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the correspondence. She had doubtless heard of Mr. Spencer's religious tendencies, which certainly were no secret; and having heard also that this amiable ecclesiastic was not endowed with a very logical mind, she calculated, and was not mistaken in her calculation, that she should be able to entangle him in a friendly controversy. Mr. Spencer“ does not entirely approve of her stratagem, but he has no doubt that she is now interceding for him in heaven-together with all the other saints of the Popish calendar.
The interview with Father Caastrich serves only to display Mr. Spencer's pliability and lack of information. The arguments which “overpowered” Mr. Spencer were of the most ordinary and superficial nature, such as “convince" the uninstructed and degraded peasantry of the Irish bogs. "To submit implicitly to the authority of those to whom Christ has committed the charge of his flock," i. e. the Pope and his clergy, is, in other words, to surrender the judgment and all the faculties of cognition in the most important of all subjects, the relations existing between God and man, to a state of torpid bondage and inefficacy, that represents the brutal more than the human nature. In all matters of re. ligion, the real Roman Catholic has no mind ; he is reduced to a servile state, in which the priest is to think for him, and to act as the representative of his reason and his wishes at the throne of grace. The whole scope of his religion is mechanical : that which the priest directs him to believe or to do, he must believe and do. The priest is authorised by the Pope; the Pope is god upon earth; and therefore there must be no question raised of the propriety of any injunction or doctrine proceeding from the sacerdotal class. With such a system, the “ wonderful fact of the agreement of the Catholic Church all over the world in one faith, under one head,”
is nothing strange. Man that has surrendered his reason in divine things to a particular corporation of priests, must everywhere be the same animal where that corporation exists. All true Papists have the same superstitions everywhere, not because they can be said to agree with one another all over the world, but because their priests have been educated in the same school, and have been indoctri. nated into the same discipline in all places. The Papist is an imitative, not a thinking creature; and it would be far more wonderful, if in a dominion of such entire slavery, there wereany difference of opinion. “Tranquillity reigns in Warsaw," said M. Casimir Perrier in the Chamber of Deputies, when Warsaw fell before the Russian tyrant.
" True," exclaimed the Deputies, “but it is the tranquillity of the grave." The strong man armed keeps his goods in peace in all the Papal dominions. The reasonable soul, the intellectual faculties, the healthy exercise of the understanding in religious matters, is not to be sought for anywhere but in the Pope and his Council. The reason of all Roman Catholics on the whole face of the earth is not within that corporeal frame which God has given them, but in the conclave that sits in the Vatican. The of the Papacy is therefore no wonder. “The wonderful unbroken chain of the Roman Pontiffs," and the power that the church, under their guidance, had always exercised, of " cutting off from her communion all who opposed her faith, or disobeyed her discipline, might, if Mr. Spencer had studied ecclesiastical history, have enlightened him in the mystery of the unity of thought which prevails in the Papacy.
power of cutting off" was a gentle expression selected by Father Caestrich, for all the frightful murders and atrocities, the plunders, massacres and devastations with which the Man of Sin has upheld his throne ; and the “wonderful unbroken chain"
THE CHURCH MAGAZINE.
of the Popes is indeed wonderful, as tain of all tradition. To this the exhibiting so long a catalogue of Oxford tractators have nothing to murderers, who either directly by reply, excepting that they are in postheir own wars of persecution, or
session of benefices held on a tenure, indirectly by the canon law and which would be forfeited by open the Inquisition, have endeavoured, adhesion to the Bishop of Rome. though without success, suppress the principles of the Albigenses, the Waldenses, the Lollards, and the Reformation ; but through the effectual working and strong right hand of the invisible Head of the The Church Magazine, which in Church, the chain of iniquity will at April had reached its fourth Number, last be broken, and cast for ever into is intended apparently to coincide the bottomless pit. In our next with the sentiments of almost any Number we shall offer a few addi. section of the clergy. It occasionally tional remarks on the “unbroken says a kind word for Puseyism, and chain of the Roman Pontiffs.”
anon for the evangelical party. A In the mean time, it is instructive few specimens will suffice :- Puseyto notice the identity of the argu
ism. — “ Hear the Church, fc. by ments employed by the Roman Catho- Dr. Hook. It is quite unnecessary lic teachers and the Oxford Tractators. to recommend this able sermon, now Dr. Hook and the Oxford divines that it has reached, we believe, its differ in nothing from their Popish fortieth edition in less than six brethren, except in the conclusions months :" success in the market being they draw. That the Scripture is not the criterion of excellence in matters of itself a sufficient guide in the faith ;
of faith with the editor.--" Roman. that tradition must assist and direct ism successfully opposed on Catholic the interpretation of Scripture; that Principles. A Sermon by the Rev. the church dogmatises on matters of W. Dodsworth ; a sound, timely, and faith, and then requires her children excellent sermon, in illustration of to believe (Dr. Hook's Sermons, the truth contained in the title.” It p. 43); that the clergy are the suc- is needless to observe, that this sercessors of the apostles, and teach, ex mon is of the highest order of Puseyofficio, the truth-this is the doctrine ism, and that its purport is to shew of the Oxford Tracts. The Papists that Romanism cannot, without traadvance only one step further. They dition, be successfully opposed by the declare, that they can prove as early Scriptures. See the April Number as Irenæus, that the Roman See was of the Christian Observer. The lanconsidered the principal church of the guage of the Church Magazine is universal body of believers ; and that frequently commendatory of evangeall the Fathers, from Clemens Alex- lical publications, but for the most andrinus downwards, paid respect to part in a mercantile style. Evangethis See--that multitudes of great lical sentiments come not from the names referred to as authorities by editor on any occasion. the Oxford tractators, were noto- Miscellaneous. — “ Tradition, So riously of the Papal communion; that much is now said about tradition by the canon law comes from Rome; almost all parties, that surely we shall that the Anglican orders of the be excused if we also make a few clergy are derived through Rome ; observations thereto. We frankly and that, therefore, it is the height confess that we have not given the of presumption, in appealing to tradi- matter any very deep consideration, tion to reject that which is the foun- chiefly because we do not think it necessary," Very profound, there- and clergy of England and Ireland in fore, must be the remarks of a writer, all past ages : and we must be in who, by his own account, approaches
communion with the bishops and a most difficult subject without pre- clergy; in other words, we must be paration, reading, or consideration. in this country members of the Church The fruits of this his extemporaneous of England, if we would be in comexamination of the subject may be
munion with the glorious company of seen in the following paragraph :- the apostles, the goodly fellowship of “ The question then seems to resolve
the prophets, the noble army of itself into this : What traditions are martyrs, and with the holy church most worthy of credit ?-the tradi- throughout all the world.” (37.) So tions of St. Ignatius, who was many ignorant, however, is the editor of years intimate with the apostles, and the subjects he has to handle, that, was made a bishop of Antioch by contrary to the notorious opinion of them (a dubious tradition of the fifth his own church, he makes the followcentury), with priests and deacons ing assertion :- We think that the under him ; or the traditions of orders of the Romish bishops and Emanuel Swedenborg ?--the tradi- priests are not valid, and that the tions of St. Augustine, the celebrated Popish priests are mere laymen, and bishop of Hippo [many of them the Papists consequently without a grossly absurd] ; or the traditions of church, a minister, or sacraments" John Wesley? --the traditions of Poly- (72.) Dr. Hook, and the Oxford carp, the disciples of St. John; or tract divines, would not thank the the traditions of Johanna Southcote?
editor of the Church Magazine for -the traditions of Tertullian [many of this discovery, who ought to have them notoriously condemned by the known that a Popish priest has no Church Catholic]; or the traditions need of a second ordination, when he of Edward Irving ?- the traditions of
wishes to enter into the ministry of Chrysostom (who preached up pil
the Church of England. Simple abjugrimages to Job's dụnghill, amongst ration of Popery is all that is required innumerable other superstitions] ; or
in such a case. the traditions of Micaiah Towgood,
There is an article on sacrilege Dr. Pye Smith, Mr. James, Mr. (37), of which the purport is to Binney, or any other of the moderns ?” insist on the necessity of restor(111. 81). This will give some idea of ing to the church all church property the editor's reading, judgment, mo
held by laymen; a very dangerous deration, and courteous disposition. proposal for the Church of England,
“ Doctrinal truth, and every other after the decision of Sir Herbert excellency, would be of but little or Jenner in the case of Widow Wolno avail without a regular valid apo- frey. “ As the nation, by the Parstolic ministry; for this is essential liament, has committed the sin, so by in the existence of the whole, or a the same means let it restore that portion of the Christian church. But
which it has taken away.
Let it give in this respect also the Church of compensation to the present holders England is perfectly right and safe. of church property, as it did to the Her ministers have received their slave-owners to obtain the liberty of commission and authority through a
the slaves, and return the property direct uninterrupted line of regular to the church, and we doubt not that ordination from the apostles and
God would fulfil to us the promise Christ. The bishops of the church implied in the language delivered to are here, in England and in Ireland, the prophet by the Jews, Bring ye the legitimate and the sole successors all the tithes to the store-house,' of the apostles, and of all the bishops &c. Mal. iii. 8. May God grant us
faith to trust him for the fulfilment of promise of Christ, 'Lo I am with you his word.”
always, even unto the end of the It is scarcely credible, that any world ;' and upon the assurance, that thing so foolish could have been the Holy Spirit, and consequently the written in sober earnest. Even in blessing of the Holy Trinity, will the days of Queen Mary, certainly accompany the deeds which I'do on not any bigot of her reign ventured his behalf. As his ministering serto make the proposal in Parliament. vant, I consider myself a mere instruThe apostolical succession is thus pro- ment, a sort of conduit or pipe, pounded :-" Acoording to this doc- whereby God is pleased to convey his trine, the validity of the ministerial grace and blessing to the people.” office, and, by consequence, the good (IV. 103). effects produced by the exercise of it, So much for the conduit. From depend not in the slightest degree upon the internal evidence of the style, the the piety and goodness of the man coarse language, the illiterate bluster, himself, but solely and entirely upon and the abusive phraseology, there this ;—that the office is of God's ap- can be little doubt that the editor of pointment, and that the minister has the Church Magazine is none other received it from God, by delegation than the author of the Letters of or succession from Christ and his L.S.E., Michael Augustus Gathercole. apostles; and, consequently, every The clerical mind must indeed be in atom of good which a minister, who an unhealthy state, to listen with has been invested with the miinsterial patience to any thing coming from a office by Christ, in the way of dele- writer of this stamp; but the editor gation through the apostles and their of the Church Magazine, who is successors, performs, and all the acquainted with the feelings of the honour, and praise, and glory of that clergy, knows that if he unceasingly good, belong not at all to the man, rings the changes on one theme, he but wholly to God, whose office he shall not be wanting in readers, who holds, whose representative he is, and though themselves gentlemen and in whose most holy name he performs scholars, can tolerate ill-breeding and every one of his ministerial acts. ignorance, if united with violence and According to my views of the matter, pertinacity in support of the prerogaI entertain feelings of the most ex- tives of the sacerdotal order. alted, satisfactory, and comfortable nature. I enter the house of God with feelings of the most confident assurance, founded upon positive facts
DR. LEIF which no man can gainsay, that I am a real and true minister of the Lord Jesus Christ; and that all the acts Counsels to a Young Minister in rewhich I perform in my ministerial lation to his Studies, Preaching, capacity are as perfectly valid, to all and Pastoral Duties, fc. By the intents and purposes, as though per- Rev. J. LEIFCHILD, D.D. formed by St. John, St. James, St. Peter, St. Paul, or any other of the We take the extracts from this work first twelve (Paul one of the twelve !) as they are given in the Congregaapostles of Christ. Having received tional Magazine for April, that we authority and commission from God may offer a few remarks both on the himself to execute the priestly office, extracts, and the review of them in and to act in his name and stead, I that periodical. These “Counsels” rest not on my own goodness, but purport to be the enlargement of a upon the blessed and encouraging discourse delivered at the “ recogni
COUNSELS TO A YOUNG MINISTER.
tion," i.e. appointment, of a of nature, which furnishes us only minister to a chapel of the Inde- with the faculties for obtaining it, pendents in Liverpool, and may be but leaves the attainment to our own considered as the type of all addresses assiduity. It is the result of the of this description. Taken in con
mind's exercise of its own powers in nection with the remarks of the acquiring the ideas of others, and reviewer in the Congregational Maga- increasing and maturing its own. zine, they fully express all that can These operations of its powers must well be urged in behalf of that sys- be untiring and incessant. You have tem which the Congregationalists already made respectable acquisitions would persuade themselves is their of this kind, but these must be looked strength and glory, but which is upon rather as having formed the visibly the cause of their internal habit, and given you the power of decline. After some sentences com- making further and greater accessions. mendatory of “ habits of holiness and than as constituting in themselves a devotion," and the necessity of preach- sufficient stock of material. They ing “ Christ crucified,” the reviewer are the vantage-ground from which introduces the scholastic theory.- you must advance. Once intermit “ We believe in the times that are this habit, and suspend the process coming, a marked preference will be of acquisition, and the respectability given to those ministers of the gos- of your ministry is undermined. You pel, who, to unquestioned experi- will become a borrower from yourmental godliness, are enabled to self, and be esteemed stationary, unite a sound and extensive know- while all the world around you is on ledge upon other subjects also. Men the advance. You will be looked of the world know very well, that upon as a man of a bygone age. there can be no earthly occasion to What, in that case, can preserve the divorce religion from science, or to charm of your ministry to any worthy separate literary attainments from the class of hearers ? What can be a most devoted spirituality of mind; substitute in laudable attractiveness since our greatest divines have usually for new thought, and new arrangebeen the greatest scholars. They ment, and new illustration, the result know the affinity that subsists be- of new acquisitions, new developtween the sciences; and when they ments of truth, and new modes of find a man ill furnished upon other conception. Assuredly nothing. None topics, they will not be disposed to but the dull and idle can be expected give him credit for any great supre- contentedly to sleep in the stagnant macy of wisdom in his own profes- pool of such a ministry.” sion; or, at all events, will be ready ideas, phrases, idioms, and illustrations to say, 'These things oughtest thou are almost all of a theological cast. to have done, and not to have left I readily grant that sound theological the other undone. However it may knowledge is essential to ministerial be in the pulpit, we are sure that the acceptableness and usefulness ... rising ministry will not be able to mighty as a minister you cannot be, maintain their respectability and use- unless you are mighty in the Scripfulness in society, unless they are tures. But the essential points of known to be in advance of the intel- faith and practice in the Scriptures, ligence of the age, and are prepared about which we must be perpetually to meet the philosophical unbeliever conversant, are comparatively few. on his own ground.
Nor are they to be altered or aug. paratory to the sentiments of Dr. mented with additions from any other Leifchild, who says, addressing the quarter; the only form in which they minister, “ knowledge is not the gift admit of novelty is in their illustra
This is pre