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now about one hundred and fifty species and varieties. A great number of these curious plants may consequently be seen by any one who chooses to visit Mr. Knight's nursery, and the curious shapes and brilliant colours of their flowers will well repay the visiter for his trouble. Cattleia, named after the above mentioned Mr. Cattley, who was a celebrated grower of epiphytes, is a particularly handsome plant; the leaves are large and fleshy, and the flowers, which are of a very, elegant shape, are dark violet and yellow. Stanhopea and Cypripedium insigne are also very handsome, and many others might be named; but it is difficult to particularize, where all are beautiful ; some of the flowers are shaped like little boats, some like a lady's slipper, and some like the beak of a bird, &c.; the colours are always brilliant, and possess a remarkable clearness and vividness; purple, lilac, violet, green, olive, brilliant scarlet, pink and yellow, with a peculiarly rich and velvety brown, are among the principal varieties. The roots are generally long and twining, and of colours as various as the flowers. Most of the kinds are cultivated in England by being tied with moss on pieces of the branches of trees, which are hung from the roof of the hot-house in which they are kept; but some are placed in pots with lime, rubbish, gravel, or moss, instead of soil. It is only since the commencement of the last century, that these plants have been much cultivated in England. Dr. Lindley has bestowed considerable care and attention on them; and by a paper published by him two or three years since in the Transactions of the London Horticultural Society, we find that, in 1801, there were only about twenty species cultivated at Kew, and that this was, perhaps, the largest collection of these plants in Europe. There are now above 300 species cultivated in England, and new ones are continually being introduced.
USEFUL ARTS. Museum of National Manufactures.-In reverting to the progress of this useful establishment since our last notice, it is satisfactory to announce that this is exhibited alike in the increase of its visitors as in the extensive additions that have been made to the objects in the collection, which now begins more appropriately to fulfil its title, and claims to be considered a repository of the varying and numerous products of our manufacturing industry. We take pleasure in recording this, and again calling attention to its objects; because, if establishments like the present are to be developed to their full extent, it can only be by the assistance of an enlightened and an impartial press. It is, we regret to have to state, too justly, that there is no department of the public press less efficiently fulfilled than that of scientific criticism; which, instead of being an impartial and candid expression and judgment of the claims of the object, is either the assumption of utter ignorance of its merits, or a pander to the empyricism of the arts, which is too characteristic of the commercial intercourse of the present day. In proportion as the public become more familiarized with, and can exercise a more competent judgment over, the productions of the useful arts,—where an initiation into the processes of those manufactures, with which the vital prosperity of this country is concerned, shall be made a subject of attention and study for the juvenile and inquiring mind, so a better-qualified race of critics will be called into existence, because they will then be amenable before the competent tribunal of public opinion. Our nation has resources in manufacturing and mechanical art, greater than were ever at the command of another people at any age; and the wealthy of our country are alike eminently in a condition to empioy productions of the most careful and assiduous art, as they are prone to estimate them at their just value. If beyond the wants and capabilities of our own society in its actual condition, there be a sound national policy, as there unquestionably is, to urge us to attain the highest rank amongst manufacturing nations, it becomes a more positive duty to cherish every means, and avail ourselves of every instrument, which may ameliorate our internal state, and tend to strengthen and make permanent our power to draw from the world around us subsistence for a population now redundant above our instrinsic sources of supply. We must aim at becoming the soundest manufacturers on the globe; and, under that character, our local advantages will give us a high and permanent independence. Such objects can only be advanced by establishments like the present constituting a school of art for instructing the artist in the highest efforts of his art, and making the public acquainted with those objects with which their comforts, conveniences, and luxuries are promoted.
It is impossible in the short compass of a notice to tabulate even the most interesting objects of the present collection, extending, as they do, to every subject to which the mind of man can direct its ingenuity and exercise in the arts, manufactures, and agricultural industry, and containing so many specimens of great and sterling interest and novelty. We have, No. 11. Bee-hives on Mr. Nutt's improved system of management, by which the honey is taken without the destruction of the bees, with accompanying specimens of honey and wax, fully establishing the character of this intelligent and humane system, as well in the superior quality and quantity of the products. No. 16. Murray's life-preserving arrow, to cast a line from a stranded ship; an obvious improvement over Captain Manby's apparatus for the same purpose. No. 25. Specimens of casting in brass from natural objects; correct and faithful representations, by which nature herself might be deceived. No. 35. Specimens of Buckingham pillow blond lace; very beautiful specimens, which only require to be made known to insure a return of prosperity to an extensive and interesting branch of local manufacturing domestic industry. No. 52. Busts in ivory, reduced from life size; these are effected by a peculiar mechanical contrivance of the artist, by which means a counterpart is produced, setting at defiance, for beauty and delicacy of finish, the most elaborate efforts of the chisel. No. 75. Tables in marquetry; these productions of Mr. Blake, an ingenious and intelligent artist, are decidedly equal to any of foreign manufacture, whilst the price at which they are sold is considerably less. It is not to the credit of public taste that, until the opening of the National Repository, the artist, although he had for some years been occupied in this branch of industry, had never vended his productions but to the trade, to retail to the public at a much enhanced price, as foreign. No. 77. Model of St. Luke's Church, at Chelsea, in plaster, done to scale by Miss Bessimer; a very elaborate and beautiful specimen of architectural modelling. No. 78. Nott's American stove for burning coke and anthracite; this stove distributes a very large proportion of heat, and the combustion of the fuel is very perfect, whilst it does not require replenishing above once in six or eight hours. No. 87. Chair framed with mottled horns of the ox: ingenuity and taste have acted in concert here to produce a most beautiful combination of natural objects apparently very little suited to the design: the structure is an admirable exemplification of the theory of beautiful form, as deduced from lines flowing in varied and unconstrained
No. 89. Time-piece, with a newly-invented compensating pendulum. The compensation is produced by the pendulum rod being constructed of three bars of the differently-expansible metals zinc and steel, by which an uniformity of its length, and consequent accuracy of motion, is secured. No. 90. Helix lever time-piece; a very simple piece of clock-work, the nature of the wheels being such as to give less friction, and, consequently, less number of imperfections, than in time-pieces of the ordinary description. No. 15. Smoke-consuming stoves, on Witty's construction; in these
stoves the consumption of fuel is greatly economized, and the heat is very generally distributed, being constructed upon the most correct chemical principles of the combustion of fuel and the laws of heat. No. 63. New method of roofing with slate; this is a far more complete and workmanlike mode than any other, and whilst it is waterproof from without, admits of free ventilation from within. No. 43. Different applications of zinc; this metal is applied to a great variety of economical and general purposes, for which it presents advantages over other metals in lightness, cheapness, and durability. No. 28. Hydrostatic bed on Dr. Arnott's plan; this most admirable invention requires but to be known to be approved of, and introduced into use in those medical purposes to which it is applicable. Nos. 65 to 68. Architectural and garden ornaments in artificial stone; the composition of which these are made bears a very close resemblance to the Portland stone, and is likewise very durable, resisting the action both of air and water, as it is used for ornamental fountains. No. 24. Cut-glass smelling-bottles stoppered on Cooper's patent; this mode of stoppering is coming into general use: the stopper is convex, which is ground so as closely to fit the concave surface of the bottle, and is made perfectly tight by a screw. The models of machinery for paper-making, machinery used in the manufacture of woollen-cloths, cotton manufacture, &c., are not the least interesting objects of this part of the collection.
We cannot omit to mention in the present notice, No. 62. Royal Seraphine, by Mr. Green; an instrument which, although of German invention, has received much improvement in this country. The powers, varied compass, and modulations of this instrument, place it nearest to the human voice in execution of any other. It is performed on at intervals during the day by Mr. Rimbault, jun., a young gentleman of high musical attainments, and the composer of several very popular and interesting songs. In his hands only have we heard the instrument display the vast and varied powers of which it is susceptible. No. 82. Set of musical glasses, tuned without water, by Mr. Tait, contrasts well with the above; for their fairy, dulcet sounds may be considered the music of the spheres. Whether for a solo, or as an accompaniment to the human voice, or to other instruments, we know of no instrument capable of producing more soul-inspiring melody. We will add that the most diffuse information is given of the various objects in the collection.
Police Station Chair.-A very ingenious chair has lately been invented by Mr. William Sheldrake, the eminent Surgeon Mechanician. The construction and form is very ingenious, and is equally so for the very opposite and useful purpose to which it is applied. Although its form is that of a complete watch-house chair, it is intended as a substitute for the ordinary shutters with which accidents are conveyed to the hospitals. For this purpose it can be extended to full length as an ordinary shutter, or any part of it may be brought to any elevation, according to the inclination required for any part of the body. Another great superiority is, that the shutter divides, by which patients may be lowered down on the bed, and which obviates the great inconvenience attendant on their removal, whilst all risk of increasing the effects of the accident is prevented, and by which a simple fracture is often converted into a compound one. It has received the most satisfactory recommendation from Sir Astley Cooper, and the Commissioners of Police have also expressed their approbation; and we believe that it is likely soon to be introduced into the different stationhouses of the Metropolitan Police.
NEW PATENTS. To Benjamin Hick, of Bolton-le-Moors, in finishing silks, woollen cloths, stuffs, and other the county of Lancaster, engineer, for his in- substances requiring heat and pressure, being vention of certain improvements in locomo- a communication from a foreigoer residing tive steam-carriages, parts of which improve- abroad. ments are applicable to ordinary carriages, To Samuel Hall, of Basford, in'the county and to steam-engines employed for other uses. of Nottingham, cotton manufacturer, for his
To Benjamin Dobson, of Bolton-le-Moors, invention of improvements in steam-engines. in the county of Lancaster, machinist, and Το les Berry, of the Office of Patents, 66, John Sutcliff and Richard Threlfall, of the
Chancery-lane, in the parish of St. Andrew, same place, mechanics, for their invention of
Holborn, in the county of Middlesex, engineer, certain improvements in machinery for roving for certain improvements in machinery, or and spinning cotton and other fibrous mate- apparatus for shaping and forming metal into rials.
bolts, rivets, nails, and other articles, parts of To Jacques Francois Victor Gerard, of Red. which improvements are also applicable to mond's-row, Mile-end, in the county of Middle- other useful purposes, being a communication sex, for certain improvements in the means of from a foreigner residing abroad.
SWALES, Great Portland-street, silk-mercer. Putney, chemist.
G. HAYNES, Trinity- J. TAPLEY, jun., Torr, Devonshire, woollen. street, Southwark, victualler.
J. HONE, draper. R. TODD, Liverpool, merchant. Northampton, hatter. J. and J. KEEP, Not- J. T. TWELLS, Tamworth, draper. T. WIL tingham, grocers. T. KENNING, Birmingham, son, Manchester, joiner. fire-irons-manufacturer. J. H. LEMON, Mar. 14.-R. CLARK, High Holborn, woollenNew-street, Whitechapel, inillwright. H.
draper. S. CRITCHFIELD, Norwich, habere PERKINS, Reading, corn.dealer. P. SAM dasher. J. HOWARD, Ripon, Yorkshire, BELL, Truro, timber-merchant. J. TAPLEY, scrivener. L. PAREZ, Brighton, printseller. jun., Torrin, Devonshire, woollen-draper. E. J. PARRY, Leeds, hatter. T. PAYNE, Old WILDE, Royton, cotton-spinner.
E. POWNALL, Mar. 4.-W. BIRD, Fareham, builder. C. Ipswich, money-scrivener. J. RICHARDSON CARISTOPHERSON, Brighton, printer. B. and R. MANSFIELD, Brownlow-street, Hole EYRE, Huddersfield, eepe F. H. HEM
born, tailors. T. SHAW
B. · WILD, MING and T. MONKHOUSE, St. Paul's Church
Charlesworth, Derbyshire, cotton-spinners. yard, lacemen.
T. C. HENDERSON, New J.SMITH, Sun Tavern Fields, Shadwell, hosier. Bond-street, dealer in dressing-cases. J.
H. STANIFORTH, Kingston-upon-Hull, mer. HEYGATE, Mansfield, cotton-spinner. R. chant. W.R. TURNER, Great Dover-road, Holt and J. GIVENS, Monk Wearmouth,
Surrey, carver and gilder. common-brewers. W. KEAY, Birmingham, Mar. 18.–J. CAWTHORN, Bolingbroke-row, victualler. J. KIDDER, Strand, silversmith. Walworth, oilman. P. CLARKE, KingstonW. J. LEWIS, Trosmarian, Anglesey, mer- upon-Hull, merchant. S. GARNER, Wallachant. R. MEANLEY, Great Barr, Stafford
sey, Cheshire, innkeeper. T. JENSON, Coshire, farmer. A. SILLITO, Macclesfield
ventry, druggist. J. JONES, Plasnewydd, street, City-road, wharfinger, B. WALKER, Carmarthenshire, cattle-salesman. T. Jones, Huddersfield, grocer.
Birmingham, collar-maker. E. KNOWLES, Mar. 7.-S. ALLEN, sen., Birmingham, Barking, grocer. P. LOWE, Upton, mer. hotel-keeper. W.GREENWOOD, Farringdon- chant. J. PARR, Hartlebury, Worcesterstreet, linen-draper. D. HARDIE, Manches- shire, corn-dealer. F. PARRY, Brighton, ter, merchant.
R. MOORE, Liverpool-street, tailor. G. STOCKER, High-street, WhiteSt. Pancras, linen-draper. G. W. ROBERTS, chapel, grocer,
T. WARLAND, Steward. Finch-lane, merchant. R. P. STAPLES, City, street, Spitalfields, silk-manufacturer. D. merchant. T. TAYLOR, Cowley, Oxford
WATKEYS, Swansea, dealer. H. WIGAT, shire, baker.
J. TAPLEY, jun., Torr, Devon- Bishop Wearmouth, grocer. T. WRIGHT, shire, woollen-draper.
ROCKS, Liverpool, corn-miller. F. MILLER,
R. gate-street, tobacco and snuff-manufacturer.
COMMERCIAL AND MONEY-MARKET REPORT. The general aspect of trade, whether fo- for Bengal yellow 22s. 6d. ; ordinary reign or domestic, during the past month, (damp) 24s. to 258. 6ıl. ; good (damp) presents no prominent features for obser
278. 60.; good white 28s. 6d. to 30s. ; vation as contrasted with the remarks in fine white, 388. to 39s. the last Number. Hesitation on the part In Foreign Sugars there have been no of the drapers in making the purchases transactions of importance of late; and which are customary with them at this the quotations are unaltered. The preperiod of the year, arising from the high sent stock of West-India Sugar is 13,300 prices at which the manufacturers have hhds., being a very slight excess upon lately purchased wool, has caused some that of a year ago ; that of Mauritius stagnation in that branch of trade, from is 96,000 bags, being an excess of upan idea that the present high price of wards of 40,000 bags as compared with the raw material cannot be permanent,
the stock of this date last year. and that the only safe course for the In British Plantation Coffee a reducimmediate purchaser from the manufac- tion of 1s. 6d. to 2s.6d. per cwt. has lately turer is to keep his stock within such taken place, and the Market is still very limits as to prevent any ruinous conse- inanimate; the prices brought by aucquences from that change in the price of tion are for Jamaica, middling, 88s. to the manufactured article, which a sud- 92s. ; good to fine fine ordinary, 79s. to den decline in the price of wool would 87s.; for Berbice and Demerara, fine effect. In the Silk trade, an analogous ordinary, 83s. to 848. ; middling, 84s. 6d. disposition has been manifested, but on to 878. 6d. a minor scale ; this branch of manufac- In East-India Coffee the sales have ture is, however, less active than it has produced, for 300 bags Ceylon 548. to lately been. In the grand staple of our 55s. 6d. ; good ordinary Samarang, 53s.; commercial industry, Cotton, although Sumatra ordinary brown, 44s. 6d. to there have been transient fluctuations, 46s.; 100 bags of fine coloury Brazil the average result is satisfactory. The brought 618.; and a parcel of St. DoIron trade continues to yield a remu- mingo was all withdrawn at 58s. nerating price to the smelter. In the There has been an increased demand Market for Colonial produce the trans- for Trinidad Cocoa of late, chiefly for actions are few and languid : the Fo- exportation, and prices have advanced reign Markets offer no temptation for from Is. to 2s. per cwt. ; for Brazil the speculation, and the purchases have con- inquiries are still very limited. sequently been limited to the mere The Rum Market has been and still wants of home consumption : thus, 110t. continues very dull, and some reduction withstanding the prevalence of Easterly has taken place in prime Jamaica, but winds has withheld supplies, so that a Leewards are still held with firmness at scarcity of British Plantation Sugars is 28. 3£d. to 2s. 4d. felt in the Market, no material rise has In Cotton, Silk, and Indigo, there is taken place; the grocers being content some degree of languor, but no material to take what they require for their im- depression in prices. mediate occasions, and the holders being The Tea sale at the East-India House under no anxiety to effect sales.
finished on the 20th ult., and of the In British Plantation Sugars during 9,000,000lbs. offered, no less than the last week, an advance of 6d. to ls. 2,323,000lbs. were withdrawn, causing per cwt. was obtained; but the sales did a reduction from the anticipated duty of not exceed 1500 hhds. For Brown Ja- above 200,0001.; the sale prices as commaica, 5ls. to 54s. has been obtained, pared with December show a reduction and for low St. Lucia, 50s. to 52s. per of ld. to 14d. per lb. in Bohea, d. to 1d. cwt.; middling to good Demerara, 52s. in Congou; ld. in Twankay, and 2d. in to 57s. per cwt. The last average price Hyson. Since the sale, the deliveries is 11. 9s. 8d. per cwt. ; that of the cor- have been very large, and Boheas and responding date of last year was 11. Congous have advanced ld. per lb. 78.71d. Mauritius Sugar has obtained The Tobacco is very firm, it being asan advance of ls. 6d. to 2s.; by public certained that the Contractors for the sale lately 5120 bags brought from 52s. Spanish Government have lately made 6d. to 60s.
extensive purchases at high prices. For East-India Sugars there is a mo- The Corn Market preserves an even derate demand, and an advance of ls. is tenour, unmarked by any great fluctuareluctantly submitted to. The following tions ; fine qualities of Wheat are still prices have been realized by public sale : in demand. The better qualities of