of Kensington. In the former capacity he probed of the river, from the Clyde to the town, duced his Remarks on Scepticism as it is conby which large vessels come up and unload at nected with the subjects of Organisation and spring tides. It is three miles north of Paisley, Life. Mr. Rennell was the rather induced to six west of Glasgow, and forty-five east of Edin- enter into this enquiry as he had himself made burgh.
no slight progress in the study of anatomy. It Renfrew, or RENFREWSHIRE, a county of was first printed in 1819, and went rapidly Scotland, about twenty-eight miles long from through six editions. His last work, undertaken east to west, and from ten to twenty-four broad, in the same character, was entitled Proofs of bounded on the east by Lanarkshire, south by Inspiration, or the Grounds of Distinction