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charity, or friendship, I had a right to expect, if not a handsome fee, at least an acknowledgment of my services in the shape of a trinket, however inconsiderable in value. But the excellent Marquis, who prided himself on being a good scholar--that is to say, on writing French grammatically and orthographically-a quality by no means common even among persons of the highest rank in France—no doubt considered that he gave me something a great deal more valuable ; for on leaving the island he sent me the following note, which is so good that I shall give it an honourable place in my humble history: • Monsieur le Docteur,

Ce 21 Mai, 1821. Je ne sais pas si j'aurai le plaisir de vous voir avant votre embarquement, pour vous renouveller tous mes remercimens des soins que vous avez bien voulu prendre de moi pendant ma maladie. ils m'ont été bien utiles, ainsi mon estime, ma reconnoissance, et mon eternel attachement sont ils si bien gravés dans mon cour qu'ils sont ineffaçables.

"C'est pénetre de ces sentimens que j'ai

l'honneur d'être, Monsieur le Docteur, "Vous devez voir :

"Votre humble et par mon

'tres reconnaissant serviteur ecriture que j'ai toujours

• Montchenu. mes tremblemens. A.M. le Docteur H

• Who would exchange such a letter for a gold snuff-box?" - vol. i. pp. 248–251.

Dr. Henry came home in the same vessel with Buonaparte's suite; and his account of the voyage contains some curious enough anecdotes of them: but we must pass over these; nor can we afford much space to the sequel of his adventures.

The regiment was stationed for the next four or five years in his dear native island ; and first at Enniskillen barracks, under which date we find this entry in his diary :

'Beneficent nature has kindly accommodated animals in all countries to the necessities of climate, or other imperious external circumstances. She turns wool into hair within the tropics, and hair into wool, besides making a present of an additional blanket, towards the poles. She provides white dresses and cloaks for creatures that require such covering, to screen them from notice that might end in their destruction, and for other good reasons. It would be hard, therefore, if she were not correspondingly indulgent to the necessities of the Hibernians, since to the inhabitants of hyperborean regions she is so lavish in her gifts. Accordingly, we find the important physiological fact demonstrated by Cuvier in his last great work, intituled, “ Recherches Physiologiques Nationaux,” that the crania of Irishmen, or at least of 311 which he had examined and carefully compared with others, are nearly double as thick as those of the Celtic tribes generally, and excel those of the other European races in a somewhat larger proportion. It is remarkable that this is more noticeable about the frontal and parietal bones, and particularly along the course of the sagittal suture, than anywhere else. Nature has thus, in beautiful accordance with her operations in hyperbrumal countries, fortified and defended the skulls of her favourites of the “ first flower of the earth," and enabled them to stand, without serious inconvenience, the manifold beatings and belabourings to which she foresaw they would be liable.

operations

• We had the pleasure of witnessing one very respectable fight ou à fair-day at Enniskillen, about three o'clock, when the whiskey was beginning to develop the pugnacious qualities of the crowd.' It was very confined in its origin, being only a simple duel between two men with shillelahs at the door of a public-house, but the quarrel extended like wildfire, and soon pervaded the whole multitude. Thump ! crack ! crack! whack! thwack! crack! went the sticks on the heads and shoulders of his Majesty's liege subjects; but in consequence of the beautiful endowment discovered by Cuvier, the thwacks and the thumps produced no more effect than a racket-ball against the wall of the Court. In the very height of the battle we saw a stout man, riding on a strong punch, threading his way amidst the infernal tumult, regardless of the din of oaths and execrations and wood of sticks-knocking at the sconces right and left, and everybody shrinking and ducking when they saw him. In five minutes he had cleared the street of the combatants, and restored peace by his sole exertions. It was impossible to see the “ urgumentum baculinum" more energetically or more successfully used. “He floored the fight in a crack," as my servant had it. This vigorous peacemaker was Lord Enniskillen.'-vol. ii. pp. 36, 37. .

From Enniskillen the 66th removed in 1824 to Sligo; and here also we give a bit of the diary, over which · Cupid, god of soft persuasion,' must be content to smile; at least it is not the worst story of the kind that we have heard of him :

*Lord Palmerston has estates in the county of Sligo, and in September 1824 he paid the town the honour of a visit to inspect their condition, when a large dinner-party was got up for him by Mr. Abraham Martin, a gentleman of wealth and enterprise residing in Sligo.

The hour was seven o'clock; we came a quarter after and found the .company assembled, but his Lordship had not yet arrived. Half-past seven, three-quarters, eight o'clock struck; still no Lord Palmerston. Then commenced a new quarterly series and went on to nine, but still no Lord. By this time we were all in abominable humour, and I, for one, was ravenous; but the appetite of many of the party had gone off, leaving behind disgust and lassitude and a sense of personal insult. Cake and wine were now handed round, and our sufferings were thus made endurable for another hour: but at the horrid sound of ten o'clock, the whole party rose in open rebellion, took the law in their own hands, and rushed down stairs to what should have been dinner..

' Half an hour after, when some signs of returning animation had become visible under the champagne, in marched Lord Palmerstor. and shuffling up to the head of the table, apologised to the hostess for his want of punctuality—his hacks had knocked up-and then-putting on one of his blandest smiles, sat down), saying, “But I'm glad you did'nt wait !” vol. ii, p. 38. In 1827 Dr. Henry accompanied his regiment to Canada, and

the the greater part of his second volume is occupied with the angling of that province, and the troubled waters of her politics. We have lately given our readers quant. suff. both of the rod and of M. Papineau-so we shall confine ourselves to a few illustrations of the brief career of his high mightiness of Durham—and the clever and agreeable secretary, whom Dr. Henry, like all the world, considers as the real redacteur of the famous and all but fatal • Report.'

'In this long and laboured production, every public abuse that had existed for scores of vears antecedent to his government was minutely detailed, although most had been corrected or were in process of correction-every good quality or official virtue on the part of the English or Provincial Government was denied, underrated, or slurred over; whatever was, had been wrong; whereinsoever the people had complained, they were right. Every governor, except himself, had misruled; and all departments before his advent had been shamefully conducted. All these political errors, crimes, and blunders, real or imaginary, were gloated over with morbid satisfaction, and placed in strong contrast, when the case admitted, with the admirable arrangements in the United States respecting analogous matters : receiving deeper shade from this juxta-position. All was represented as the perfection of human wisdom in the great republic; all the quintessence of asinine folly in the monarchical colonies; and the noble painter appears to have felt strange enjoyment in daubing thick black on everything British, and glaring whitewash over all that was American.

Notwithstanding, let us see how stands the case in reality, comparing the actual advance of the five British Provinces with that of the United States during the last forty years. In a work like this I cannot copy long statistical tables of population, and revenue, and imports and exports: I can merely glance at the result of an examination of authentie documents of this description. From these data, then, it appears that, notwithstanding the Utopian perfection on one side, assisted by enormous emigration and borrowing of English money, and the awful misgovernment on the other, these British Provinces, since 1791, have increased in external and internal trade, shipping, revenue, population, and consequent prosperity, as fairly inferred therefrom, in a ratio of about five to four over the simultaneous advance in trade, shipping, revenue, and population of the United States, on a general average of the whole,

It is true this rapid progress has received a check lately; not from the fault of the government-unless too great kindness and subserviency to the petulant humours of the colonists be deemed a fault-but from the political and suicidal vice of a portion of the uninformed population.'

Again, says the Doctor

• There is not a word of acknowledgment of the admirable conduct of the population in purging themselves, unaided, of the imputed taint of Mackenzie's treason by crushing instantly his contemptible émeute; and when he was backed by the border Americans, destroying, or capturing, or repelling them ignominiously from the Province again and again. As no exultation is felt in their success, so no regret is expressed for their hardships, privations, and sufferings, or those of their families. The tears of wives and children separated from their husbands, fathers, and brothers ; who in the midst of the dismal winter had left them unprotected at the call of government—the harassing march-the exhausting vigil-the waste of property, and the actual loss of life, elicit not a syllable of praise or sympathy in this ungenerous and unworthy Report. No. Mr. Buller's and Lord Durham's sympathies are all on the other side ; reserved for bloody-minded felons and incendiaries, taken in the fact, fairly tried, and most justly punished. By a strange and lamentable moral perversion, their feelings only harmonise with what is evil and revolt from what is good; and whilst no tear is shed for Colonel Moodie or Captain Ussher and their distracted families, the noble Commissioner's pity overflows for Lount and Mathews, convicted traitors and murderers.'

This • Report,' Dr. Henry concludes, 'has unquestionably re-animated the drooping courage of the traitorous and of the exiles in the States, and kindled anew the almost extinct sympathies of their American friends, who have engraved the name of Lord Durham on the blades of their bowie-knives.'-- vol. ii. p. 213.

Then comes a long note-occupied with small enough matters -but still not insignificant in their way. E.g.

• With his immediate suite Lord Durham maintained the etiquette of ultra-regal state; even making them perform those menial offices which are usually discharged by domestic servants, such as waiting on his company at their arrival, to doff and receive the ladies' wrappings, fetching his hat or cloak when he wanted it; and it is averred, even on one occasion, holding his stirrup. He appeared to consider his aidesde-camp as so many slaves; and certainly kept them in as much awe as any planter ever inspired into a gang of negroes. Once at a ball on board the Hastings, a young lady, who was dancing with Captain Conroy, was horrified at finding her partner called off to get the Governor his hat when he wanted to retire. He was heard and seen in his own drawing-room rating Mr. Buller soundly for the gaucherie of spilling some coffee on a Westminster Review, probably containing a panegyric on himself; and not content with inflicting this public reprimand for so grave an offence, the Governor called his chief secretary into an anteroom, and was heard continuing the jobation. ' A key of one of his cabinets had been lost, unknown to him, and, fearing his temper, some of the family sent for a smith to pick the lock and make a new one. Unluckily his Lordship chanced to come into the room when the man was busy, and, without giving him a moment's time for explanation, he pounced on him like a tiger, dragged him through the door, and gave him a good kicking: but a subsequent douceur to the astonished mechanic hushed the matter up.

* Previous governors, comparatively poor men, and Lord Gosford in particular, had been charitable to the needy to the extent of their means: but Lord Durham hated the sight of a beggar. The ancient usage of associating contributions for the poor with religious worship-so becoming the occasion and so venerable for its antiquity, reaching even to the apostolic times—was apparently deemed an obsolete absurdity by his Lordship; for, after putting in his sovereign once or twice, when the churchwarden on a subsequent occasion approached his pew with the poor-box, he repelled him with a forbidding gesture; consequently so vulgar a thing was never again intruded “between the wind and his nobility."

•His Excellency was very indignant at the Rev.Mr. Mackie, the Bishop of Montreal's curate, a pious and talented' [vile word] 'young man, for some allusions to the theatre and race-course in one of his sermons ; strangely construing the latter reference into a personal insult to himself, and insinuating that, as the Queen and Lord Durham patronised racing, it was the height of presumption in any clergyman to open his lips against it in his presence. Although in this case no personality was intended, yet the propriety of this specific preaching against amusements, such as dancing and the like, which are not in themselves morally evil, and which many excellent men enjoy with a pure conscience, may be fairly questioned. However this may be, when we know that the admonition emanates from the best motives, although we may conceive it to be a little ultra, if we are reasonable people we listen to it with respect. Not so did Lord Durham. In the spirit of an inquisitor he complained to the bishop, and insisted on his outraging the liberty of a Protestant pulpit by silencing his exemplary chaplain. This, of course, was declined ; and the result was that the Governor-General absented himself ever after from church, and commanded the military chaplain to officiate every Sunday at his residence.'

The Doctor is particularly rich upon this potentate's brief excursion to the Upper Province:

" At Kingston he was very wroth because there was no guard of honour to receive him in the middle of the night, and, I believe, never forgave the commandant, Lieut.-Colonel Dundas, of the 83rd, nor that good town, for this and one or two other ideal slights. He absolutely forbade all smoking on board the steam-boat in Lake Ontario, and sent the captain to hunt out an audacious offender once when he perceived the smell of a cigar. The search was unsuccessful, and a report, accordingly, was made to his Excellency. “Go back, sir, and discover who is smoking, instantly, at your peril.” A second time the captain went in quest of the caitiff, and at length found Admiral Sir Charles Paget solacing himself in some remote corner with his accustomed enjoyment. “ Humph,” said the great man " I suppose we must let him smoke.” The admiral took good care not to come back in the same boat with the Governor.

‘On his return the steam-boat Neptune was engaged for his Lordship's sole use, to take him and his family and suite from Cornwall to Côteau du Lac. Lord Durham arrived at Cornwall on Saturday, and immediately embarked. There chanced to be a Presbyterian clergyman, the Rev. Mr. McNaughten, a man of great respectability and superior attainments, at Cornwall, who was in the habit of visiting Lancaster, a . VOL. LXVII, NO. CXXXIV.

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